Catholic & English Reformation. Unit 3, SSWH 9 e and f. Counter Reformation “Catholic”. Reforms in the Catholic Church took place in response to the Protestant Reformation Reforms made to help Catholics remain loyal Encouraged daily devotion – helped cleanse the soul. Jesuits.
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Catholic & English Reformation Unit 3, SSWH 9 e and f
Counter Reformation “Catholic” • Reforms in the Catholic Church took place in response to the Protestant Reformation • Reforms made to help Catholics remain loyal • Encouraged daily devotion – helped cleanse the soul
Jesuits • Ignatius of Loyal, leader of the reformation and the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) • Jesuits did 3 things: Found superb schools, convert non-Christians, & stop the spread of Protestantism
Council of Trent • 2 Reforming Popes: Paul III & Paul IV (1 reform - Council of Trent) • Council of Trent (created to clarify 4 issues for the Catholics) 1. Church’s interpretation of the Bible was final 2. Need faith & good works for salvation 3. The Bible & Church tradition were equally powerful authorities for guidance 4. Indulgences were valid expressions of faith
English Reformation • England’s monarchs change the legal church • A king’s desire for divorce, he wanted/needed a son • King says the Pope is no longer in charge of the church • Monarchs created a new church, Anglican, & put themselves in control of it
King Henry VIII • Henry VIII, King of England, married Catherine of Aragon – no sons, 1 daughter (Mary) • Wants younger queen, asks for a divorce & the church/pope won’t grant 1 • Asked Pope to annul (set aside) the marriage – Pope won’t • Reformation Parliament: Henry asks parliament (govt) to end pope’s power in England
Act of Supremacy: Parliament ends the pope’s power & names Henry head of the church • Marries Anne Boleyn (will be executed for treason) – no sons, 1 daughter Elizabeth I • Marries Jane Seymour (dies from complications) – 1 son Edward VI • Henry marries 3 more times, no kids
Henry’s Children • Edward rules (age 9) with help as a Protestant, dies at 16 • Mary rules as a Catholic & prosecutes Protestants, dies from cancer • Elizabeth rules as a Protestant & creates the Anglican church (blending Catholic & Protestant beliefs) – ruled for 42 yrs.