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Failed States & Regional Conflicts Failed States in World Politics Failed States and Regional Instability Somalia (early 1990s) Warlordism & Humanitarian Crisis Refugee Crisis Tensions with Neighboring Nations Ethiopia Failed States and Democratic Setbacks Haiti (early to mid-1990s)

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Failed States in World Politics

Failed States and Regional Instability

  • Somalia (early 1990s)

    • Warlordism & Humanitarian Crisis

    • Refugee Crisis

    • Tensions with Neighboring Nations

      • Ethiopia

        Failed States and Democratic Setbacks

  • Haiti (early to mid-1990s)

    • Political Instability, Economic Crisis

    • Refugee Crisis

    • Implications for the US


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Failed States in World Politics

Failed States and Global Instability

  • Taliban’s Afghanistan

    • Safe heaven for non-state terrorist groups

    • A base for international terrorist operations

      Failed States and Global Economic Instability

  • International Debt Crisis (1980s)

  • Impact on the Bretton Woods System


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Failed States in US Foreign Policy

Precluding Failed States

  • Marshall Plan: A Success Story

    • Britain

    • France, Italy, West Germany

  • Truman Doctrine

    • Greece and TurkeySignificance:

    • Stabilizing post-WWII W Europe

    • Building confidence in US leadership

    • Consolidate pro-West regimes in S Europe


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Failed States in US Foreign Policy

Precluding Failed States

  • China (1949)

    • Chiang Kaishek’s stepping down as ROC President

  • South Vietnam (1963)

    • Ngo Dinh Diem, Coup and Assassination

  • The Philippines (1986)

    • Ferdinand Marcos Fleeing the Country

      Policy Implications:

    • Preventing Communist take-over

    • Preventing Communist revolution


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Failed States in US Foreign Policy

Possible Failed States in the 21st Century

  • Iraq?

    • Will Iraqi democracy stand after US withdrawal?

    • What implications of a failed Iraqi state?

  • Afghanistan?

    • Will Taliban remnants submit?

  • North Korea?

    • What implications for US position in E Asia?

  • Myanmar

    • What implications for US if the military regime fails to hold the country together?


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Failed States & US Superpower Position

Questions:

  • What should be US policy with regard to failed states in general?

  • Is failed states US challenge or global challenge?

    • Unilateral US response ?

    • Multilateral global response?

  • Is US capable of unilateral response?


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