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Albania - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Albania. Land-of-Eagles. Language. Official Language: Albanian Dialects: Gheg & Tosk 36 letters in Albanian alphabet Albanian is an Indo-European language, but one without relatives. Language. Language. Distribution of Dialects. Language. Religion.

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albania
Albania
  • Land-of-Eagles
language
Language
  • Official Language: Albanian
  • Dialects: Gheg & Tosk
  • 36 letters in Albanian alphabet
  • Albanian is an Indo-European language, but one without relatives
language2
Language
  • Distribution of Dialects
religion
Religion
  • Major Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%
  • Religion not a big factor
  • 1119 churches
  • 638 mosques
education
Education
  • High literacy rate
  • Similarities and Differences
  • Leaving Certificate
  • Maturity Certificate
  • Higher Education
economy
Economy
  • Average wages were $3.83 per manhour in 2009.
  • In 2009, Albania was the only country in Europe, together with San Marino and Liechtenstein, to have economic growth
  • 20% of the labor force works abroad
  • Unemployment 13.3% (2010)
economy1
Economy
  • Energy Production limits growth
  • Hydroelectric: 97% Fossil Fuel: 3%
  • In 2008, vast and untouched deposits of oil & natural gas were discovered in northern Albania.
economy2
Economy
  • Agriculture Products: wheat, maize, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products
  • 50% of the labor force work in agriculture, mostly family owned farms
economy3
Economy
  • 1 US dollar = 106.86 Albanian Lekes (April 2012)
geography
Geography
  • Illyrians 1200 BCE (proto-Albanians)
  • 5 million Ethnic Albanians
geography1
Geography
  • The Balkan region is a triangular peninsula
  • Black, Aegean, Mediterranean and Adriatic Seas
  • Danube Valley of Hungary
  • Steppes of Ukraine
geography2
Geography
  • Rivers and Mountains
geography3
Geography
  • Rivers and Mountains
history
History
  • Timeline of Albanian History
modern history
Modern History
  • Albania & Kosovo as part of Yugoslavia after World War II
  • Albania & Kosovo during the Slobodan Milosevic’s regime
  • People entered refugee camps in the neighboring countries.
kosovo
Kosovo
  • Is Kosovo a part of Albania?
  • Is Kosovo a part of Serbia?
  • Are Kosovars also descendant from Illyrians (proto-Albanians in the area since 1200 BCE)?
  • Who lived in Kosovo first, Illyrians or Serbs?
  • 1.7 million Albanians live in Kosovo, a majority population.
  • What is the significance of Kosovo?
culture
Culture
  • Major Ethnic Groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% - Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian.
  • Law-Besa, an Albanian takes both his honor and his life.
  • Greetings, Personal Space & Touching, Views of Time, Gender Issues, Gestures, Law & Order, Dress, School, Socializing, Foreigners
notable people
Notable People
  • Mother Teresa- Humanist
  • Skenderbeu- Prince of Albania

"I have not brought you liberty, I found it here, among you”

  • EnverHoxha -Dictator.
  • Ibrahim Rugova- Leader and publicist.
holidays
Holidays
  • April 7st Easter day
  • Ramadan.
  • March 8th Mothers day.
  • May 1st Labor day.
  • Christmas Day
  • New Year's Day
  • November 28TH Albanian independency
  • February 17th Kosovo independency