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Reformation Ideas Spread: The English Reformation and the Catholic Reformation. HWH UNIT 1 CHAPTER 1.4. Anabaptists. Rejected infant baptism Rejected violence Advocated separating church and state Munster, 1534-1535. King Henry VIII (r. 1509-1547). “ Defender of the Faith ”.

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reformation ideas spread the english reformation and the catholic reformation

Reformation Ideas Spread: The English Reformation and the Catholic Reformation

HWH UNIT 1

CHAPTER 1.4

anabaptists
Anabaptists
  • Rejected infant baptism
  • Rejected violence
  • Advocated separating church and state
  • Munster, 1534-1535
defender of the faith
“Defender of the Faith”
  • Defense of the Seven Sacraments
    • Leo X
  • Devout advisors
    • Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (1475-1530)
    • Thomas More (1478-1535)
henry and his wives
Henry and His Wives

Mary I Elizabeth I Edward VI

henry s wives
Henry’s Wives…
  • #1: Catherine of Aragon (m. 1509-1533)
    • Daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella
    • Aunt of Charles V
    • Had a daughter, Mary…
      • …but no son
      • Annulment?
thomas cranmer 1489 1556
Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556)
  • Archbishop of Canterbury
    • Advised the split with Rome
2 anne boleyn m 1533 1536
#2: Anne Boleyn (m. 1533-1536)
  • Secretly married to Henry in 1533
    • Already six months pregnant with Elizabeth
  • The Act of Supremacy (1534)
    • Established the Church of

England (Anglican Church)

      • Henry was the head of the church
      • All Roman Catholic lands and

monasteries were confiscated

        • 25% of all land in England
      • Thomas More would not convert
  • Anne was executed in 1536
anglican doctrine under henry
Anglican Doctrine Under Henry
  • The Six Articles (1539)
    • Maintained almost all of Catholic doctrine
      • Henry, not the pope, was the authority
  • The doctrine of the Anglican Church will be in flux until the late 17th century
3 jane seymour m 1536 1537
#3: Jane Seymour (m. 1536-1537)
  • Had a son, Edward (VI)
  • Died from complications

of childbirth

5 kathryn howard m 1540 1542
#5: Kathryn Howard (m. 1540-1542)
  • 30 years younger than Henry
  • Cheated
  • Executed
moved the anglican church toward calvinism
Moved the Anglican church toward Calvinism
  • Book of Common Prayer (1549—Cranmer)
    • Somewhat Calvinist
  • Advisors were Protestant
    • Communicated directly with Calvin
  • Changes:
    • Clergy could marry
    • Salvation by faith alone
    • Only baptism and communion
    • Iconic images removed from churches
    • Denied transubstantiation
queen mary i r 1553 1558
Queen Mary I (r. 1553-1558)
  • CATHOLIC
    • 1st daughter of Henry and Catherine of Aragon
  • Married Philip II of Spain
  • Executed Cranmer and other Protestants
    • “Bloody Mary”
the elizabethan settlement
The “Elizabethan Settlement”
  • Two Extremes—Elizabeth took the middle road
    • Catholics
    • Puritans
  • Undid Mary’s anti-Protestant laws
  • Made Elizabeth head of the Church of England
  • Cranmer’s Book of Common Prayer
  • Made moderate Protestantism the official religion
the church of england under elizabeth
The Church of England under Elizabeth
  • Two Sacraments
  • Clergy could not marry
  • Catholicism tolerated (in private)
  • Mandatory attendance at church
  • No monasteries
  • Mass given in English
rome s response to the reformation
Rome’s Response to the Reformation
  • Pope Paul III (r. 1534-1549)
    • Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556)and the Jesuits
    • Spiritual Exercises (1522-24)
    • Focus: education and conversion
the council of trent 1545 1563
The Council of Trent (1545-1563)
  • Pope Paul III (r. 1534-1549)
  • Conclusions:
    • Reaffirmed Catholic doctrine
    • Ended corruption within the clergy
      • Pluralism
      • Absenteeism
      • Sale of indulgences
      • More education for clergy