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Rome and Christianity : From Republic to Empire. Key Terms: Cicero Julius Caesar Pompey Marc Antony Augustus Pax Romana Aqueduct Romance Languages Civil Law. Get Caught Up…. After civil war, Rome was a dangerous place.

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rome and christianity from republic to empire
Rome and Christianity :From Republic to Empire

Key Terms:

Cicero

Julius Caesar

Pompey

Marc Antony

Augustus

Pax Romana

Aqueduct

Romance Languages

Civil Law

get caught up
Get Caught Up…
  • After civil war, Rome was a dangerous place.
  • Everyone was trying to decide who the best leaders would be and who to support.
  • Julius Caesar, a powerful general in the Roman army, gained many followers.
  • The senate thought he had too many followers, so they killed him on the Ides of March, or March 15th.
  • Caesar’s friends, Marc Antony and Octavian, took power after Caesar was murdered and promised to avenge his death.
  • They did so but couldn’t get along after Antony divorced his wife, Octavian’s sister.
  • Octavian forced Antony to kill himself and gained absolute power.
rome becomes an empire

During Pax Romana,

Rome was in excellent

shape! Trade, new currency,

and a stable government

helped Rome prosper.

Rome Becomes an Empire
  • After Octavian, now named Augustus, gained power, Rome became an empire.
  • The first 200 years of the empire were called Pax Romana, or Roman peace.

An empire is a land with different people and territories under one single ruler.

rome s accomplishments
Rome’s Accomplishments
  • Romans studied things that would help them live better lives.
  • They studied the stars to produce a calendar.
  • They studied plants and animals to learn how to grow them larger and provide more food.
rome s accomplishments1
Rome’s Accomplishments
  • Galen, a Roman doctor, studied the human heart and how it works.
  • They used the first cement material.
  • They built roads in layers making them so durable that are still around today.
rome s accomplishments2

Many Roman

bridges and

aqueducts still

stand today.

Rome’s Accomplishments
  • Romans also mastered the art of building strong, durable bridges by building them with arches.
  • These strong arches showed their understanding of engineering.
  • They also built aqueducts, or raised waterways that carry water from mountains to valleys.
architecture and literature
Architecture and Literature
  • Romans stole many ideas from the Greeks.
  • Romans were able to build larger structures than the Greeks because of engineering.
romance languages
Romance Languages

Italian, French,

Spanish, Portuguese,

and Romanian are Romance

languages that developed

from Latin.

  • Because Rome was an empire, many languages were spoken in its territories.
  • Latin was the most important of those languages.
  • People wrote, conducted business, and kept records in Latin.

English words

like veto and

circus are

from Latin.

recapitulate
Recapitulate

Summarize

KEY POINTS

Recapitulate