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The Second World War and the Cold War. H/O. Pre-war attitudes. (see Drift towards World War II handout). Isolationism. Neutrality Act (1935). Gradual shift toward involvement. Cash and Carry. Destroyer Deal. Lend-Lease Act (repealed Neutrality Act). Relations with Japan.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Second World War

and the Cold War

slide2

H/O

Pre-war attitudes

(see Drift towards World War II handout)

slide3

Isolationism

Neutrality Act (1935)

slide5

Cash and Carry

Destroyer Deal

Lend-Lease Act (repealed Neutrality Act)

slide6

Relations with Japan

Japanese fears concerning resources, etc.

slide7

Pearl Harbor

U.S. Enters War

slide8

The Home Front

Some important wartime agencies

slide9

War Production Board

Organized and coordinated industries to make quick, efficient transition to production of war materials.

No consumer autos were built during war.

slide10

Office of War Information

Responsible for maintaining morale – positive propaganda

slide11

Office of Price Administration

Set prices, rationed goods, fought inflation and black market – assured military needs were met

slide12

War Labor Board

Settled disputes between business and labor

Avoided strikes and maintained morale

slide13

Fair Employment Practices Committee

Prevented employer discrimination against workers

Foundation for the civil rights movement of the 1950s

slide14

H/O

Conduct of war

Two front war for the U.S.

Europe first

(See War Strategy H/O)

slide15

World War II Allies

Included Great Britain, Free France, the USSR, and nationalist China.

slide16

Conferences

Casablanca, Cairo, Teheran: Planned war strategy

Yalta: (1945) planned post-war strategies

slide17

H/O

PostwarPeriod

Service men’s readjustment act of 1944 (GI Bill)

The United Nations

Post-War

Organization favored big winners

slide19

The Truman Doctrine

Pledged aid to Greece and Turkey

Containment policy

Intended to keep communism within its original borders

slide20

Marshall Plan

Offered recovery assistance to all European countries

Communist countries declined

slide21

Berlin Blockade

Soviets block land access U.S. responds by air

slide22

H/O

NATO

Designed to block or contain Communists, especially Soviet, expansion

Ignored George Washington’s advice against permanent alliances

Cold War

slide23

Communist victory in China

Nationalists flee to Taiwan

Government there recognized as China by the United States and the U.N. until Nixon

slide24

Korean War

Communist North Korea attacks South Korea, the U.N. responds

Armistice terms restore status quo

slide25

SEATO

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization is the Pacific equivalent to NATO

slide26

France, Dien Bien Phu, and our involvement in Vietnam

Antiwar demonstrations and Jane Fonda

slide27

Hungarian Revolt

Soviets crush Hungarian revolution

slide28

Aswan Dam

Soviets assist Egypt in building the dam

U.S. and Britain offered first but withdrew the offer

slide29

Suez Canal seizure

Egypt takes control, France, Britain and Israel invade, U.S. and Soviets stop them

Superpower “diplomacy” at work

slide30

Eisenhower Doctrine

Offers aid to Middle Eastern countries who feel threatened by communism

slide31

U-2 incident

U.S. spy plane shot down over Soviet territory

slide32

Independence of African nations

Civil Wars break out all over

slide33

Cuban Revolution

Castro takes over, announces communist regime, relations with the U.S. deteriorate

slide34

Bay of Pigs

Cuban refugees, backed by the United States fail to overthrow Castro

slide35

Berlin Wall

Soviets seal off East Berlin with physical Wall

slide36

Cuban Missile Crisis

Soviets attempt to place missiles in Cuba. The U.S. blockades

slide37

The “Hotline”

Direct link between U.S. and USSR intended to divert nuclear disaster

First used during six day war

slide38

Nuclear test ban treaty

Allowed only underground testing

slide39

Outer Space treaty

Banned the military bases weapons and weapons tests in outer space

slide40

Nuclear nonproliferation treaty

Banned the spread of nuclear weapons among signatory nations

slide41

1969. Nixon’s visit to China

Communist China had already become the U.N. member, now President Nixon’s visit opened new friendly relations with this huge nation

slide42

Detente

1972-President Nixon visited Moscow and signed several agreements including the anti-ballistic missile treaty

The Cold War eased

slide43

H/O

The Reagan Revolution

The West wins the Cold War

The Gorbachev influence

The I.N.F. Treaty

slide44

1980 Election

Issues

Debates

Hostage crisis

slide45

Reagan and Communism

Evil Empire

Nicaragua

Latin America

Granada

slide46

1988 Election

Candidates and issues

Bush policies

Desert Storm and Middle East policy

economics

civil rights

slide47

William Jefferson Clinton

All of this review to present will be done in the classroom