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Chapter 3: Geography. Ms. Bartolome. Tuesday, April 25. Importance of Place. Geographers use five organizing principles to help them gather, organize, and analyze their information. Places have a location . Importance of Place. Five organizing principles of Geography…

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chapter 3 geography
Chapter 3: Geography

Ms. Bartolome

Tuesday, April 25

importance of place
Importance of Place
  • Geographers use five organizing principles to help them gather, organize, and analyze their information.
    • Places have a location.
importance of place1
Importance of Place
  • Five organizing principles of Geography…

2. Places have physical and cultural characteristics.

importance of place2
Importance of Place
  • Five organizing principles of Geography…

3. Places change.

importance of place3
Importance of Place
  • Five organizing principles of Geography…

4. Places interact with other places.

importance of place4
Importance of Place
  • Five organizing principles of Geography…

5.Places are in regions

physical regions of western canada
Physical Regions of Western Canada
  • Regions divided by differences in Earth’s landscape
    • Geological features
    • Landforms
    • Climate conditions

1. Canadian Shield

2. Interior Plains

3. Western Mountains

physical regions of western canada1
Physical Regions of Western Canada
  • The Canadian Shield

It stretches from the Arctic islands

around Hudson Bay to the Adirondack

Mountains in the US, and east across Labrador.

Shields = Large masses of rock,

which are the oldest parts of the Earth.

At one point in time the shield was a volcanic mountain range as high as the Himalayas.

physical regions of western canada2
Physical Regions of Western Canada
  • The Canadian Shield

Over millions of years it has been weathered

and eroded down to a landscape of exposed

rocks and lakes.

Original make up of the shield was igneous

rock, but this has changed by heat/pressure

making it into metamorphic rock.

-making the shield a vast storehouse of mineral

ie. copper, gold, lead, and nickel

As a result of the exposed rock, agriculture

and large scale settlement have been

difficult on the shield.

physical regions of western canada3
Physical Regions of Western Canada
  • The Interior Plains

The Interior Plains stretches from the Canadian Shield to the Rocky Mountains.

The plains have been formed as eroded material from the shield was deposited in layers (horizontal layers are made up of sedimentary rock).

Millions of years ago when there was a tropical

climate in the area, and water covered some of it,

occasional flooding left deposits of plants and animals

-fossil fuels (ie. oil, natural gas, potash)

-formed by being compressed between sedimentary

layers of rock

physical regions of western canada4
Physical Regions of Western Canada
  • The Western Mountains

Made up of parallel mountain ranges

that are separated by a series of plateaus

and valleys.

Rockies and the Coastal Mountains, along

with the interior Plateau, were formed when

plate collision caused the Earth’s crust to

buckle lifting sections into the air.

Sediments carried away by the rivers formed

the rich “Fraser River Valley”

-rich in minerals

ie. copper, gold, molybdenum, coal

mapping the physical regions
Mapping the Physical Regions
  • On your map…
    • draw the 3 physical regions of Western Canada
    • color each region a different color
    • include an appropriate title
    • include a legend that indicates the region names and the related color
    • include a North arrow facing the proper direction
    • include your name
  • Your map will be graded according to inclusion of the required elements, accuracy, and neatness.