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The Tudors PowerPoint Presentation

The Tudors

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The Tudors

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Tudors Interpretations and overview

  2. Interpretations of History • What do we mean • Two senses • Working out what the evidence means • Responses to the subject • Creative outcomes

  3. Horse rider Joust glider Music maker Floor shaker Tennis prancer Heavy Dancer Diet hater Serial Dater Dandy Dresser Wife Stresser Church leader Poor breeder Nifty speaker Divorce seeker Armour filler Wifer killer Monk basher Law smasher Banquet boozer Bad loser Guess Who?

  4. Enquiry question • Is this kenning an accurate interpretation ?

  5. Will the real Henry VIII… • Picture sorting activity (Who is it?) • A4Learning- what do we know already? • Reading pictures- clues messages • Chronology

  6. Securing the Throne • Henry (Tudor) VII 1485 -1509 • Wars of the Roses -White Yorkists, Red for Lancastrians • Feudal power struggle between aristocratic factions result of weak kingship • Bosworth Field 1485 defeat of Richard III • Henry m Elizabeth of York = Tudor Rose- • Deals with Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck • Establishes authority of monarchy- restrains aristocrats, no more private liveried armies- unemployment • Intrigue political rather than military • Two sons • Spin, Shakespeare etc

  7. Establishing a dynasty • Henry (VIII) married….. • Katherine of Aragon (Arthur’s widow) • Mary DIV • Anne Boleyn – Elizabeth BH • Jane Seymour- Edward D • Anne of Cleeves – The Flemish Mare DIV • Catherine Howard BEH • Catherine Parr SUR • And one that got away….

  8. Dynastic Ambitions • Ambition for power – • Royal authority home and abroad • need for an heir • 1520 Field of the Cloth of Gold • Patronage and power – the throne • Courtiers seek influence • Aristocratic Factions • Centralisation of Government • Thomas Wolsey –professional administrator, diplomat and churchman

  9. Context • The Renaissance – • secularisation of art, rediscovery of classical ideas • science, travel, • finance, banking, • emergence of national identities eg Spain France • Machiavelli The Prince- power politics • Reformation Martin Luther- ninety five articles Wittenburg 1517 • (Tyndale vernacular Bible ) • Initially… • England and Scotland stay Catholic • Henry styled fidei defensor • Implications for politics and international influence

  10. The King’s Great Matter • Desire for divorce from Katherine • Diplomatic repercussions Spain and Vatican • Desire for Anne Boleyn ( Norfolk faction) • Fall of Wolsey- scapegoat unpopular with nobles • 1533 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury • Secures divorce • Henry excommunicated by pope

  11. Religion • 1531 Henry recognised as supreme head of church in England- exploits anti papal feeling • 1534 Act of Supremacy – Henry head of church in England – split for authority of Catholic Church of Rome • 1536-40 Dissolution of the Monasteries • Land and property goes to crown • Emergence of protestant ideas – not official

  12. Thomas CranmerBook of Common Prayer

  13. More attempts to secure an heir • Anne falls from favour- beheaded for adultery • Jane Seymour ( Somerset faction)- Edward 1547- 1553 • Diplomatic alliance Anne of Cleeves • Other candidates Christina of Denmark • Catherine Howard • Catherine Parr

  14. Christina of Denmark

  15. Edward VI 1547-1553 • Aged 9 sickly scholarly • Lord Protector Uncle Somerset • Then Northumberland • Pro protestant • 1547 Act of Uniformity • 1549 Cranmer’s Book of Common prayer • Grammar schools

  16. The Nine Day’s Queen • Lady Jane Grey niece of Edward • Somerset pro protestant faction • Mary has popular support for claim to throne • Elizabeth in Tower

  17. Philip II of Spain and Mary Tudor 1553-58

  18. Counter Reformation • Mary reinstates Catholic observance • Personally devout ( treatment of mother) • Marries Philip II of ( Catholic) Spain in Winchester Cathedral • No heir • Heretics persecuted ( Bloody Mary ) • Latimer and Ridley • Fall and execution of Cranmer • European tensions

  19. Elizabeth I • The court of Elizabeth was peripatetic. This could be a head ache for her subjects… • role play activity

  20. Elizabeth and Essex

  21. Activities • Elizabeth Chronological order • Elizabeth Assessment activity

  22. Key themes in Elizabeth’s reign • Religious tension counter reformation • Foreign affairs diplomacy Netherlands France Spain Ireland • Robert Cecil –statesman spy master • The Virgin Queen personality power politics- Katherine Parr education • Suitors and Succession • Poverty 1597 New Poor Law • Arts literature music Learning

  23. Mary Queen of Scots • Mary Queen of Scots claim to throne via Margaret Tudor sister of Henry VII m Francis I then Lord Darnley then Bothwell • Flees Scotland ( Protestant) • Comes to England house arrest • Focus of Babington plot 1586 • Executed 1587 • Her son James VI becomes James I in 1603

  24. The New Poor Law 1563, 1572 • Unemployment of ex soldiers post Wars of Roses - No private armies • Dissolution of monasteries- infrastructure • Enclosures of land • Rise in population • Spanish silver • Legislation – parish based revenues • Impotent Poor, Able Bodied Poor • Punitive attitudes

  25. Exploration- The Ambassadorswww.nationalgallery.org.uk

  26. European exploration • International competition Spain Portugal S. America • Spice silk gold silver • Columbus 1492 – The Indies • Cabot 1497- Nova Scotia • Vasco de Gama 1489 > India • Magellan 1519 • Henry VII navy tradition technology • Francis Drake 1540-96 navigator privateer • Walter Raleigh Roanoke Island Virginia • Potatoes tobacco turkeys

  27. The Armada • Response from Philip of Spain to • Religion • English support for Protestants in Netherlands • Excommunication of Elizabeth • Death of Mary Queen of Scots • Philip named her heir • Spain helped Catholic rebels in Ireland • Spain at peace with France • Piratical acts by Drake and others

  28. Defeat of the Armada • 1588 Armada sails 130 ships to Netherlands plan to pick up troops for invasion ( 60 return to Spain) • Armada attacked near Plymouth • Use of Fireships • Survivors of Spanish armada flee round Scotland • English ships smaller • Suspect Spanish Leadership • Activity –sorting the historians

  29. Was the Kenning accurate? What is the evidence? Did we have enough? What else could we research? How could we interpret the Tudors? Enquiry answer

  30. Tudors in the National Curriculum • Key Stage 1 and 2 • Famous people, local area, themes e.g. Transport , homes, clothes, health, harvest, significant events • Key Stage 2 • Britain and the wider world in Tudor times • QCA 7 Why did Henry marry.. • QCA 8 Tudor rich and poor • QCA 19 Effects of Tudor Exploration • Local Tudors – Mary Rose, Waverly Abbey etc.

  31. Explore… • www.npg.org.uk • Timeline and Elizabeth I • www.nationalgallery.org.uk • Holbein and the Ambassadors • www.tate.org.uk/britain/exhibitions/past • Holbein • www.bbc.co.uk/history • Hampshire packs