Some leadership questions:. Who are the most admired leaders (living or deceased) in the world? What is it about them that makes them the most admired? Who are the 2 most significant leaders in your life? What is it about them that makes them the most significant?
Empirical evidence of the magnitude of the effects on performance is modest.
Identifying intellectual, emotional, physical, and other personal traits of effective leaders.
Trait and Behavioral Approaches
Situational Theories of Leadership
The performance of groups is dependent on the interaction between leadership style and situational favorableness.
Preferred leadership style
Focuses on how the leader influences the followers’
perceptions of work goals, self-development goals,
and paths to goal attainment.
Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory (SLT)
Emphasis is on the followers and
their level of maturity.
Decide on a Leadership Style
Leaders Must Judge Follower Readiness
Emphasizes differing relationships that leaders develop with different subordinates.
Subordinates Classified as:
Subordinates Classified as:
Individual, task, environmental, and organizational characteristics
Can influence which leadership style to use to affect follower satisfaction or performance
Can tend to negate the leader’s ability to affect follower satisfaction or performance.
SUBSTITUTES FOR LEADERSHIP
Substitutes for Leadership
Task, organizational, or subordinate characteristics that render relationship- and/or task-oriented leadership as not only impossible but unnecessary.
Focus on the dynamics of leadership
Have stimulated research on leadership
Remain controversial because of:
Limited research testing
Situational variables discussed in each approach differ somewhat
Differing views of outcome criteria
Comparing the Situational Approaches
Good To Great, Jim Collins
Geeks & Geezers, Warren G. Bennis and Robert J. Thomas
Level 5 Executive
Builds enduring greatness through a paradoxical
blend of personal humility and professional will.
Catalyzes commitment to and vigorous
pursuit of a clear and compelling vision,
stimulating higher performance standards.
Organizes people and resources toward the
effective and efficient pursuit of predetermined objectives.
Contributing Team Member
Contributes individual capabilities to the achievement of group objectives and
Works effectively with others in a group setting.
Highly Capable Individual
Makes productive contributions through talent, knowledge, skills, and good work habits.
Creates superb results, a clear catalyst in the transition from good to great.
Demonstrates an unwavering resolve to do whatever must be done to produce the best long-term results, no matter how difficult.
Sets the standard of building an enduring great company; will settle for nothing less.
Looks in the mirror, not out the window, to apportion responsibility for poor results, never blaming other people, external factors, or bad luck.
Demonstrates a compelling modesty, shunning public adulation; never boastful.
Acts with quiet, calm determination; relies principally on inspired standards, not inspiring charisma, to motivate.
Channels ambition into the company, not the self; sets up successors for even greater success in the next generation.
Looks out the window, not in the mirror, to apportion credit for the success of the company-to other people, external factors, and good luck.The Two Sides of Level 5 Leadership