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Day 80 Opening Question. Title = Build a Country Based on what you have read (HW), what ingredients does a country need to be rebuilt from smaller spheres? Think PESM . Build a Country... What do you need?. P strong, unifying leader. Do we need democracy? E good econ…IR  S

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slide1

Day 80

Opening

Question

  • Title = Build a Country
  • Based on what you have read (HW), what ingredients does a country need to be rebuilt from smaller spheres?
  • Think PESM
slide2

Build a Country...

What do you need?

  • P
    • strong, unifying leader. Do we need democracy?
  • E
    • good econ…IR 
  • S
    • Nationalism
    • Tolerance
    • Shared…(?)
  • M
    • good army & navy…or…
slide3

Day 80 +81 Objective

  • Evaluate how Germany develops PESM in the mid 1800s?
slide5

Austria

France

Germany

"Germany” has been bullied for centuries

slide6

Germany

Bulks Up

Germany

ready for

PAYBACK!!!

slide7

Germany takes on the

bullies!!!

Germany

Austria

slide8

France

Germany

humiliates

France

Germany

slide9

Germany

is the new

Top Dog

  • What might Europe think of Germany after 1871?

Germany

slide10

So far, what has been built by

“Germany in the early 1800s?

Germany

France

Austria

slide11

Napoleon’s

Big Impacts

  • From 1807-1812, what did Napoleon do to the Germans? (2)
slide12

Congress of Vienna…what happened?

Why can this be a big deal?

slide13

6. Architect

of the

Rebuilding?

  • Otto von Bismarck
    • Appointed Prime Minister in 1862 by King William I
    • What is his background?
    • Beliefs and Hatreds?
slide14

Bismarck as

PM/Chancellor

  • Bismarck says Prussia will be land of…
    • “Blood and Iron”…what do you think this means? (2 things built)
    • “Iron Chancellor” 
    • Germany = /?
  • What important policy will he use?
    • Realpolitik…
      • which philosophes?
slide15

Germany takes

down the bullies

slide16

Unifying Germany

  • War 1 vs…
    • Denmark
  • Ally
    • Austria
  • Outcome
    • Prussia takes Schleswig
    • Otto = foreign pol genius

1

slide17

War #2

  • Austro-Prussian War (1866)
  • Outcome
    • 7-week easy victory for Prussia… why?
  • Prussia makes 
    • Northern German Confederation

2

slide18

War #3

  • Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871)
  • Outcome
    • Prussia takes Alsace and Lorraine
    • Humiliates France

3

3

slide19
Germans trick France (Bismarck pokes Napoleon III into declaring war on Prussia)
  • Motivated (why?) Germans vs overconfident French
  • Battle of Sedan…Disgraceful Loss ↓

Germans

Seige

Paris…

Force

France to

Surrender

slide20

Germany created in Versailles in

1871...why could this be a big deal?

slide21

Who is crowned in Versailles?

Wilhelm I iscrowned

Kaiser…AKA??

slide22

What is

created

in 1871??

  • 2nd Reich (Empire)
    • 1st Reich = HRE
    • 3rd Reich = ???
  • “Iron & Blood” in action!
  • Balance of Power?
  • Germany’s govstructure?
slide23

Germany as

the Super-

power!!!

  • What do you build up in Germany??
    • IR!!!
      • RR
      • Steel (Alsace and Lorraine)
      • Weapons
    • Military
    • Education…
slide24

Bismarck’s

Domestic

Policy cont.

  • Who does Otto try to suppress in Germany?
    • Socialists…why? Think 
      • Success or Failure?
    • Roman Catholic Church…why?
      • Success or Failure?
slide25

Germany

& Foreign

Policy???

  • Who does Germany want to keep down?
    • What is the solution?
  • GB issue?
slide27

Alliances

Formed by

Otto von

Bismarck

  • 1882…Triple Alliance
  • Germany entices GB
  • 1887…Reinsurance Treaty
  • 1914…????
slide28

Germany has a new Kaiser

1888

Kaiser

Wilhelm II

Forces

Otto von

Bismarck

to resign

In 1890

slide29

Kaiser Wilhelm

IIin charge!!

  • What “old” belief does he follow?
  • What changes will he make to Germany?
    • $$$$$ on military
    • Expand Navy (GB story)
    • Extreme Nationalism
slide30

Otto von

Bismarck

gives

Wilhelm II

one last

piece of

advice…

slide31

Germany the Top Dog

  • What might Europe think of Germany after 1871?
    • What emotions might they have?
  • What do you think of Germans?
    • Ogres, Huns

Germany

slide32

Germany after 1871

  • EM – Strongest Industrial and Military power
  • PESM – Empire around the world
  • S – Strong Nationalism!!!
slide33

Italy Unification Objectives

  • Chronicle how Italy unified in the 1800s?
  • Analyze Italy’s PERSM status during and after unification?
slide34

Italy in the 1800s

Germany

France

Austria

Italy

slide35

Italy has

been a

mess for

many

centuries!

slide36

Italy has

been a

mess for

many

centuries!

slide37

Italy has

been a

mess for

many

centuries!

slide38

Italy has

been a

mess for

many

centuries!

slide39

Napoleon’s

Big Impacts?

  • From 1807-1812, what did Napoleon do to the Germans? (2)

Italians

slide40

Congress of Vienna…what happened?

Germany + Italy’s story is the same!!

slide41

Italian

Unification

  • 5 fingers or 1 fist? (think about Italy’s sphere uniting)
  • What can glue the Italian’s together?
    • Geography
    • common language
    • Shared traditions
    • Memory of glory of Rome
    • End economic trade barriers
    • Stronger militarily
slide42

Unifiers

Of Italy?

  • Victor Emmanuel II = King of Piedmont-Sardinia
architect of the rebuilding
Architectof theRebuilding?
  • Camillodi Cavour
  • Position?
  • Philosophies and beliefs on how to unify Italy?
slide44

Four

Wars that

unify Italy

  • War 1…1858
    • Ally
      • France
    • Enemy
      • Austria
    • Outcome
      • King Emmanuel gets Lombardy from Austria
slide45

“War 2”

involves

Giuseppe

Garibaldi

  • Nationalist who wants unified Italy
  • Military Mind
  • King Emmanuel II gives 1000 troops and $$$
  • Lincoln and Civil War
slide46

“War 2”

  • Garibaldi sent south with troops and $$$
  • Conquers land up to Naples
  • King Emmanuel II conquers northern Italy
  • Garibaldi gives south to King Emmanuel II
  • King of Italy
slide47

Wars 3+4...King Emmanuel

Rides Bismarck’s coattails

  • Italy helps Prussia in Austro-Prussian War (Venice)
  • Italy gets Rome after Franco-Prussian War
    • Doesn’t get involved in this war
  • Italy is happy to see who defeated?
slide48

Check the dates! Italy and

Germany unify the same

time from the same wars!!

slide49

The Four

Wars Are

Finished!

1

  • Wins Venice from Austrian Empire
  • Wins Rome from France
  • Rome = Capital
  • Someone in Rome is unhappy…

2

slide50

RC Church Upset

  • RC Church upset it is ruled by Italian Gov
    • Vatican City eventually made decades later
slide51

Issues for Italy

  • Compared to Germany, how is Italian…
  • Nationalism?
    • North/South split still today
  • Political Stability?
  • Economy/Industry?
    • Not many resources
  • Military..ready for WWI?
    • Not ready for WWI
    • Biggest Friend?
    • Biggest Enemy?