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Islamic Principles in the Management of an Organization: A Focus on Leading. Presented by Dr. Muhammad A. Al-Buraey Director Center for Economics & Management Systems Research Institute King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals. Leadership. Overview What is Leadership

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islamic principles in the management of an organization a focus on leading
Islamic Principles in the Management of an Organization:A Focus on Leading

Presented by

Dr. Muhammad A. Al-Buraey

Director

Center for Economics & Management Systems

Research Institute

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

leadership
Leadership
  • Overview
  • What is Leadership
  • Western Models of Leadership
  • Current Trends in Leadership
  • Power and Leadership
  • Islamic Perspective of Leadership Traits Reference from Surat An-Naml (27)
  • Characteristics for Effective Leadership
  • Posner and Kouzes Model
islamic perspective of leadership traits reference from surat an naml 27
Islamic Perspective of Leadership Traits Reference from Surat An-Naml (27)
  • Knowledge
  • Maintaining the Organizational Structure
  • Controlling
  • Research & Development
  • Communication
  • Staffing Through Self-Evaluation
  • Delegation
knowledge verse 15
KnowledgeVerse 15

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي فَضَّلَنَا عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ عِلْمًا وَقَالاَ

We gave (in the past) knowledge to David and Solomon: And they both said: "Praise be to God, Who has favored us above many of his servants who believe!"

knowledge verse 16
KnowledgeVerse 16

الْفَضْلُ عُلِّمْنَا مَنطِقَ الطَّيْرِ وَأُوتِينَا مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ وَوَرِثَ سُلَيْمَانُ دَاوُودَ وَقَالَ يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ الْمُبِينُ

And Solomon was David's heir. He said: "O ye people! We have been taught the speech of birds, and on us has been bestowed (a little) of all things: this is indeed Grace manifest (from God.)"

maintaining the organizational structure verse 17
Maintaining the Organizational Structure Verse 17

وَالطَّيْرِ فَهُمْ يُوزَعُونَ وَحُشِرَ لِسُلَيْمَانَ جُنُودُهُ مِنْ الْجِنِّ وَالإِنْسِ

And before Solomon were marshaled his hosts,- of Jinns and men and birds, and they were all kept in order and ranks.

slide7
18

سُلَيْمَانُ وَجُنُودُهُ وَهُمْ نَمْلَةٌ يَاأَيُّهَا النَّمْلُ ادْخُلُوا مَسَاكِنَكُمْ لاَ يَحْطِمَنَّكُمْ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَوْا عَلَى وَادِي النَّمْلِ قَالَتْ لاَ يَشْعُرُونَ

At length, when they came to a (lowly) valley of ants, one of the ants said: "O ye ants, get into your habitations, lest Solomon and his hosts crush you (under foot) without knowing it."

slide8
19

وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى فَتَبَسَّمَ ضَاحِكًا مِنْ قَوْلِهَا وَقَالَ رَبِّ عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَدْخِلْنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ فِي

So he smiled, amused at her speech; and he said: "O my Lord! so order me that I may be grateful for Thy favors, which thou hast bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may work the righteousness that will please Thee: And admit me, by Thy Grace, to the ranks of Thy righteous Servants."

controlling verse 20
Controlling Verse 20

الْهُدْهُدَ أَمْ كَانَ مِنْ الْغَائِبِينَ وَتَفَقَّدَ الطَّيْرَ فَقَالَ مَا لِي لاَ أَرَى

And he took a muster of the Birds; and he said: "Why is it I see not the Hoopoe? Or is he among the absentees?

controlling verse 21
Controlling Verse 21

أَوْ لَيَأْتِيَنِي بِسُلْطَانٍ مُبِينٍلَأُعَذِّبَنَّهُ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا أَوْ لَأَذْبَحَنَّهُ

"I will certainly punish him with a severe penalty, or execute him, unless he bring me a clear reason (for absence)."

research development verse 22
Research & Development Verse 22

بِهِ وَجِئْتُكَ مِنْ سَبَإٍ بِنَبَإٍ يَقِينٍ فَمَكَثَ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ فَقَالَ أَحَطتُ بِمَا لَمْ تُحِطْ

But the Hoopoe tarried not far: he (came up and) said: "I have compassed (territory) which thou hast not compassed, and I have come to thee from Saba with tidings true.

communication verse 23
Communication Verse 23

إِنِّي وَجَدتُّ امْرَأَةً تَمْلِكُهُمْ وَأُوتِيَتْ مِنْ ٌكُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَلَهَا عَرْشٌ عَظِيم

"I found (there) a woman ruling over them and provided with every requisite; and she has a magnificent throne.

