gender dysphoria n.
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Gender Dysphoria - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Gender Dysphoria. Definitions. Sex-your chromosomal make up as either a boy or a girl, also based on your genitalia. Gender-how you, the public, and the legal system view you (as male or female) Gender Dysphoria -an individual’s discontent with the assigned gender. Definitions.

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definitions
Definitions
  • Sex-your chromosomal make up as either a boy or a girl, also based on your genitalia.
  • Gender-how you, the public, and the legal system view you (as male or female)
  • Gender Dysphoria-an individual’s discontent with the assigned gender
definitions1
Definitions
  • Transgender-individuals who identify with a gender that is different than how they were born
  • Transsexual-individuals who seek, or have undergone, a social transition from female to male, or male to female-usually involves hormone therapy and genital surgery
gender dysphoria in children
Gender Dysphoria in Children
  • For at least 6 months you must have all of the following:
    • Have a strong desire to be the other gender
    • Wear clothes that belong to the opposite sex
    • Enjoy cross-gender roles and role-play and fantasy play
    • Enjoy toys, games, or activities that “belong” to the opposite sex
    • Prefer playmates of their opposite gender
    • A strong dislike of one’s sexual anatomy
    • A desire for the sex characteristics of the opposite sex
gender dysphoria in adolescents
Gender Dysphoria in Adolescents
  • For at least 6 months you must have two of the following:
    • Have a strong desire to be the other gender
    • A strong dislike of one’s sexual anatomy (want to get rid of it)
    • A desire for the sex characteristics of the opposite sex
    • A strong desire to be treated as the opposite gender
    • A strong conviction that one has the typical feelings and reactions of the opposite gender
    • The condition is associated with clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning
in adolescents
In Adolescents:
  • Specifiers:
    • With a disorder of sex development?
    • Post-transition? (have they already started living like the other gender)
development and course
Development and Course
  • Distress: Children will cry when their parents don’t let them “be” the other gender
  • Children are usually aged 2-4 when diagnosed
  • Doesn’t always persist into adulthood (only up to 30-50%)
  • If it doesn’t persist, a male will usually identify themselves later as androphilic
  • If it doesn’t persist, females will identify themselves as gynephilic 32-50% of the time
prevalence
Prevalence
  • Males: 0.005% to 0.014%
  • Females: 0.002 to 0.003%
  • More common in males, except in Japan and Poland
risk factors
Risk Factors:
  • 1. Temperamental: Atypical gender behavior is seen in early preschool age
  • 2. Environmental: Males with gender dysphoria more commonly have older brothers
  • 3. Genetic-Weak genetic contribution
    • Increased androgen in females with the disorder
    • No hormone abnormalities in males found
culture related issues
Culture-Related Issues
  • This disorder has been reported across many countries and cultures
consequence of gender dysphoria
Consequence of Gender Dysphoria
  • Failure to develop same-sex peers leads to loneliness
  • Refusal to attend school because of fear of bullying
  • Relationship difficulties
  • Depression, negative self-concept
  • Discrimination (employment, etc,)
differential diagnosis
Differential Diagnosis
  • How could you tell if a child has Gender Dysphoria Disorder, or is simply a “tomboy” or “in touch with his feminine side”?