Islam: an Introduction Session Plan The Religion of Islam? Muhammad’s Life & Significance What is the Quran? Islamic Understanding of God The 5 Pillars, Briefly Function, Role and Layout of a Mosque The Muslim World A Religion Called Islam? A Religion Called Islam?
‘This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion (din)’ (5:3)
‘The religion (din) before God is Islam…’ (3:19)
La ilaha ill Allah, Muhammadur rasul Allah
‘There is no god but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God’.
‘Nothing has the right to be worshipped but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God’
‘Read in the name of your Lord, Who created: He created man from a clot. Read, by your Most Generous Lord, Who taught by the Pen. He taught man what he did not know’ (96:1-5)
‘Let there be no reproach against you this day. God will forgive you and He is the most Merciful of those who show mercy’ (12:92)
Muhammad: the Final Prophet
‘Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but is the Messenger of God and the seal of the Prophets (Khatam al-Nabiyyin)’ (33:40)
Bearer of the Quran
‘Your Companion [Muhammad] is neither astray nor being misled, Nor does he speak from (his own) desire. It is no less than Inspiration sent down to him’ (53:3)
‘Indeed, I have been given the Book and something similar to it…’
Muhammad the Lawgiver
‘And establish prayer and give charity [literally zakat] and bow with those who bow’ (2:43)
Muhammad the Lawgiver
‘…And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord before the rising of the sun and its setting; and during periods of the night [exalt Him] and at the ends of the day, that you may be satisfied’ (20:130)
‘Pray as you have seen me praying’ (Related by Bukhari)
The Best of God’s Creatures
The Beloved of God
‘O God! Bless and grant eternal peace without end to your Beloved and the Best of all Your creatures’
‘Love of the Prophet which runs like blood in the veins of this community’ (Rumuz: 190)
‘For Muslims, the Quran is the Book of God. It is the eternal, uncreated, literal word of God sent down from heaven, revealed one final time to the Prophet Muhammad as a guide for humankind’ (Esposito, 1998, 17)
‘Indeed, We have sent it down as an Arabic Quran that you might understand’ (12:1)
‘Has the story of Musa [Moses] reached you?’ (79:15)
'We do relate to you [O Muhammad] the most beautiful of stories, in that We reveal to you this [portion of the] Quran' (12:3)
‘Say, ‘He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge, He neither begets nor is born and nor is there to Him any equivalent’ (112:1-4).
‘They ask you [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? Say, ‘Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly’. They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, ‘Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know’ (7:187).
‘They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, ‘In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit’ (2:219).
(Esposito, 1998, p.17)
A famous tradition of Muhammad says:
‘Islam is based on five pillars: To testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (shahada); to pray (salat); to pay the alms-tax (zakat); to perform the Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj); to fast during the month of Ramadan (sawm)’
The Five Pillars are:
Ritual Prayer: al-Salat
‘O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous’ (2:183)