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The First Global Civilization : The Rise and Spread of Islam. By: Kenna Foltz, Eddy Vaisberg and Max Gonzalez . Introduction to Islam. Islam: Submission to the will of Allah Allah: The one true God Muslims: The Followers of the Islamic belief

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the first global civilization the rise and spread of islam

The First Global Civilization :The Rise and Spread of Islam

By: Kenna Foltz, Eddy Vaisberg and Max Gonzalez

introduction to islam
Introduction to Islam
  • Islam: Submission to the will of Allah
  • Allah: The one true God
  • Muslims: The Followers of the Islamic belief
  • Muhammad: Prophet who preached the teachings of Allah
  • Qur’an: Holy Book containing Allah’s revelations to Muhammad
  • Arabic: Language of the Qur’an and soon became the international language of the educated and informed.
spread of islam
Spread of Islam
  • First Global Civilization
    • No single civilization had bound together large portions of the Ancient World
    • At its peak, the Islamic Civilization extended into Central Asia, Northern Africa, the Middle East and Southern Spain.
    • Civilization was spread by merchants, mystics and warriors
    • Established key links for trade between the Mediterranean Region and Southeastern Asia.
the arabian peninsula before islam
The Arabian Peninsula Before Islam
  • The Arabian Peninsula is covered by inhospitable desert.
  • Many Bedouin and nomadic cultures develop based on camel and goat herding
  • They developed small towns around oasis’s.
  • Bedouins lived in smaller clans and were part of larger tribes that only herded together during times of crisis.
  • A great loyalty depended within the clans.
clan life
Clan Life
  • There were very prominent social classes in the clan life
    • Shaykhs- elected leaders of the clan or tribe.
    • Free Warriors- Made up most of the clan.
    • Slave Families- people from other clans who were conquered
  • Fierce Inter clan rivalries developed and lots of blood was spilled because of these rivalries.
towns and trade
Towns and Trade
  • Cities developed as trade centers along the Red Sea.
  • The most important trade centers were Mecca and Medina
  • Mecca was founded by the Umayyad clan and they became the political and economic leaders.
  • Because Mecca was the site of the Ka’ba, many people flocked to the city and that provided people to trade with.
  • Medina was a smaller trade town compared to Mecca and focused on long-distance caravan trade.
marriage and family in pre islamic arabia
Marriage and Family in Pre- Islamic Arabia
  • In Bedouin cultures, women enjoyed a greater freedom and status then did the women in the cities
  • Women played key economic roles and descent was traced through women.
  • Women were allowed multiple marriage partners just like men and men had to pay a pay-bride price.
  • Although they enjoyed these rights, women were not equal to men.
poets and neglected gods
Poets and Neglected Gods
  • There was very little art or architecture in pre-islamic society
  • The focus of Bedouin art was on orally transmitted poems
  • Poems told of heroics in war and society.
  • Most clans were polytheistic
  • Religion played a very small role in the society of pre-islamic Arabia as tribal customs and unwritten laws of code dominated society.
the life of muhammad
The Life of Muhammad
  • He was born in 570 CE into the Quraysh tribe.
  • He lost both his mother and father early in his life and was raised by his paternal Uncle.
  • He worked as a merchant for Khadijah, who he soon married.
  • He traveled across Arabia and became aware of the clan rivalries that dominate Arabia.
  • He became increasingly aware of the monotheistic tendencies surrounding Arabia.
  • He began spending more time meditating and in 610 CE received his first revelation from the the angel Gabriel and began preaching it.
persecution flight and victory
Persecution, Flight and Victory
  • Muhammad’s following was very small at first but soon grew to become much bigger
  • Umayyad’s plotted to murder him so he fled to Medina, who invited him to help them stop a civil war.
  • He and his followers made the trek, which is called the hijra.
  • He solved the conflict and with that attracted more followers.
  • After a series of battles, a treaty between Muhammad and the Umayyad was signed.
  • Muhammad came back to Mecca, smashed the idols outside the Ka’ba and eventually won over the Umayyad.
arabs and islam
Arabs and Islam
  • The monotheistic aspect of Islam was able to give Arabia a religion that transcended the clan divisions.
  • The religion was able to bring together the region and create a sort of political unity.
  • This political unity helped in the conquering of all the lands that they did and the creation of the global empire
  • Because Islam stressed equality, the wealthy began helping the poor and charity was a mandatory aspect of the religion
elements of islam
Elements of Islam
  • Muhammad stressed that Islam was just a refinement of Judaism and Christianity and he accepted both of them.
  • He stressed the Five Pillars:
    • No God but Allah
    • Pray five times a day while facing Mecca
    • Fast during Ramadan
    • Zakat
    • The hajj
bibliography pictures
Bibliography (pictures)