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THE Mongol Empire. Aim: What were the results of the Mongol Empire’s expansion? Do Now: Complete Mongol Worksheet. The Mongols. Known as nomadic, fierce warriors, expert horsemen From the steppe in Asia (dry, grassy region) Lived in kinship groups called clans

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slide1

THE

Mongol Empire

Aim: What were the results of the Mongol Empire’s expansion?

Do Now: Complete Mongol Worksheet

the mongols
The Mongols
  • Known as nomadic, fierce warriors, expert horsemen
  • From the steppe in Asia (dry, grassy region)
  • Lived in kinship groups called clans
  • Around 1200, leader named Temujin (Genghis Khan) united Mongols under his leadership.
  • Campaign of terror across Central Asia, destroying cities and slaughtering people
genghis khan
Genghis Khan
  • Title means “universal ruler”
  • Brilliant organizer and warrior
  • Used cruelty and fear as weapons
  • Died in 1227, but his successors continued to expand empire
the mongol empire 1216 1400 c e
The Mongol Empire (1216-1400 C.E.)
  • 4 regions or khanates
    • Mongolia and China
    • Central Asia
    • Persia
    • Russia
  • Largest land empire ever.
  • Stretched across Asia and eastern Europe. It was approximately one million square miles.
mongol rulers
Mongol rulers
  • Tolerant rulers in times of peace
  • Imposed stability, law and order across Eurasia (PaxMongolica)
  • Provided safety for trade between Europe and Asia
  • Mongol rulers relied on foreigners to help rule the government
kublai khan
Kublai Khan
  • Grandson of Genghis Khan, took power in 1260
  • Founded the Yuan Dynasty
  • United China for first time in 300 years
  • Opened China to foreign contacts and trade
  • Tolerated Chinese culture and government
  • Lived luxurious life of Chinese emperor
  • Failed to conquer Japan
  • Restored the Grand Canal, built paved highway
  • Encouraged trade across Silk Road
the end of mongol rule
The End of Mongol Rule
  • Succession crisis after death of Kublai Khan
  • Many rebellions in 1300’s
  • Chinese overthrew Mongols in 1368
  • Other Khanates declined, except for Russia
the effects mongol rule
The Effects Mongol Rule

Cut Russia Off from the European Renaissance

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Marco Polo

  • Christian merchant from the Venetian Republic (Italian City-State)
  • Wrote Il Milione, which introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China.
  • Travelled through Asia and met Kublai Khan.
  • c. 1254 – January 8, 1324
slide11

IbnBattuta

  • Moroccan Islamic scholar and traveler.
  • Writing Account of his travels and excursions called the Rihla.
  • His journeys lasted for a period of nearly 30 Yrs.
  • A distance surpassing that of Marco Polo.

February 25, 1304–1368 or 1369