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Sustainable Development of Transportation Infrastructure in Tianjin 天津交通设施的可持续发展 -- Wei Zhu (祝为) Graduate Student (研究生) Transportation Engineering (交通工程系) U. C. Berkeley (加洲大学伯克利分校) Tianjin’s Social and Economic Role in China 天津在中国的社会及经济地位

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sustainable development of transportation infrastructure in tianjin

Sustainable Development of Transportation Infrastructure in Tianjin天津交通设施的可持续发展

-- Wei Zhu(祝为)

Graduate Student (研究生)

Transportation Engineering(交通工程系)

U. C. Berkeley(加洲大学伯克利分校)

tianjin s social and economic role in china
Tianjin’s Social and Economic Role in China天津在中国的社会及经济地位
  • 2005 年天津的国民生产总值为 3665亿人民币,人均产值为3400美元。在过去的12年中,天津年平均增长率为12.6%。
  • 支柱产业:电子信息,汽车,生化,石化,机械,纺织等。
  • The nominal GDP for Tianjin was 366.5 billion RMB in 2004, and per capita was 3400 USD. Tianjin gained a growth rate of 12.6%/year for the past 12 years.
  • Major industries include: electronics, car manufacturing, pharmaceutical, mechanical industries, and petrochemical industries.
existing transportation infrastructure in tianjin
Existing Transportation Infrastructure in Tianjin天津现有的交通设施
  • Roads and Expressways:
  •  ring roads:
  • ·Inner Ring Road (neihuan)
  • ·Middle Ring Road (zhonghuan)
  • ·Outer Ring Road (waihuan)
  •  express ways:
  • · Jingjintang Expressway
  • · Jinghu Expressway·
  • Jingshen Expressway
  • · Tangjin Expressway
  • · Baojin Expressway
  • · Jinbin Expressway
  • · Jinji Expressway
  •  national highways:
  • · China National Highway 102,
  • · China National Highway 103,
  • · China National Highway 104,
  • · China National Highway 105,
  • · China National Highway 112,
  • · China National Highway 205,
  • Public transit:
  •  The Tianjin bus network
  • Tianjin Metro
  • The LRT Binhai Line

普通及高速公路:

--〉环线公路:内环,中环,外环。

--〉高速公路:京津塘、京沪、京深、唐津、宝 津、津滨、津蓟。

--〉国道: 102, 103, 104, 105, 112, 205。

公交系统:

--〉公共汽车网

--〉地铁

塘沽轻轨线

strong correlation between gdp and vehicles ownership
Strong correlation between GDP and vehicles ownership国民生产值与汽车拥有率的关联

随着中国国民生产值的迅猛发展,汽车需求量因受人均产值的影响将有急速的增长。

government is encouraging auto ownership
Government is Encouraging Auto Ownership政府鼓励私人拥有汽车
  • 中国的第八个五年计划将汽车工业列为支柱性工业。
  • 中国的第十个五年计划提出:
    • 将中国家庭用车的价格降低至可以鼓励大批量销售。
    • 鼓励低息汽车贷款。
  • China’s 8th 5 Year Plan (1991)
    • Declares the automobile industry a “pillar” industry
  • China’s 10th 5 Year Plan (2001)
    • Goal: produce a Chinese family car at a price that would encourage mass consumption
    • Encouraging low interest auto loans
increasing vehicles ownership leads to exponential growth in highway demand
Increasing vehicles ownership leads to exponential growth in highway demand汽车拥有量的持续增长导致公路需求量的几何性增长

中国高速公路长度

measuring transportation

Traffic

(交通性)

  • Mobility

(流动性)

  • Accessibility

(可及性)

Measuring Transportation交通运输的评估

Litman,T. Chennai: Automobility or Accessibility, 14 Mar 2006

measuring transportation8
Measuring Transportation(交通运输的评估)
  • Vehicle-mile  traffic (车辆-公里 交通性)
  • Passenger-mile mobility (乘客-公里 流通性)
  • Travel time access (旅行时间 可及性)
  • Generalized costs (time and money costs) access (通用价值 可及性)

Litman,T. Chennai: Automobility or Accessibility, 14 Mar 2006

impact 1 land use 1
Impact 1: Land Use(影响之1:土地利用)

在甘肃省民勤县北端的青土湖,被沙子掩埋的螺壳说明这里曾经碧波荡漾(3月11日摄)。  

http://www.xinhuanet.com

impact 2 resource consumption 2
Impact 2: Resource Consumption(影响之2:资源消费)

Source: Natural Resources Defense Council, China’s Cities at a Crossroads: The Need for Smart Growth

impact 2 r esource consumption continued 2
Impact 2: Resource consumption – Continued(影响之2:资源消费 – 续)

Source: Energy Information Administration, International Energy Outlook 2004, Table A4, B4 and C4.

slide12

Impact 3: Pollution(影响之3:污染)

Source: Energy Information Administration (http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/archives/china/part2.html)

what is sustainable development
What is Sustainable Development?(什么是可持续发展呢?)

Definition:

Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

定义:

可持续发展是指既满足现代人的需求以不损害后代人满足需求的能力。

http://news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2002-08/21/content_533048.htm

recommendation 1 1
Recommendation -- 1(建议 -- 1)

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) implementation

智能运输系统的落实

recommendation 2 2
Recommendation -- 2(建议 -- 2)

Promote Transit Oriented Development (TOD)

倡议公交取向的发展 (欧洲模式)

recommendation 2 216
Recommendation -- 2(建议 -- 2)

London's Victoria Station. In addition to being the place where many of the train and tube lines make connections, the station is also a tourist attraction in itself.

伦敦的维多利娅火车站不仅仅是个交通枢纽,也是一个著名的旅游景点。

recommendation 3 3 improve non motorized transportation system
Recommendation – 3(建议 -- 3)Improve non-motorized transportation system改进非机动车辆的运输系统
recommendation 3 3
Recommendation – 3(建议 -- 3)

Place d’Youville, Montreal, Canada

Bismarckplatz, Germany

recommendation 3 319
Recommendation – 3(建议 -- 3)

Leiden, The Netherlands

Strasbourg, France

other recommendations
Other Recommendations(其它建议)

Popularize energy-efficient automobiles

节能汽车的普及

other recommendations21
Other Recommendations(其它建议)

Deploy Green Code on future transportation construction

绿色规范在未来运输业建筑的推广

Integrate community/urban development approach

从城区总体建设的角度发展

the end thank you q as
The End Thank you!--Q & As

谢谢各位的观摩,

请多提宝贵意见.