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Elizabeth I. Henry VIII. Anne Boleyn. William Shakespeare. Why were they important?. Who were they?. The Tudors. What did they do?. When were they around?. 1547 Edward VI becomes king at the age of 9, but dies suddenly at 16. 1553

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The Tudors

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the tudors

Elizabeth I

Henry VIII

Anne Boleyn

William Shakespeare

Why were they important?

Who were they?

The Tudors

What did they do?

When were they around?

tudor timeline


Edward VI becomes king at the age of 9, but dies suddenly at 16


Mary I becomes Queen and is quickly known as ‘Bloody Mary’


Battle of Bosworth

Henry VII becomes King of England


Drake discovers the West Indies and then sails right around the globe


The Spanish Armada are defeated by Drake


Henry VII dies, Henry VIII becomes the new King







Henry creates the Church of England so he can get divorced. He ended up marrying 6 times


Elizabeth I becomes Queen. Under her reign England becomes very powerful


Elizabeth I, the last of the Tudors, dies. King James of Scotland takes over England


The ‘Age of Discovery’ begins: John Cabot leads the way


William Shakespeare’s first play was performed


Lady Jane Grey was Queen for only 9 days – the shortest reign ever

Tudor timeline

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the battle of bosworth

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The Battle of Bosworth

Henry VII becomes King

  • The battle was fought between the armies of Richard III and Henry VII, who were distant relatives
  • It was called the ‘War of the Roses’ because each side of the family was represented by a different coloured rose
  • Richard’s army was larger but was nonetheless beaten
  • Henry was crowned King after winning the battle
  • His name was Henry Tudor and thus he was the first ‘Tudor’ King
  • He bought peace to England after 85 years of civil war
the age of discovery

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The ‘Age of Discovery’
  • Other countries like France and Spain were exploring the globe and becoming rich doing so
  • John Cabot left in 1497 and was trying to find a shorter route to Asia. Unfortunately America was in the way!
  • He returned home to a hero’s welcome
  • England’s colonisation of large parts of the globe began
henry viii creates the church of england

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Henry VIII creates the Church of England
  • Henry’s first wife, Catherine of Aragon, did not bear him a son
  • After 20 years, he wanted to get a divorce, which was not permitted by the Catholic Church
  • He told Cardinal Wolsey to ask the Pope for special permission, but he was refused
  • Henry used this as a reason to create the ‘Church of England’, with himself as the ‘Supreme Head’
  • His first act was to divorce Catherine of Aragon
henry and his six wives

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Henry and his six wives
  • Having divorced Catherine of Aragon, Henry quickly married Anne Boleyn, but had her beheaded at the Tower of London
  • His third wife, Jane Seymour, finally bore him a son, but died a few days later. Henry was heartbroken
  • Katherine Howard was accused of adultery and beheaded
  • When he died at the age of 55 in 1547 he was married to Katherine Parr
bloody mary

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‘Bloody Mary’
  • Mary became Queen having overseen the execution of Lady Jane Grey
  • She was a staunch Catholic and set about making England Catholic once again
  • She is called ‘Bloody Mary’ because of how she dealt with those who would not return to the Catholic Church
  • She made examples of many people by burning them in public
the virgin queen

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The Virgin Queen
  • Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn and was only 25 when she came to the throne
  • She immediately reinstalled the Church of England to power
  • She was determined to increase England’s power and strongly supported explorers like Drake and Raleigh in their efforts to increase England’s wealth
  • She was successful and England became the most powerful nation in the world
  • She swore never to marry and was hence known as the Virgin Queen
defeating the spanish armada

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Defeating the Spanish Armada
  • Phillip II, King of Spain, wanted England to be a Catholic country again so decided to invade
  • He sent 131 ships with 33,000 soldiers, to attack England’s shores
  • Sir Francis Drake was made the head of the Navy and told by Elizabeth I, despite having only half their strength, to keep the Armada at bay
  • He was successful for two reasons:
    • He was a great tactician and out-thought his enemy
    • The Northerly winds did not help the Spanish and pushed them into the English ships