communication verse 24
Communication Verse 24

فَهُمْ لاَاللَّهِ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ فَصَدَّهُمْ عَنْ السَّبِيل وَجَدْتُهَا وَقَوْمَهَا يَسْجُدُونَ لِلشَّمْسِ مِنْ دُونِ ِ يَهْتَدُونَ

"I found her and her people worshipping the sun besides God: Satan has made their deeds seem pleasing in their eyes, and has kept them away from the Path,- so they receive no guidance,-

communication verse 25
Communication Verse 25

السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تُخْفُونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ أَلاَّ يَسْجُدُوا لِلَّهِ الَّذِي يُخْرِجُ الْخَبْءَ فِي

"(Kept them away from the Path), that they should not worship God, Who brings to light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what ye hide and what ye reveal.

communication verse 26
Communication Verse 26

اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ

"God!- there is no god but He!- Lord of the Throne Supreme!"

communication verse 27
Communication Verse 27

قَالَ سَنَنظُرُ أَصَدَقْتَ أَمْ كُنتَ مِنْ الْكَاذِبِينَ

(Solomon) said: "Soon shall we see whether thou hast told the truth or lied!

communication verse 28
Communication Verse 28

اذْهَب بِكِتَابِي هَذَا فَأَلْقِهِ إِلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ َتَوَلَّ عَنْهُمْ فَانظُرْ مَاذَا يَرْجِعُون

"Go thou, with this letter of mine, and deliver it to them: then draw back from them, and (wait to) see what answer they return"...

communication verse 29
Communication Verse 29

قَالَتْ يَا أَيُّهَا المَلَأُ إِنِّي أُلْقِيَ إِلَيَّكِتَابٌ كَرِيمٌ

(The queen) said: "Ye chiefs! here is delivered to me - a letter worthy of respect.

communication verse 30
Communication Verse 30

إِنَّهُ مِنْ سُلَيْمَانَ وَإِنَّهُ بِاِسْمِ اللَّهِِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

"It is from Solomon, and is (as follows): 'In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful:

communication verse 31
Communication Verse 31

أَلاَّ تَعْلُوا عَلَيَّ وَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ

"'Be ye not arrogant against me, but come to me in submission (to the true Religion).'"

communication verse 32
Communication Verse 32

قَالَتْ يَاأَيُّهَا المَلَأُ أَفْتُونِي فِي أَمْرِي مَاِ كُنتُ قَاطِعَةً أَمْرًا حَتَّى تَشْهَدُون

She said: "Ye chiefs! advise me in (this) my affair: no affair have I decided except in your presence."

communication verse 33
Communication Verse 33

وَالأَمْرُ إِلَيْكِ فَانظُرِي مَاذَ تَأْمُرِين

قَالُوا نَحْنُ أُوْلُوا قُوَّةٍ وَأُولُوا بَأْسٍ شَدِيدٍ

They said: "We are endued with strength, and given to vehement war: but the command is with thee; so consider what thou wilt command."

communication verse 34
Communication Verse 34

أَفْسَدُوهَا وَجَعَلُوا أَعِزَّةَ أَهْلِهَا أَذِلَّةً وَكَذَلِكَ يَفْعَلُونَ قَالَتْ إِنَّ الْمُلُوكَ إِذَا دَخَلُوا قَرْيَةً

She said: "Kings, when they enter a country, despoil it, and make the noblest of its people its meanest thus do they behave.

communication verse 35
Communication Verse 35

بِمَ يَرْجِعُ الْمُرْسَلُونَ وَإِنِّي مُرْسِلَةٌ إِلَيْهِمْ بِهَدِيَّةٍ فَنَاظِرَةٌ

"But I am going to send him a present, and (wait) to see with what (answer) return (my) ambassadors."

communication verse 36
Communication Verse 36

فَمَا آتَانِيَ اللَّهُ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا آتَاكُمْ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ بِهَدِيَّتِكُمْتَفْرَحُونَ

فَلَمَّا جَاءَ سُلَيْمَانَ قَالَ أَتُمِدُّونَنِ بِمَالٍ

Now when (the embassy) came to Solomon, he said: "Will ye give me abundance in wealth? But that which God has given me is better than that which He has given you! Nay it is ye who rejoice in your gift!

communication verse 37
Communication Verse 37

قِبَلَ لَهُمْ بِهَا وَلَنُخْرِجَنَّهُمْ مِنْهَا أَذِلَّةً وَهُمْ صَاغِرُونَ

ارْجِعْ إِلَيْهِمْ فَلَنَأْتِيَنَّهُمْ بِجُنُودٍ لاَ

"Go back to them, and be sure we shall come to them with such hosts as they will never be able to meet: We shall expel them from there in disgrace, and they will feel humbled (indeed)."

