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A Smart Growth Friendly Transportation System Steve Kinsey, Chair Metropolitan Transportation Commission Local Government Commission Conference June 27, 2003
San Francisco Bay Area counties Million people; almost 4 million jobs Municipalities Miles of highway Miles of local streets and roads Public transit operators What is the MTC region? 9 7 101 1,400 19,600 23
MTC’s Role in Transportation and Land Use • MTC • Is the MPO for transportation purposes • Serves the nine county Bay Area • Responsible for the RTP • Traditionally: • Transportation planning at the State or regional level, along with Federal policies. • MTC has served the mobility demands created by local land use decisions and the derived demand for transportation
Transportation 2030 • Beginning of an 18 month effort launched by MTC to write a new long-range plan to guide transportation and land use investments in the nine-county Bay Area • Began with full Saturday session • 500 participants at kick-off session • Internet participants • Will include extensive outreach, strong role by CMAs in each county, strong participation by our Citizens Advisory Council
Three Key Topics • New Investments and Prior Commitments • Goals, Policies and Projects • Transportation and Land Use
3. Transportation and Land Use • Should the approach to land use and transportation used in the 2001 Regional Transportation Plan remain basically unchanged in the Transportation 2030 Plan or would you propose that it be substantially modified?
Transportation and Land UsePolling the Public • Strong support for linking transportation and land use decisions in the region. • Strongest public support for MTC to provide incentives and rewards to support transit-friendly developments. • Support for changing the current system of land use and transportation planning. • Support for use of performance measures or standards to evaluate projects, while support for projects that are already committed.
Recent Livability Milestones • Local Transportation for Livable Communities (TLC) and Housing Incentives Program (HIP) • Regional coordination and operations projects • 511 Traveler Information, TransLink®, Regional Bicycle Plan, Pedestrian Safety Summit, Safe Routes to Schools • Regional Agencies Smart Growth Vision
Transportation and Land Use Challenges and Next Steps • Smart Growth in the RTP • TLC/HIP • Smart Growth in the forecasts and performance measures • Connecting with local elected officials, communities, and transit agencies
Overview of TLC Program • Purpose • Link transportation investments with land-use decisions • Forge partnerships with a diversity of community stakeholders • Create transit-, bicycle-, and pedestrian-oriented projects • Support livable communities Stockton Street in San Francisco’s Chinatown
TLC/HIP Challenges • Program Evaluation of TLC • Have we accomplished our goals? • What can we learn from our experience? • What should we do differently? • Tripling TLC funding – from $9 million to $27 million • 2001 RTP commits $420 million to TLC/HIP over 25 years) • Local subvention of $9 million per year to nine counties. • How do we coordinate between regional and county programs? • How will the counties craft their TLC/HIP programs? • Should we expand TLC to include grants for specific plans, zoning and general plan amendments that support smart growth and TODs?
New multi-family housing in the east Bay Area New multi-family housing in the east Bay Area Housing at the proposed Dublin Transit Center Housing at the proposed Dublin Transit Center Housing Incentive Program • HIP grants awarded to local agencies that plan and build compact, transit-oriented housing • Proposed housing must be within 1/3 mile of major transit station with service intervals of 15 minutes or less during peak commute times • Number of units per acre determines total grant award: • 25 units/acre: $1000 per bedroom • 40 units/acre: $1,500 per bedroom • 60 units/acre: $2,000 per bedroom • HIP funds are spent on TLC capital projects anywhere within the applicant’s jurisdiction • Grant Cycle: $9 million in federal STP, CMAQ, and TEA funds available for programming per cycle * Additional $500 per bedroom awarded to affordable units
Smart Growth in Forecasts • MTC will be using the Projections 2003 forecasts for analysis of the RTP • Projections 2003 will be used in corridor studies and alternatives analyses • Projections 2003 will be used in future county level forecasting – to be consistent with MTC
Smart Growth in Performance Measures • MTC is evaluating projects based on multi-modal performance measures • Smart growth objectives will be included in the performance evaluations • MTC Commission to determine appropriate use of smart growth objectives in evaluating projects after staff develops information
Smart Growth on the Ground • MTC is working with the CMAs and transit agencies to identify the best local opportunities for transit oriented development. • Focus will be on locations where there is significant local support for transit oriented development. • BART policies require transit supportive development around new stations.
3. Transportation Planning and Land Use Solutions(T-PLUS)
T-PLUS • MTC + CMAs • Transportation + Land Use Planning • An expanded partnership between MTC and CMAs to facilitate transportation and land use integrated planning • A connection with local agencies responsible for land use planning, also involving transit agencies • $150,000 per CMA for each of three years
T-PLUS work program • Overall policy direction is set regionally • Local flexibility in implementation – customized to conditions in nine counties • Three year program commitment • Annual review with MTC on progress and direction for next year
T-PLUS work program • Work focuses on: • TLC/HIP programs – local program • Smart growth at the county level • Transit oriented development at locations with growing transit services (Res. 3434) • Traffic mitigation programs
Resolution No. 3434 Map of Projects
We are using the RTP development process in the Bay Area to knit together the regional smart growth vision, countywide initiatives, and local implementation of transit oriented developments to bring us together along the path of a smart growth friendly transportation system.