Verbs Just Do It
Verb Defined A verb is a word that expresses… AN ACTION - Joey punched Sal in the face. A CONDITION - I feel pretty awful right now. A STATE OF BEING - I am thrilled at your news!
Two Categories • Two main categories of verbs • Action verbs • Linking verbs
Action Verbs • Action verbs tell what action someone or something is doing • The action can be physical or mental.
Action Verbs • MENTAL • “Mr. Johnson thinks most of us are ready to take this test.” • PHYSICAL • “We worked hard on the grammar homework.”
Linking Verbs A linking verb does not express action like we think of “action” It links the subject of a sentence to a word in the predicate
Linking Verbs • “School is the best part of my life.” (cough, cough, cough) • “Sophie looks miserable when we study grammar.”
Linking Verbs – 2 types • Forms of the verb “to be” • “I am happy.” • “My shoes are wet.” • Verbs that express condition • “Everyone looks bored with grammar.” • “Most of you seem intelligent.”
“to be” verbs is are am was were been being Verbs that express condition seem remain become grow smell taste feel sound look appear The Linking Verbs
Linking or Action? BE CAREFUL: The same verb can be linking or action, depending how it is used • Action • “The cook tastes the fish before serving it.” • Linking • “This fish tastes delicious.”
Be Careful! Infinitives are NOT verbs BE CAREFUL: An infinitive (the word “to” followed by a verb), is NOT a verb I am going to go to the store. How hard is it to operate this computer? It is hard to feel bad for criminals.
Helping Verbs • Other things to keep in mind: • Not every sentence will have a helping verb with the main verb. • When you see an "ing" verb such as "running", be on the lookout for a helping verb also.
Verb Phrases Action and linking verbs are sometimes combined with one or more auxiliary verbs -- also called helping verbs -- to form a verb phrase. “We are going on vacation.”
Now get this straight! I’m going to say it once…. Verb phrases are VERBS! You got it?!!
Auxiliary Verbs • “Mrs. Felipe’s students should understand nouns and pronouns by now.” • “Cam has been questioned hot a lot today.” Auxiliary verbs Main verbs
Auxiliary Verbs • The most common auxiliary verbs are forms of… • be (am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being) • have(have, has, had) • do(do, does, did)
Auxiliary Verbs • Other common auxiliaries… can shall could will should may would might must
Verb Phrases Verb phrases are formed by the combination of one or more auxiliary (helping) verbs and a main verb Coach Nate The coach was shouting at Nate all day long.
Verb Phrases Auxiliary VerbMain VerbVerb Phrase had been had been have had have had was doing was doing could have helped could have helped might have been seen might have been seen is being repaired is being repaired
Verb Phrases Be careful!! Auxiliary verb(s) and the main verb may be separated by one or more words that are not part of the verb phrase.
Verb Phrases-Separated “Jenna couldnotbelieve her brother wouldnotlet her borrow his ipod.” “Your parents willneverforgive you when I call home to tell them what you did in class.” “Our coach mightnothave been kidding when he hinted at a tough workout tomorrow.” The underlined words are NOT verbs and are not part of these verb phrases
Verb Phrases-Contractions BE CAREFUL - Contractions like “couldn’t” and “shouldn’t” and “can’t” frequently HIDE auxiliary verbs and make verb phrases hard to find
Verb Phrases-Contractions Sentence with contractions “You shouldn’t come to practice today if you’re feeling that badly.” Same sentence with contractions written out “You should not come to practice today if you are feeling that badly.” Same sentence with verb phrases underlined “You should not come to practice today if you are feeling that badly.”
Noun or Verb? There are many words that can be used as nouns or verbs. Be on your little Sponge Bob toes! “Our club is in good shape financially.” (noun) “Shape up or get out!” (verb) Be careful kids!!
Let’s Review! • Action Verbs • Linking Verbs • Helping/Main Verbs
An action verb shows action. It tells what the subject of the sentence does.
Action Verbs Bill hit the ball. The cat purred softly. I walk to school. Susan spoke to me.
A linking verb links, or connects, the subject to the predicate. It does not show action.
Common Linking Verbs am is are was were be been seems feels tastes
Linking Verbs We are hungry. He was late to school. The winner is Johnny. The rose smells good.
A helping verbhelps a main verb. The helping verb comes before the main verb.
Helping/Main Verbs I ameating my lunch. Ed hastaken the test. We weretalking.
Practice Time In the following sentences, see if you can identify the verb.
Ready? Let’s get started!
They arewatching television. Verb: are watching
They arewatching television. Verb: are watching Type: helping/main
Frank was tired after work. Verb: was
Frank was tired after work. Verb: was Type: linking verb
My dad drove his car to the store. Verb: drove
My dad drove his car to the store. Verb: drove Type: action verb
Finding Nemois her favorite movie. Verb: is
Finding Nemois her favorite movie. Verb: is Type: linking verb
I did my homework right after school. Verb: did
I did my homework right after school. Verb: did Type: action verb