staffing through self evaluation verse 38
Staffing Through Self-Evaluation Verse 38

بِعَرْشِهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ

قَالَ يَاأَيُّهَا المَلَأُ أَيُّكُمْ يَأْتِينِي

He said (to his own men): "Ye chiefs! which of you can bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?"

staffing through self evaluation verse 39
Staffing Through Self-Evaluation Verse 39

تَقُومَ مِنْ مَقَامِكَ وَإِنِّي عَلَيْهِ لَقَوِيٌّ أَمِينٌ

قَالَ عِفْريتٌ مِنْ الْجِنِّ أَنَا آتِيكَ بِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ

Said an 'Ifrit, of the Jinns: "I will bring it to thee before thou rise from thy council: indeed I have full strength for the purpose, and may be trusted."

staffing through self evaluation verse 40
Staffing Through Self-Evaluation Verse 40

بِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَرْتَدَّ إِلَيْكَ طَرْفُكَ فَلَمَّا رَآهُ مُسْتَقِرًّاعِنْدَهُ قَالَ هَذَا مِنْ

قَالَ الَّذِي عِنْدَهُ عِلْمٌ مِنْ الْكِتَابِ أَنَا آتِيكَ

وَمَنْ شَكَرَ فَإِنَّمَا يَشْكُرُ لِنَفْسِهِ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ رَبِّيغَنِيٌّ كَرِيمٌ

فَضْلِ رَبِّي لِيَبْلُوَنِي أَأَشْكُرُ أَمْ أَكْفُرُ

staffing through self evaluation verse 40 continued
Staffing Through Self-Evaluation Verse 40 Continued…

Said one who had knowledge of the Book: "I will bring it to thee within the twinkling of an eye!" Then when (Solomon) saw it placed firmly before him, he said: "This is by the Grace of my Lord!- to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! and if any is grateful, truly his gratitude is (a gain) for his own soul; but if any is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Free of all Needs, Supreme in Honor !"

delegation verse 41
DelegationVerse 41

قَالَ نَكِّرُوا لَهَا عَرْشَهَا نَنظُرْ أَتَهْتَدِي أَمْتَكُونُ مِنْ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَهْتَدُونَ

He said: "Transform her throne out of all recognition by her: let us see whether she is guided (to the truth) or is one of those who receive no guidance."

delegation verse 42
DelegationVerse 42

كَأَنَّهُ هُوَ وَأُوتِينَا الْعِلْمَ مِنْ قَبْلِهَا وَكُنَّا مُسْلِمِينَ

فَلَمَّا جَاءَتْ قِيلَ أَهَكَذَا عَرْشُكِ قَالَتْ

So when she arrived, she was asked, "Is this thy throne?" She said, "It was just like this; and knowledge was bestowed on us in advance of this, and we have submitted to God (in Islam)."

delegation verse 43
DelegationVerse 43

وَصَدَّهَا مَا كَانَتْ تَعْبُدُ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِإِنَّهَا كَانَتْ مِنْ قَوْمٍ كَافِرِينَ

And he diverted her from the worship of others besides God: for she was (sprung) of a people that had no faith.

delegation verse 44
DelegationVerse 44

حَسِبَتْهُ لُجَّةً وَكَشَفَتْ عَنْ سَاقَيْهَا قَالَ إِنَّهُ صَرْحٌ مُمَرَّدٌمِنْ قَوَارِيرَ قَالَتْ

سُلَيْمَانَ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَقِيلَ لَهَا ادْخُلِي الصَّرْحَ فَلَمَّا رَأَتْهُ

رَبِّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي وَأَسْلَمْتُ مَعَ

delegation verse 44 continued
DelegationVerse 44 Continued…

She was asked to enter the lofty Palace: but when she saw it, she thought it was a lake of water, and she (tucked up her skirts), uncovering her legs. He said: "This is but a palace paved smooth with slabs of glass." She said: "O my Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul: I do (now) submit (in Islam), with Solomon, to the Lord of the Worlds."

characteristics for effective leadership
Characteristics for Effective Leadership
  • Strength of Character
  • Role Model
  • Equality and Impartiality
  • Kindness and Magnanimity
  • Integrity
characteristics for effective leadership37
Characteristics for Effective Leadership
  • Guidance
  • Consultation
  • Unselfishness
  • Competence
  • Intelligence and Wisdom
posner and kouzes model
Posner and Kouzes Model
  • Step 1. Challenging the Process
  • Step 2. Inspiring a Shared Vision
  • Step 3. Enabling Others to Act
  • Step 4. Modeling the Way
  • Step 5. Encouraging the Heart