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Artists Working in the Landscape “Land Art” / “Earthworks”.

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Artists working in the landscape land art earthworks l.jpg
Artists Working in the Landscape“Land Art” / “Earthworks”


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Michael Heizer (US, b. Berkeley 1944) Double Negative 1969-70, 24 thousand ton displacement, 2 trenches together are 1,500 feet long, 50 feet deep, and 30 feet wide Virgin River Mesa, Nevada"Un-sculpture“: "There is nothing there, yet it is still a sculpture.“ - Michael Heizer


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Heizer, Double Negative, aerial view (right)


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Michael Heizer, City, begun 1970 - ongoing (photograph 1999), Nevada desert, two miles from the nearest paved road, funded by Dia and Lannon Foundation


It is interesting to build a sculpture that attempts to create an atmosphere of awe heizer l.jpg
It is interesting to build a sculpture that attempts to create an atmosphere of awe.- Heizer


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Teotihuacán, Mexico, between 150 and 450 CE create an atmosphere of awe.Compare Heizer’s City (below). Artist’s father was an archaeologist.

Heizer came up with the idea for City in 1970

when he was in the Yucatan studying the

serpent motif in the ball court at Chichen Itza.

He was 24.



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http://youtu.be/Se4QlVExLnk (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico

Michael Heizer, preliminary sketch for Levitated Mass, 2011, LACMA. Installation, March, 2012: http://lacma.wordpress.com/2012/03/15/levitated-mass-what-next/


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Smithson (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico, A Nonsite: Franklin, New Jersey, summer, 1968wood, limestone, aerial photographs, 16 1/2" x 82" x 110“(right top and bottom) Chalk and Mirror Displacement, 1969, 6 mirrors / chalk from quarry in Oxted, England, each 10"x 5" (overall 10‘)


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Robert Smithson (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico (US, 1938-1973) Spiral Jetty, 1970, Great Salt Lake, black rocks, salt crystals, Dia foundation collection


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Stonehenge, England, over 5000 years old (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico


Robert smithson left and donald judd right at site of spiral jetty 1970 minimalism post minimalism l.jpg
Robert Smithson (left) and Donald Judd (right) at site of (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, MexicoSpiral Jetty, 1970Minimalism – Post-Minimalism


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Nancy Holt (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico (US b. 1938, environmental artist) Sun Tunnels, exterior and interior view (Sunset on the Summer Solstice), 1973-76, Great Basin Desert, Utah; Compare (right): Center for Land Use Interpretation Viewing Area, Nevada, 2006 (commission, Whitney Biennial) http://clui.org/section/new-center-0


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Robert Smithson (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico, Floating Island to Travel Around Manhattan Island (1970/2005) 30-x-90-foot barge landscaped with earth, rocks, and native trees and shrubs, towed by a tugboat around the island of Manhattan, produced by Minetta Brook in collaboration with the Whitney Museum of American Art during Smithson’s 2005 retrospective.(right) Smithson, Study for Floating Island, 1970. pencil on paper. 19″ x 24″


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Ana Mendieta (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico(b. Havana, 1948; d. New York,1985), Untitled (Facial Hair Transplants), 1972compare Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair, 1946


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Mendieta (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico, Untitled (Death of a Chicken), 1972 compare Hermann Nitsch, Viennese Actionism, First Action, 1962


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Carl Andre (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico, Equivalent VIII, 1966

Mendieta, Untitled (People Looking at Blood), 1973


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Ana Mendieta (700-1200 AD), Yucatan, Mexico, Untitled (Body Tracks), 1975


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"I am overwhelmed by the feeling of having been cast from the womb (nature).

My art is the way I re-establish the bonds that unite me to the universe."

Mendieta, Untitled (Blood & Feathers), 1974


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Mendieta the womb (nature). , (left) Maroya (Moon), 1982: (right) Untitled (Silueta Series, Iowa), 1979


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Mendieta the womb (nature). , Silueta, 1979


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Mendieta the womb (nature). , Totem Grove Series, 1984-85 (installation Whitney MA, NYC, 2001)


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Walter de Maria the womb (nature). (US, b. 1935) The Broken Kilometer, 1979, located at 393 West Broadway in New York City. 500 polished solid brass rods, each measuring two meters (6.5 feet) in length and five centimeters (two inches) in diameter. The 500 rods are placed in five parallel rows of 100 rods each. The sculpture weighs 18 3/4 tons (right) companion piece: De Maria's 1977 Vertical Earth Kilometer at Kassel, Germany, a permanently installed earth sculpture, a brass rod of the same diameter, total weight and total length has been inserted 1,000 meters into the ground.


