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Romanticism. Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries. Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.

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late 18th early 19th centuries
Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries
  • Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.
  • Romantic artists & authors extolled the virtues of feeling and simple piety over the artifacts of learning & civilization. They especially liked nature.
  • Romantic artists/writers valued individualism, the power of the inner spirit, and heroic traits.
  • Influenced art, literature, religion and music
  • Key characteristics..
2 new view of nature
2. New view of Nature:
  • 1. Not a well-ordered machine, as Enlightened thinkers viewed it.
  • 2. Rather it was inspiring, beautiful, to be contemplated not mastered.
  • 3. Nature was overpowering to humans
  • 4. Humans were best inspired in nature; country life was to be enjoyed. Cities weren’t so great.
4 greece rome out medieval themes gothic stuff in
4. Greece/Rome out; Medieval themes/gothic stuff in
  • 1. Mysteries, heroes, stories of the middle ages offered greater emotional appeal.
  • 2. Noe-gothic architecture
goethe the sorrow of young werther
Goethe--The Sorrow of Young Werther
  • 1. Individualism and emotions reign supreme.
stories of the past
Stories of the past
  • Grimm Brothers and Hans Christian Anderson--Fairy tales of the past
  • Walter Scott--Ivanhoe--medieval English knights
gothic literature
Gothic Literature
  • 1. Bizarre, chilling stories.
  • 2. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (critique of science?)
  • 3. Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre
Believed to be a direct expression of the soul
  • Poets could reveal the invisible world to others
  • Some themes:
    • Revolt against oppressive laws and customs (Percy Shelley--Prometheus Unbound)
    • Love of nature
      • William Wordsworth--nature was a mirror for humans to look to for information about themselves
critics of science
Critics of science
  • Wordsworth-- nature not a cold object of study. Alive and sacred
  • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein--the dangers of science
wordsworth tintern abbey
Wordsworth--Tintern Abbey
  • If I should be, where I no more can hear
  • Thy voice, nor catch from thy wild eyes these gleams
  • Of past existence, wilt thou then forget
  • That on the banks of this delightful stream
  • We stood together; and that I, so long
  • A worshipper of Nature, hither came,
  • Unwearied in that service: rather say
  • With warmer love, oh! with far deeper zeal
  • Of holier love. Nor wilt thou then forget,
  • That after many wanderings, many years
  • Of absence, these steep woods and lofty cliffs,
  • And this green pastoral landscape, were to me
  • More dear, both for themselves, and for thy sake.
more romantic poetry
More Romantic Poetry
  • 1. Lord Byron--the “Byronic hero” as described in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.
  • 2. Samuel Taylor Coleridge--The Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner
ludwig von beethoven
Ludwig Von Beethoven
  • Influenced by the French Revolution
  • Music a reflection of inner feelings
  • Studied under Haydn
  • Third Symphony intended for Napoleon
  • Beethoven the bridge from the classical era to the Romantic
hector berlioz http www youtube com watch v jl8df r2drm
Hector Berlioz
  • Symphonie Fantastique
  • Emotion, mood, sound effects