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The Presidency of Andrew Jackson PowerPoint Presentation
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The Presidency of Andrew Jackson

The Presidency of Andrew Jackson

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The Presidency of Andrew Jackson

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  1. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson and the Common Man? Indian Removal Nullification

  2. The Real Andrew Jackson • Born in 1767 in South Carolina, self-made lawyer, legislator and slave owner

  3. The Real Andrew Jackson • Born in 1767 in South Carolina, self-made lawyer, legislator and slave owner • National hero at the Battle of New Orleans

  4. The Real Andrew Jackson • Born in 1767 in South Carolina, self-made lawyer, legislator and slave owner • National hero at the Battle of New Orleans • Removed Creek Indians from Tennessee, fought against Seminole Indians in Florida • 7th President, 1828-1837

  5. The Battle of New Orleans

  6. The Spoils System • Spoils system - rewarding political supporters with government jobs

  7. The Spoils System • Spoils system - rewarding political supporters with government jobs • Jackson believes that changing government workers is a good thing

  8. The Spoils System • Spoils system - rewarding political supporters with government jobs • Jackson believes that changing government workers is a good thing • He believes that ordinary citizens can do government jobs

  9. Racism Towards Indians • Americans had a history of violating treaties and forcibly removing Indians from their land

  10. Racism Towards Indians • Americans had a history of violating treaties and forcibly removing Indians from their land • A growing number of Americans view Indians as an inferior who blocked progress

  11. The Cherokee • Developed their alphabet and published a bilingual newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix • George Gist creator of Cherokee alphabet. • Some were wealthy planters who owned slaves and made their living from cotton They even adopted American racism towards blacks!

  12. Why Georgia? • Georgia is desired because it posses fertile soil and it the next area of expansion

  13. Why Georgia? • Georgia is desired because it posses fertile soil and it the next area of expansion • Gold is discovered in 1828 in Georgia over 10,000 Anglos rush to Georgia

  14. Why Georgia? • Georgia is desired because it posses fertile soil and it the next area of expansion • Gold is discovered in 1828 in Georgia over 10,000 Anglos rush to Georgia • Land lotteries of Cherokee land take place even though Cherokees live there

  15. Georgia and Indian Removal • Cherokees have legal proof that Georgia has recognized them an independent nation

  16. Georgia and Indian Removal • Cherokees have legal proof that Georgia has recognized them an independent nation • Georgia will pass laws that state Cherokee land is actually Georgia’s land

  17. Georgia and Indian Removal • Cherokees have legal proof that Georgia has recognized them an independent nation • Georgia will pass laws that state Cherokee land is actually Georgia’s land • Jackson will send Federal troops who will be used to subdue some of the tribes

  18. The Trail of Tears

  19. The Indian Removal Act, 1830 • Indian Removal Act - offers Native Americans new lands west of Mississippi in return for their land in the southeastern states

  20. The Indian Removal Act, 1830 • Indian Removal Act - offers Native Americans new lands west of Mississippi in return for their land in the southeastern states • Some Cherokees accept the offer and sell their land while other Cherokee tribes refuse

  21. The Indian Removal Act, 1830 • Indian Removal Act - offers Native Americans new lands west of Mississippi in return for their land in the southeastern states • Some Cherokees accept the offer and sell their land while other Cherokee tribes refuse • Many Americans view Native Americans as blocking advancement of civilization

  22. Worchester v. Georgia, 1832 • The Supreme Court under John Marshall ruled that Georgia could not remove the Cherokee from their land because they were a recognized nation with their own recognized boundaries

  23. Worchester v. Georgia, 1832 • The Supreme Court under John Marshall ruled that Georgia could not remove the Cherokee from their land because they were a recognized nation with their own recognized boundaries • Jackson does not follow the Supreme Court ruling and sides with the state of Georgia, he is strongly supported by the planter elite

  24. Worchester v. Georgia, 1832 • The Supreme Court under John Marshall ruled that Georgia could not remove the Cherokee from their land because they were a recognized nation with their own recognized boundaries • Jackson does not follow the Supreme Court ruling and sides with the state of Georgia, he is strongly supported by the planter elite • 15,000 Indians will be forced from their homes, 4,000 will die because of the move

  25. The Trail of Tears • The Cherokee were removed from the Southeastern states to territory in Oklahoma in 1838

  26. The Trail of Tears • The Cherokee were removed from the Southeastern states to territory in Oklahoma in 1838 • U.S. Army forcibly removed them from their homes just before winter. The Cherokee believed that their legal victory would protect them from being removed from their land.

  27. The Trail of Tears • The Cherokee were removed from the Southeastern states to territory in Oklahoma in 1838 • U.S. Army forcibly removed them from their homes just before winter. The Cherokee believed that their legal victory would protect them from being removed from their land. • Thousands die due to not being prepared for trip

  28. The Trail of Tears • The Cherokee were removed from the Southeastern states to territory in Oklahoma in 1838 • U.S. Army forcibly removed them from their homes just before winter. The Cherokee believed that their legal victory would protect them from being removed from their land. • Thousands die due to not being prepared for trip • Trail is 1,200 miles long traveled by foot

  29. The Trail of Tears