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Language:. how we combine spoken\written words as we think and communicate. Language:. how we combine spoken\written words as we think and communicate. Warm up: Fill in the blanks __ __e __o__o__ __e__.

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slide1

Language:

how we combine spoken\written words as we think and communicate

slide2

Language:

how we combine spoken\written words as we think and communicate

Warm up: Fill in the blanks

__ __e __o__o__ __e__.

__e__ i __ a __o__u__a__ __o__o__ i__ __u__a__ __u__ __u__e. I__ __a__ __ __ __ __o__i__e __o__e, __o__e__, __a__ __e__, __o__a__ __ __, o__ a__ e__e__ __e__ __ __. I__ i__ a __o__o__ __o__ __ __ __i__ __ __a__ a__ __ __a__e__ __i__e‘__ __a__. I__ __a__ __e a “__e__ __e__ __e__ __a__” o__ __ou __a__ “__e i__ __ __e __e__.” __ __ea__i__ __ __e__ __a__ __oo__ __ __ou__ __o__ __i__e__ __e.

slide3

Warm up: Fill in the blanks

Th__ C__l__r R__d.

R__d __s __ p__p__l__r c__l__r __n h__m__n c__lt__r__. __t c__n symb__l__z__ l__v__, p__w__r, d__ng__r, r__y__lty, __r __n __m__rg__ncy. __t __s __ c__l__r f__r Chr__stm__s __nd V__l__nt__n__’s D__y. __t c__n b__ __ “r__d l__tt__r d__y” __r y__ __ c__n “b__ __n th__ r__d.” W__ __r__ng r__d c__n b__ __st y__ __r c__nf__d__nc__.

slide4

Warm up: Fill in the blanks

The Color Red.

Red is a popular color in human culture. It can symbolize love, power, danger, royalty, or an emergency. It is a color for Christmas and Velntine’s Day. It can be a “red letter day” or your can “be in the red.” Wearing red can boost your confidence.

slide7

Phonemes

Morphemes

Language: Structure

smallest distinctive sound unit in language

ex: ch (chug) vs th (thug)

  • Example:
  • how many phonemes and morphemes are in the word “cats”
          • Phonemes: Morphemes:

4: C, A, T, S

2: CAT, S

smallest unit of language that carries meaning

ex: prefixes (pre-) or suffixes (-ed)

slide8

Grammar

system of rules that allows us to understand one another

Semantics

ex:

Syntax

ex:

rules we use to order words into sentences

rules to derive meaning from morphenes, words, sentences

adding -ed to laugh means that it happened in the past

adjectives before nouns: White House instead of Casa Blanca

slide9

gun

The spy sees the police officer with the ______________

The spy sees the police officer with the _______________

binoculars

slide11

4 months

10 months

Language: Development

Stage 1: Babbling

1

2

3

Babbling: random noises of all languages - can hear differences between noises

4

5

6

7

8

babbling shifts towards native language - only uses sounds that baby hears

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQ64R0KKssc

9

10

11

slide13

11

Stage 2: One word

12

12 months

13

14

Over Extension

Under Extension

15

16

18 months

17

18

Whole Object Constraint

19

first word - one word means a sentence

word concept is too broad

word concept is too narrow

word explosion - 20 per week

assumption that word applies to entire object, rather than quality or part

slide15

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

Stage 3: Two Word (telegraphic)

24 months

follows rules of syntax

slide18

Skinner

Operant Learning

association:

Imitation:

reinforcement:

Chomsky

Inborn Universal Grammar

language acquisition device:

Universal grammar:

Language: Acquisition Theories

language development is all about simple learning principles

Given adequate nurture, language develops naturally

our brain is designed to acquire language

sights of things = sounds of words

your word use = word use of others

all languages have same building blocks

smiles and hugs = use those words again!

slide19

Language: Acquisition Theories

Statistical Learning and Critical Periods

Critical Periods:

childhood is designed to master language

age 3 - deadline to start learning language without penalty

age 7 - lose ability to master ANY language

age 9 - learning second language will have accent

slide21

Whorf’s Linguistic Determinism Hypothesis

Immersion Programs

Visualization

Language and Thinking

language imposses different conceptions of reality