Cell Organelles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cell Organelles
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Cell Organelles

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  1. Cell Organelles Fill-in-the-blanks notes and diagrams Mr. Hefti – Pulaski Biology

  2. Instructions • Fill in the blanks in your skeletal notes of the organelles found within a cell. • Shade in your diagram with the colors you are instructed to use for each organelle.

  3. Cell membrane • The outer boundary of the cell that controls the movement of materials in and out of the cell. • Found in both plant and animal cells. • Shade it green

  4. Cytoplasm • The fluid within the cell that contains organelles and aids in moving things around in the cell. • It is inside the cell membrane surrounding the nucleus. The cytoplasm is made up of about 2/3 water. • Free choice of any color after you have shaded all others

  5. Nucleus • One of the larger organelles found in all cells. • The nucleus is usually the shape of a sphere and contains the cell's genetic material inside a smaller sphere within it called the nucleolus. • It is the control center of the cell. • It is found floating in the cytoplasm. • Shade it blue

  6. DNA • Deoxyribonucleic acid • DNA looks like a twisted extension ladder. • It is found in the nucleus and controls everything inside the cell. • Shade it black

  7. Mitochondria • Contains the energy to power the cell's activities. • It changes the energy stored in food compounds into a useful form of food. • It is a kidney-bean-shaped organelle floating around the cytoplasm. • Shade it orange

  8. Endoplasmic reticulum • Anetwork of membranes that stores, separates, and transports substances within the cell. • It is like a ribbon floating throughout the cytoplasm.

  9. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum • Makes lipids, processes carbohydrates and modifies toxic chemicals in the cell. • Purple

  10. Rough endoplasmic reticulum • Contains ribosomes on its surface and makes proteins to be secreted by the cell • It also makes new cell membranes. • Yellow

  11. Ribosomes • Tiny ball-like structures found at the surface of the endoplasmic reticulum. • Proteins are formed in the ribosomes. • Brown

  12. Golgi apparatus • Flat pancake-like sacs where protein molecules are sorted, changed, packaged and distributed throughout the cell. • Red

  13. Chloroplast • Green oval-shaped structures that enable plants to make sugars through photosynthesis. • Green

  14. Lysosome • Small spheres floating around the cytoplasm that contain digestive enzymes to help break down bacteria and viruses within the cell. • Purple

  15. Vacuole • Asac that absorbs water, stores proteins, ions and waste products. • Vacuoles are large in plant cells and small in animal cells. • They provide support for plant cells. • Light blue

  16. Cell wall • The tough, rigid outer covering that surrounds the cell membrane of plant cells. • It protects plant cells and helps the plant keep its shape. • Light brown

  17. Matching Review Mitochondria “Protein factory” Ribosome “Fluid filling” Cell membrane “Outer layer of plant cells” Vacuole “New cell membranes” Cytoplasm “Storage bin” Cell wall “Powerhouse” Rough endoplasmic “Controls what goes in and reticulum out”

  18. Matching Review DNA “Control center” Nucleus “Contains chlorophyll” Chloroplast “Digestive enzymes” Golgi apparatus “Genetic material” Lysosome “Makes lipids” Smooth endoplasmic “Packages and distributes reticulum proteins”

  19. Identification Review