Results of the 2005 Your First College Year (YFCY) Survey: Spotlight on Student Adjustment & Satisfaction Victor Sáenz & De’Sha Wolf Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA Sunday, February 26, 2006 25th Annual Conference on the First Year Experience Atlanta, GA
Presentation Goals • Overview of CIRP Freshman Survey • Introduce the YFCY survey as a longitudinal follow-up to the CIRP Freshman Survey • Share descriptive findings from the 2005 YFCY national aggregate data, with a focus on college adjustment and satisfaction • Discuss how institutions can utilize HERI longitudinal data to assess various aspects of the first-year experience
Higher Education Research Institute CIRP Cooperative Institutional Research Program Funded Research Freshman Survey YFCY CSS • Atlantic Philanthropies • Templeton Foundation • National Institutes • of Health Faculty Survey
CIRP Freshman Survey • Largest and longest-running national study of American college students…2006 is 40th Anniversary • Initiated in 1966 at the American Council on Education; Housed at HERI (UCLA) since 1973 • Administered annually to over 400,000 incoming freshmen at more than 600 colleges and universities nationwide • Since 1966: 12 million students; 1,800 institutions
CIRPFreshman Survey Items • Demographic Characteristics • Expectations for College • High School Experiences • Degree Aspirations & Career Plans • College Finances • Attitudes, Values, & Life Goals • Reasons for Attending College • FRESHMAN TRENDS (1966 – present)
CIRP Trends: Entering College Freshmen Men Women
CIRP Freshman Trends • Socio-historical context • Consistent trends over time • Changing student profile over the last 40 years (e.g, values, reasons for going to college, etc.) • What about students’ first year of college experiences?
Your First College Year (YFCY) • Developed in 2000 in conjunction with the Policy Center on the First Year of College • Designed as a follow-up to the CIRP Freshman Survey; may also be used as a stand-alone instrument • Over 1/3 of the YFCY survey items directly post-test items on the CIRP Freshman Survey • In 2005, surveyed over 40,000 students at 200+ institutions nationwide
YFCY Major Themes • Academic and social adjustment • Sources of satisfaction and dissatisfaction • Academic, residential, and employment experiences • Plans for the next academic year • Patterns of behavior • Life goals • Self-concept and feelings of personal success
Institutions in 2005 YFCY* *Data are unweighted.
Students in 2005 YFCY* *Data are unweighted.
CIRP vs. YFCY(longitudinal results) • How do students change during the first year of college?
CIRP, YFCY, & the I-E-O Model Environments YFCY (e.g., place of residence during the first year, interactions with peers and faculty, curricular and co-curricular experiences) Inputs CIRP Freshman Survey (e.g., academic performance in high school, financial concerns prior to college entry, expectations for college, degree aspirations, self-concept in high school) Outcomes YFCY (e.g., satisfaction with college, social/emotional adjustment, sense of belonging)
YFCY Factors:Mean Comparisons by Race All means reported are significant at the p<.01 level; In comparison to White students, *Mean difference is significant at p<.05; **Mean difference is significant at p<.01
Using YFCY Data to Enhance Campus Assessment Efforts: Methodologies • Descriptive analyses with your campus data • Comparative analyses • Measures of association • Longitudinal analyses • Factor analyses • Multivariate analyses
Using YFCY Data to Enhance Campus Assessment Efforts: Purposes • Self-study reports • Retention studies • Recruitment issues • Examining group differences among students • Strategic planning • Presentations to various constituents • Creation of a student information system • Measuring student development & institutional impact
For More Information: http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri/heri.html (310) 825-1925 http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri/cirp.htm http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri/yfcy/ Victor Saenz firstname.lastname@example.org De’Sha Wolf email@example.com