It was mainly confined to the northern states. It failed to develop into an all-India struggle. • Many sepoys remained loyal to the British and helped them crush the rebellion. (e.g. Sikhs and Rajputs)
Important rulers actively supported the British to crush the rebels. • Many sections supported British rule in India as their rule had proved beneficial for them.
The revolutionaries lacked organization and a common plan of action under a capable leader. • The rebels lacked resources, in terms of men and money.
The British had superior military organization and modern arms, whereas, the rebels fought with outdated weapons. • The leaders of the Revolt lacked experience, military skill and leadership qualities.
Another advantage enjoyed by the British was their control over the postal and telegraph system. This enabled them to communicate swiftly and take immediate action.