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Walter de Maria the womb (nature). , The New York Earth Room, 1977-present, 141 Wooster Street, NYC, interior earth sculpture, 250 cubic yards of earth, 3,600 square feet of floor space, 22 inch depth of material,Total weight of sculpture: 280,000 lbs


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Walter de Maria the womb (nature). , The Lightning Field, 1974-77, near Quemado, New Mexico, 400 stainless steel poles, average height 20' 7 ½" Overall dimensions: 5,280 x 3,300'


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Mario Merz the womb (nature). (Italian, 1925-2003) (right) Guggenheim NYC retrospective, 1989, centerpiece: Unreal City,Nineteen Hundred Eighty-Nine, 1989; glass, mirror, metal pipes, twigs, rubber, clay, and clamps, 197 x 504 x 392 in. overall. Arte Povera

Merz, Giap Igloo, 1968

Metal tubes, wire mesh,

neon tubes, dirt, 9’10”

diameter


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James Turrell the womb (nature). , Roden Crater, near Flagstaff, Arizona, in progress since 1980; (right) Roden Crater section plan


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Turrell the womb (nature). , Roden Crater, East Portal Entryway, 2000


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"I wanted to use the very fine qualities of light. First of all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system."

— James Turrell


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James Turrell, all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system."Dhatu, 2010


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Andy Goldsworthy all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system." (Scottish, b.1956) Stone River, stone wall, Stanford University, 2004


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Andy Goldsworthy’s global Cairns all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system."

Cairn with clay wall, London - temporary

Roof of NYC Metropolitan MA - temporary

La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art - permanent


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Andy Goldsworthy all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Woven bamboo, windy..., Before the Mirror, 1987, photograph


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Goldsworthy’s all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system." photographs of art made on his walks in nature of stones, berries, leaveshttp://youtu.be/YkHRZQU6bjIExcerpt from a highly recommended film on Goldsworthy’s art: Rivers and Tides, DVD 000134 available in the Sac State library. You can get extra credit for watching it.


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Christo all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system."Javacheff, (Bulgarian-American, b.1935),(top left)Package on Wheelbarrow, 1963, Paris, New RealistChristo & Jeanne Claude (French, b. 1935): (top right) Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971–95; (bottom left) The Pont Neuf Wrapped, 1975–85; (bottom right) Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980–83.

Christo Javacheff, self-portrait around the time of his escape from Soviet Bulgaria to Vienna then Paris in January of 1957

In all of his interviews the artist insists that his art is a “scream for freedom.”


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Christo Javashev all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Man Posing, academic study, pencil on paper, 1953-1956, collection Academy of Fine Art Gallery in Sofia; (right top) Christo Javashev, Rural Worker, watercolor, 1956 at the Academy of Fine Art

Soviet Realism, Andrei Milnikov’s Peaceful Fields, won a Stalin prize in 1951


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Wrapped Coast all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Little Bay, Australia, 1968-69


Christo jeanne claude wrapped coast little bay australia 1968 69 l.jpg
Christo & Jeanne-Claude all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Wrapped Coast, Little Bay, Australia, 1968-69


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Christo & Jeanne-Claude all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1970-72 9 tons of orange nylon


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Christo & Jeanne-Claude all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties

1972-76, September 1976


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Surrounded Islands all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida, 1980-83, May 1983


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7,500 gates all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system."


Christo and jeanne claude the umbrellas japan u s a 1974 1991 l.jpg
Christo and Jeanne-Claude all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", The Umbrellas, Japan-U.S.A., 1974-1991


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Christo and Jeanne-Claude all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system.", Umbrellas, Japan – U.S.A., 1984-91


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Christo & Jeanne-Claude, all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alone—things like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system." The Gates, 7,500 gates, 23 miles of pedestrian walkways in Central Park, NYC, a 20-year project. http://youtu.be/z057rxwJXPo