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Failed States & Regional Conflicts Failed States in World Politics Failed States and Regional Instability Somalia (early 1990s) Warlordism & Humanitarian Crisis Refugee Crisis Tensions with Neighboring Nations Ethiopia Failed States and Democratic Setbacks Haiti (early to mid-1990s)

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failed states in world politics
Failed States in World Politics

Failed States and Regional Instability

  • Somalia (early 1990s)
    • Warlordism & Humanitarian Crisis
    • Refugee Crisis
    • Tensions with Neighboring Nations
      • Ethiopia

Failed States and Democratic Setbacks

  • Haiti (early to mid-1990s)
    • Political Instability, Economic Crisis
    • Refugee Crisis
    • Implications for the US
failed states in world politics3
Failed States in World Politics

Failed States and Global Instability

  • Taliban’s Afghanistan
    • Safe heaven for non-state terrorist groups
    • A base for international terrorist operations

Failed States and Global Economic Instability

  • International Debt Crisis (1980s)
  • Impact on the Bretton Woods System
failed states in us foreign policy
Failed States in US Foreign Policy

Precluding Failed States

  • Marshall Plan: A Success Story
    • Britain
    • France, Italy, West Germany
  • Truman Doctrine
    • Greece and TurkeySignificance:
    • Stabilizing post-WWII W Europe
    • Building confidence in US leadership
    • Consolidate pro-West regimes in S Europe
failed states in us foreign policy5
Failed States in US Foreign Policy

Precluding Failed States

  • China (1949)
    • Chiang Kaishek’s stepping down as ROC President
  • South Vietnam (1963)
    • Ngo Dinh Diem, Coup and Assassination
  • The Philippines (1986)
    • Ferdinand Marcos Fleeing the Country

Policy Implications:

    • Preventing Communist take-over
    • Preventing Communist revolution
failed states in us foreign policy6
Failed States in US Foreign Policy

Possible Failed States in the 21st Century

  • Iraq?
    • Will Iraqi democracy stand after US withdrawal?
    • What implications of a failed Iraqi state?
  • Afghanistan?
    • Will Taliban remnants submit?
  • North Korea?
    • What implications for US position in E Asia?
  • Myanmar
    • What implications for US if the military regime fails to hold the country together?
failed states us superpower position
Failed States & US Superpower Position

Questions:

  • What should be US policy with regard to failed states in general?
  • Is failed states US challenge or global challenge?
    • Unilateral US response ?
    • Multilateral global response?
  • Is US capable of unilateral response?