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Spanish –ar verbs. Verbs in General.

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verbs in general
Verbs in General

English and Spanish both conjugate verbs. They can be organized as first, 2nd, and 3rd person. If you need to, you may review the pronoun presentation on the main page. In English, we do not change the verb much according to the subject. In Spanish, the verb endingwill often tell you who or what the subject is. Observe.

ar verb endings
-ar verb endings

Singular

Plural

o

amos

1rst person

as

aís

2nd person

3rd person

a

an

how they change
How they change

This is a rule you can use for any regular

–ar verbs. To conjugate a regular –ar verb, drop the –ar and add the appropriate ending. The best way to see this is to demonstrate. We will be looking at the verb “hablar” (to talk) first, then “cantar” (to sing).

hablar to sing
hablar (to sing)

Plural

Singular

nosotros hablamos

nosotras hablamos

yo hablo

1rst person

(vosotros) hablaís

(vosotras) hablaís

tú hablas

2nd person

él habla

ella habla

Ud. habla

ellos hablan

ellas hablan

Uds. hablan

3rd person

what it means
What it means:

When you say either “Yo hablo” or “Hablo”, you are saying “I speak”. You will note that hablo is only associated with the subject pronoun “yo”. Similarly, when you say “Tú hablas” or “Hablas” you are saying “You speak”. Notice that it is important to include the subject pronoun when you use 3rd person because the subject has different possibilities. “Habla” can mean “He speaks”, “She speaks”, or “You speak”.

cantar to sing
Cantar (to sing)

Plural

Singular

nosotros* cantamos

nosotras** cantamos

1rst person

Yo canto

vosotros* cantaís

vosotras** cantaís

2nd person

tú cantas

él canta

ella canta

Ud. canta

ellos* cantan

ellas** cantan

Uds. cantan

3rd person

*mixed group or all guys

**all girls

now it is time to learn
Now it is time to learn.
  • This is meant to be a review. If you have not studied it already, you may have difficulty.
  • If you want to learn Spanish, you will need to learn the –ar verb endings.
  • You can often tell what the subject is by the verb. Therefore in Spanish, it is not always necessary to include the subject.
  • Memorize these verb endings.