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Iran Chapter 18, Section 4 TB 450-453 6 th Social Studies Mrs. Coldiron PowerPoint Presentation
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Iran Chapter 18, Section 4 TB 450-453 6 th Social Studies Mrs. Coldiron. Persian Empire. Ruled the region around present day Iran. Center of art and learning Known for its spectacular paintings, carpets, metalwork, and architecture. The empire was conquered by Muslim empires.

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slide1

Iran

Chapter 18, Section 4

TB 450-453

6th Social Studies

Mrs. Coldiron

slide2

Persian Empire

  • Ruled the region around present day Iran.
  • Center of art and learning
  • Known for its spectacular paintings, carpets,
  • metalwork, and architecture.
  • The empire was conquered by Muslim empires.
  • Persian were converted to Islam
  • Beautiful mosques with color tiles and large
  • domes were built
slide3

The Shah

  • In 1921, an Iranian military officer
  • took over Iran’s government.
  • He claimed to be the old Persian title of shah, or king
  • The shah became an ally of the
  • United States and Great Britain
  • Tried to modernize Iran
  • This attempt to modernize Iran was
  • unpopular with many Iranian.
slide4

THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION

THE SHAH OF IRAN

  • RULED IRAN OVER 20 YEARS
  • FRIEND OF THE US
  • WESTERNIZED IRAN
  • BECAME UNPOPULAR –
  • MOST IRANIANS ARE MUSLIMS – SOUGHT AN ISLAMIC-BASED SOCIETY
slide5

1979 – THE

SHAH IS

OVERTHROWN

THUS BEGAN

THE IRANIAN

REVOLUTION

NEW LEADER COMES TO POWER-

HIS NAME - AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI

slide6

IslamicRevolution

  • In 1978, Iranian began a revolution
  • Within a year Iranians overthrew the shah
  • Set up an Islamic republic – following a strict Islamic law
  • Relations with the United States broke down
  • A group of students attacked the
  • U.S. Embassy in Tehran
  • (Iran’s captial)
  • Took 50 Americans hostage holding them captive for over a
  • year
slide7

Iran Today

  • More than half of all Iranians are Persian
  • Speak Farsi, the Persian language.
  • Iran has a population of 68 million
  • Over 35 million Iranians are younger than 25 years old.
  • Ethnically diverse – Persians, Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Arabs,
  • and Turks
  • Most Iranians are Shia Muslims (10 % are Sunni
  • Mulsims)
  • The rest of Iran’s people practice Christianity, Judaism
  • and other religions.
slide8

Economy and Government

  • Huge oil reserves make Iran a wealthy
  • country
  • Production of carpets also contributes to
  • Iran’s economy
  • Iran’s government is a known as a
  • theocracy- a government ruled by religious
  • leaders.
  • Ayatollahs, supreme leaders, are Iran’s
  • religious leaders
slide9

MahmoudAhmadinejad

  • Iranian president
  • Elected in 2005
  • Wants Iranians to
  • follow strict Islamic law
slide10

A Threat to World Security

  • Hard-Line Policies
  • Iran has called for the destruction
  • of Israel
  • Supported terrorist groups in
  • other countries
  • Development of nuclear weapons
  • The United States and other
  • nations see Iran’s nuclear program as a threat to world security.
slide11

Assignment

Section 4 Assessment

TB 453

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