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Albania PowerPoint Presentation

Albania

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Albania

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  1. Albania • Land-of-Eagles

  2. Language • Official Language: Albanian • Dialects: Gheg & Tosk • 36 letters in Albanian alphabet • Albanian is an Indo-European language, but one without relatives

  3. Language

  4. Language • Distribution of Dialects

  5. Language

  6. Religion • Major Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10% • Religion not a big factor • 1119 churches • 638 mosques

  7. Education • High literacy rate • Similarities and Differences • Leaving Certificate • Maturity Certificate • Higher Education

  8. Economy • Average wages were $3.83 per manhour in 2009. • In 2009, Albania was the only country in Europe, together with San Marino and Liechtenstein, to have economic growth • 20% of the labor force works abroad • Unemployment 13.3% (2010)

  9. Economy • Energy Production limits growth • Hydroelectric: 97% Fossil Fuel: 3% • In 2008, vast and untouched deposits of oil & natural gas were discovered in northern Albania.

  10. Economy • Agriculture Products: wheat, maize, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products • 50% of the labor force work in agriculture, mostly family owned farms

  11. Economy • 1 US dollar = 106.86 Albanian Lekes (April 2012)

  12. Geography • Illyrians 1200 BCE (proto-Albanians) • 5 million Ethnic Albanians

  13. Geography • The Balkan region is a triangular peninsula • Black, Aegean, Mediterranean and Adriatic Seas • Danube Valley of Hungary • Steppes of Ukraine

  14. Geography • Rivers and Mountains

  15. Geography • Rivers and Mountains

  16. History • Timeline of Albanian History

  17. Modern History • Albania & Kosovo as part of Yugoslavia after World War II • Albania & Kosovo during the Slobodan Milosevic’s regime • People entered refugee camps in the neighboring countries.

  18. Kosovo • Is Kosovo a part of Albania? • Is Kosovo a part of Serbia? • Are Kosovars also descendant from Illyrians (proto-Albanians in the area since 1200 BCE)? • Who lived in Kosovo first, Illyrians or Serbs? • 1.7 million Albanians live in Kosovo, a majority population. • What is the significance of Kosovo?

  19. Culture • Major Ethnic Groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% - Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian. • Law-Besa, an Albanian takes both his honor and his life. • Greetings, Personal Space & Touching, Views of Time, Gender Issues, Gestures, Law & Order, Dress, School, Socializing, Foreigners

  20. Notable People • Mother Teresa- Humanist • Skenderbeu- Prince of Albania "I have not brought you liberty, I found it here, among you” • EnverHoxha -Dictator. • Ibrahim Rugova- Leader and publicist.

  21. Holidays • April 7st Easter day • Ramadan. • March 8th Mothers day. • May 1st Labor day. • Christmas Day • New Year's Day • November 28TH Albanian independency • February 17th Kosovo independency