african elephant l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
African Elephant PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
African Elephant

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

African Elephant - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 429 Views
  • Uploaded on

African Elephant I would like to introduce the By: Amy Cunningham Description

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'African Elephant' - jana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
african elephant
African Elephant

I would like to introduce the

By: Amy Cunningham

description
Description

The African elephant male stands up to ten feet high to its shoulder, and weighs up to six tons. The female is slightly smaller, and weighs up to four tons. The average life span of an African elephant in the wild is 60 years.

Brain

Ears

Skin

Tusks

Hair

Teeth

Trunk

Feet

slide3
Ears

Did you know?

- The African elephant has ears that average at least three time the size of the Asian elephant

- Ears are used as signaling organs in the African elephant

- Ears are used to regulate body temperature

- Ears are used as a protective feature in the African elephant to ward off potential threats.

- Each elephant's ear is unique and is used as a a type of fingerprint for identification

brain
Brain

Did you know?

- The brain of the elephant is larger than any other land mammal and it is located in the back of the skull well away from the forehead.

- Elephants are born with 35% of the mass of the adult brain

- The elephant is among the more intelligent animals

- The brain weight of the bull African elephant is 4.2-5.4 kg

- The brain weight of the cow African elephant is 3.6-4.3 kg

- Brain development in elephants is similar to that of humans

tusks
Tusks

Did you know?

- The tusks are actually upper incisors, not canines. They are the only incisors the elephant has...

- Tusks are used for digging, ripping of bark, foraging, resting a heavy trunk, and as weapons

- Tusks are fundamentally no different than ordinary teeth

- Both sexes of the African elephant have tusks, but only the male sex of Asian elephants have tusks that protrude beyond the lips.

- One of the elephant's tusks is often used more than the other

trunk
Trunk

Did you know?

- In human terms the trunk represents the nose and upper lip with the two nostrils running through its full length

- The trunk is an exploratory organ in which much of what the elephant experiences comes from the trunk.

- Elephants can use their trunks as a snorkel when swimming in water

- Elephants use their trunks to rub an itchy eye or scratch its ear. Trunks are also used to threaten, and to throw objects

- An elephant drinks by filling its trunk with water and then pouring the water into its mouth

teeth
Teeth

Did you know?

- The total number of teeth an elephant has is 24 (six in each half jaw)

- No more than two of the six teeth are in wear at the same time in each side of a jaw (the only exception is in young elephants which may use three)

- Each tooth drops out as it reaches the front of the elephant's jaw.

- Teeth grow from the back of the jaw and follow a linear pathway of movement forwards as the preceding tooth is progressively worn down in the front.

slide8
Feet

Did you know?

- The elephant´s foot is formed in such a way that it is essentially walking on tiptoe, with a tough and fatty part of connective tissue for the sole

- This spongy "shock absorber" helps an elephant to move silently

- The sole of the foot is ridged and pitted; this contributes to the sure- footedness of the elephant for a large variety of terrain.

- An elephants five toes are buried inside the flesh of the foot.

- Not all toes have toenails.

- The circumference of the forefoot is approximately equal to half the the shoulder height!

slide9
Hair

Did you know?

- Elephants are considered to be hairless

- The hair on the tail may reach a length of up to 100 cm

- The elephant has small sensory hairs on its trunk

- The fetus is covered with lanugo (a felt of long downy hair) but most of it is shed before birth

slide10
Skin

Did you know?

- The skin of the elephant is not very thick, except around the back and sides

- The skin is marked with ridged creases resembling warty outgrowths, which is abundant on the trunk and forehead

- The natural skin color is greyish black, but the apparent color is determined by the soil of the land (this is caused by the elephant throwing mud over its back

- There seems to be an absence of sweat glands in the elephant

habitat
Habitat

The African Elephants habitat is the hot, dry climate of Africa. They are found mainly in grasslands. If you were looking for this animal, you would most certainly find it in open meadows near water. African elephants live in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, although their range is now broken into patches.

why they are endangered
Why they areendangered?

Past/Present/Future: African elephants once lived throughout Africa; they now inhabit no more than one-third of the continent and are gone from the Sahara. Over the past 150 years, ivory hunters have ruthlessly hunted them for their tusks. Between 1979 and 1989, Africa's elephant population plummeted from 1,300,000 animals to 750,000, due mostly to ivory hunting. Hunting of the African elephant is now banned in several countries, but poaching for ivory still exists. Sadly, they became endangered because they were hunted and killed for their ivory tusks.  African elephants are now found mostly in reserves.

what is being done
What is being done?

In 1989 the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) made them an Endangered Species and they could no longer be killed. 

There are many national parks or reserves in Africa where elephant habitat is protected. Many people believe, however, that the parks are not large enough and are too isolated from each other to allow elephant populations to recover.

laws to protect the elephant
Laws to protect the elephant
  • African Elephant Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4201-4245).
  • The purpose of the Act is to provide additional protection for the African elephant. The Act establishes an assistance program to elephant producing countries of Africa and provides for the establishment of an African Elephant Conservation Fund. In addition, the Act places a moratorium on the importation of raw or worked ivory from African elephant producing countries that do not meet certain criteria found in the Act.
interesting facts
Interesting Facts

- Elephants don't drink with their trunks, but use them as "tools" to drink with. This is accomplished by filling the trunk with water and then using it as a hose to pour it into the elephant's mouth.

- Both the male and female African Elephants have tusks compared to the Asian Elephant…the males only get tusks.

- Elephants have greeting ceremonies when a friend that has been away for some time returns to the group.

- Elephants cry, play, have incredible memories, and laugh!

interesting websites links
Interesting Websites/Links

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/kids/creature_feature/0103/

http://eelink.net/EndSpp/endangeredspecies-mainpage.html

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/elephants/

http://www.endangeredspecie.com/

http://elephant.elehost.com/index.html