Social Justice Sandra Taylor and colleagues (Taylor et al. 1997) argue there are three main traditions: • Liberal-individualism (Rawls) 2. Market-individualism (Nozick) 3. Social-democratic tradition (Marx)
Social Justice as Redistribution and recognition (Fraser 1997)
'The concepts of domination and oppression, rather than the concept of distribution, should be the starting point for a conception of social justice....’ (Young 1990, pp. 15-16) Five ‘faces of oppression': • Exploitation • Marginalisation • Powerlessness • Cultural imperialism • Violence.
1. Social justice is dynamic - never can be achieved, always subject to revision (a verb). 2. 'The good for each person both affects and depends on the good for all‘. 3. Social justice depends on both redistribution and recognition. 4. Need to understand it in terms of local 'little stories' and 'grand narratives‘. Griffiths (2003, p. 55)
References Fraser, N. (1997). Justice Interruptus: Critical reflections on the 'postsocialist' condition. New York, Routledge. Griffiths, M. (2003). Action for Social Justice in Education: Fairly Different. Maidenhead, Open University Press. Taylor, S., F. Rizvi, B. Lingard and M. Henry (1997). Educational Policy and the Politics of Change. London, Routledge. Young, I. M. (1990). Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, Princeton University Press.