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Grammar Unit. Conjunctions. Let’s Review . . . The conjunction is the seventh of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight: Noun Pronoun Adjective Verb Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection. First, let's start with a basic definition: .

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grammar unit

Grammar Unit

Conjunctions

let s review
Let’s Review . . .

The conjunction is the seventh of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight:

  • Noun
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Verb
  • Adverb
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Interjection
first let s start with a basic definition
First, let's start with a basic definition:

Conjunctions are words that join words or groups of words.

There are two main types:

coordinating conjunctions

subordinating conjunctions

coordinating conjunctions include
And

Or

But

For

Nor

These conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.

Coordinating conjunctions include:
let s practice
Let’s practice . . .

Write 3 sentences that include coordinating conjunctions.

Do they connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value?

independent clauses
Independent Clauses:

Clauses of equal value are called independent clauses and can stand on their own as separate sentences.

Example:

John is running in this race and I am carrying his water bottle.

Each clause can stand alone:

John is running in this race.

I am carrying his water bottle.

Double check your sentences - conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.

subordinating conjunctions
Subordinating conjunctions:

Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependentclauses.

Dependent clausescannot stand alone as a single sentence.

In fact, the clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.

dependent clauses
Dependent Clauses:

Dependent Clausescannot stand alone as a single sentence.

The clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.

Example:

Since I will not be home, Tina will answer the phone.

"Since I will not be home" doesn't make sense by itself.

It is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.

slide9

Subordinating Conjunctions

Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions include:

  • Although
  • Because
  • As
  • While
  • Until
  • Whether
  • Since
  • After
  • So that
  • When
  • Before
  • If
now let s practice
Now let’s practice . . .

Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses.

With a partner, come up with at least 3 examples of sentences that include Subordinating Conjunctions that introduce Dependent Clauses.

take a few minutes
Take a few minutes . . .

to prepare for the Conjunction Quiz.

conjunction quiz
Conjunction Quiz

Find the conjunctions in the following sentences.

Label them “C” for coordinating or “S” for subordinating.

  • He listened to the man's story and reported it to the policeman on duty.

2. I haven't seen my brother since he left for college.

3. Your aunt or your uncle will pick you up from school today.

4. Tom, Jane, Sue, and Tim will be going on the trip.

5. I remember the old school book, for it was once mine.

6. Sarah did not feel well, but she went to class anyway.

7. Although the old man was hungry, he never said a word to anyone.

8. I think I heard that on the television or radio, although I am not sure.

conjunction homework
Conjunction Homework

In a newspaper or magazine, find an article that interests you and is more than 10 sentences in length.

Tape the article to a clean sheet of paper.

With a YELLOW pencil or pen, underline and number all the conjunction in the article.

On the paper, identify the type of conjunction it is.

Due Tomorrow at the beginning of class.