Exercise and respiration and the circulatory system. B2 - Training and the Pulmonary system. B.2.1 Define total lung capacity , vital capacity , tidal volume and ventilation rate . Total lung capacity. : volume of air in the lungs after a maximum inhalation.
Total lung capacity
: volume of air in the lungs after a maximum inhalation.
: maximum volume of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation.
: volume of air taken in or out with each inhalation or exhalation.
: number of inhalations or exhalations per minute (this term is used, not breathing rate).
B.2.2 Explain the need for increases in tidal volume and ventilation rate during exercise.
Read the article then complete the sentences:
When you exercise you need to breath deeper because…..
When you exercise you need to breath more often because…..
The ventilation and depth are controlled by negative feedback.
What is the stimulus?
Where is the stimulus detected?
Draw a feedback loop to describe this.
B.2.3 Outline the effects of training on the pulmonary system, including changes in ventilation rate at rest, maximum ventilation rate and vital capacity.
http://www.normalbreathing.com/c-effects-of-exercise-on-the-respiratory-system.phpRead the article and try to make a summary table in words rather than numbers…….:
Learn these definitions
: volume of blood pumped out with each contraction of the heart.
: volume of blood pumped out by the heart per minute.
: volume of blood returning to the heart via the veins per minute.
Why does the heart rate need to speed up when you exercise?
How is this speed up controlled?
What effect will speeding up the heart have on how much blood is pumped out per minute?
What effect will pumping more blood out of the heart per minute have on the amount of blood returning (venous return)?
B.4.1 Define VO2 and VO2 max.
VO2max is the maximum capacity of an individual's body to transport and use oxygen during exercise, which reflects the physical fitness of the individual.
The name is derived from V - volume, O2 - oxygen, max - maximum.
This instrument measures the amount of oxygen in the air breathed in and compares it with the amount in the air breathed out as the test subject carries out increasing levels of exercise.
Glycogen is an glucose storage molecule in muscles.
Myoglobin is an oxygen storage molecule in muscles(Like heamoglobin but it remains in the muscle.)