KENYA OF EAST AFRICA By: Aaron Atkinson April Turner Gina Jackson
KENYA • Kenya is a cultural microcosm of the larger continent of Africa. • There are more than 40 Ethnic groups in Kenya where national identity is second to ethnic identity. • Population is almost exclusively of African descent, although there are small but influential minorities of Asians, Indians and Europeans.
GEOGRAPHY / POPULATION • Land:Area: 582,646 km2. Capital and largest city: Nairobi Estimated population: 2,804,900. • People:Population: 3.5 million; density: 45 persons per km2. Distribution: 39% urban, 61% rural. Annual growth: 4.7%..
POPULATION • The population ofKenyais approximately 25 million and boasts a growth rate of 3.8%, one of the highest in the world. • Migrations into today'sKenyatook place over many centuries, long before the arrival of the Europeans, and can be identified by three distinct waves: the agriculturally orientedBantus, the pastoralCushiticspeakers, and the pastoral-agriculturalNilotes.
THE KENYAN FLAG • The black represents the people of Kenya. • The red represents the blood. • The green represents the natural wealth. • The white represents peace. • The Masai shield and spears represents the defense of freedom.
COAT OF ARMS Motto: Harambee (Swahili: Let us pull together) Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu ( Oh God of all creation)
THE GOVERNMENT Republic of Kenya • Kenya became independent Dec. 12, 1963 from United Kingdom. Constitution • Makes provision for citizenship • Protection of fundamental rights and freedom of individual • The President, the Cabinet, and the Parliament • The Judiciary and Courts • The Judicial and Public Service Commission • The Safeguarding of Trust Land
KENYA’S MILITARY • Military Branches • Army, Navy, Air Force • Manpower availability • Males ages 15-49 • 8,096,142 (2003 est.) • Fit for military service • Males ages 15-49 • 5,017,501 (2003 est.) • Military expenditures • 185.2 million (FY02)
Kenya has 3 major religions. 38% Protestant 28% Roman Catholic 6% Muslim The remaining are followers of various traditional religions. Most of the Christian population live in western& central Kenya Muslims live in eastern Kenya The religions are outcome of the missionary activities. Kenya has integrated colonial and traditional beliefs together. RELIGION
Education • 1846 Church Missionary Society started the formal education in Kenya. • The purpose was to promote evangelism. • As education developed it became an instrument to produce skilled labors.
EDUCATION • 1985 the government introduced the 8-4-4 system. The system contains the primary, secondary, and post secondary/ university education system. • Purpose was to meet the increasing demands of the economically, technically, and professionally qualified personnel. • Today more than 6 million Kenyans are enrolled in various educational institutions. • Adult literacy rate • Males 60% • Females 40%
Pre-primary system Ages 1-6 Government collaborated with the Van Leer Foundation. They established the Early Childhood Education based on KIE (Kenya institute of education) they trained the trainers of pre-school teachers. Today there are 18 the goal is to have one in each district. 1990 800,00 children attended pre-school 20,000 teachers Primary system Age 6 and runs for 8 years. Purpose to prepare children to participate fully in social, political, and economic well being. Designed to provide a more functional and practical education to cater to the needs of those who finish their education at the primary level and those who want to go on to the secondary level. 1990 – over 14,690 primary schools 5 million children attend 200,000 teachers EDUCATION
EDUCATION • Secondary system • Starts age 14 and runs for 4 years. • Geared towards completing and proceeding to higher education. • Purpose to help them be Job-oriented . • Today there are 3,000 secondary schools • 602,000 students • Over 40% are girls
ECONOMY • Kenya's economy is heavily dependent on agriculture.
ECONOMY • Currency: 1 Kenya shilling = 100 cents. • Principal trade partners - United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, France, Netherlands.
ECONOMY • Economy:GNP est.: $9.5 billion; $360 per capita. Labor distribution: agriculture - 17%; manufacturing - 15%; construction - 8%; public utilities - 5%, transport and communications - 8%, trade - 8%; finance - 7%, public administration, defense and services - 45%.
INDUSTRY • small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism
TOURISM • The tourist industry is by far the largest single export earner in Kenya. • Tourism forms a vital foundation for the country's economy and is highlights two of Kenya's most unique features: wildlife and beaches.
PEOPLE Kikuyu Luos Kalenjini Abaluyia Kamba Mijikenda The Largest The Wealthiest Kikuyu Absluyia (Luyia) Luos Kalenjini Kamba Mijikenda
...more about Kenyans 4 primary sub-groups Primary:Masai(Southern Region) Samburu(Central Region) Turkana(Northwest Region) Luo(Western Region)
LANGUAGE • Kenyans speak a variety of languages although English is the dominant tongue in towns and throughout the tourist industry. • Swahili is the national language.
COMMUNICATION • Railroads: 3,733 km total. • Roads: 94,700 km total. • Major ports: 2 Major airfields: 2
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