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Improved Transportation Brings Growth Vocabulary Review
Conestoga Wagon • A large covered wagon that westward-bound settlers used to carry themselves and their belongings; the wheels were 6-10 inches wide, canvas cloth was stretched over wood staves, and the ends of the wagon bed were higher to keep goods from falling out.
Toll • A fee charged for the use of a road
Turnpike • A road that travelers had to pay a fee (tool) to use: the swinging barrier called a pike was turned when the toll was paid to allow access
Stagecoach • A large covered wagon that carried passengers, luggage, and mail along the roads
Navigable • Suitable for a boat to sail on; able to be traveled
Ford • A shallow place to cross a stream or river
Ferry • A large boat used to carry people and cargo across a river
Canal • A waterway that joins one river or body of water to another
Flatboat • A raft guided with an oar used to transport people and goods downstream; a flatboat was moved by pushing poles into the river bottom
Keelboat • A boat that had a bow and a keel and that was powered by pushing long poles into the water; could travel upstream
Steamboat • A large boat carrying huge cargoes and many passengers that was powered by a steam engine
Financier • One who provides the funds for an undertaking
Flange • A rim on a rail that kept the wheels of locomotives and cars on the track
Terminus • The last station at the end of a railroad line
Review Activity • Directions- Answer the following questions by writing down the correct term that matches the definition.
One who provides the funds for an undertaking is a … • A large boat carrying huge cargoes and many passengers would be a… • Canvas cloth was stretched over wood staves in order to protect the goods of those traveling westward on this type of wagon… • A waterway that joins one river or body of water to another is a…
A road that travels had to pay a fee to use is a… • The fee charged to those traveling on this road is a… • A large covered wagon that was used to transport people, mail, and luggage is a… • A shallow place to cross a stream or river is a… • If a waterway or road is suitable for travel it is….
10. The last station at the end of a railroad line is a… • A rim on a rail that kept the wheels of locomotives and cars on the track was a… • A large boat used to carry people and cargo across a river is a… • A raft guided with an oar used to transport people and goods downstream is a…
Answer Key • Financier • Steamboat • Conestoga Wagon • Canal • Turnpike • Toll • Stagecoach
Ford • Navigable • Terminus • Flange • Ferry • Flatboat • Keelboat