Problem Behaviors of Children by Parents’ Marital Status 10 Divorce 9 Intact Marriage 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Lied About Something Important Stole from a Store Damaged School Property Drunk Hurt Someone Enough to Need a Doctor Had to Bring Parents to School Skipped School without Permission Source: National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health Wave 2, 1996
Source: C. Harper and S. McLanahan, “Father Absence and Youth Incarceration,” ASA Annual Meeting, San Francisco, August 1998. Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth.
HEALTH, MENTAL HEALTH
Adolescents in Poor Health by Family StructureSource: The National Longitudinal Study of AddHealth, Wave II (1996) PA58
SEXUALITY AND MARRIAGE
“Rejection/Ambivalence Ratio” for Every 100 Children Born 70 Children Aborted Children of Divorce 60 Children born out of Wedlock 50 40 30 20 10 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 Source: National Center for Health Statistics data and Alan Guttmacher Institute data
Choice is “the causation under our control” Intergenerational consequences of choice in family issues and behaviors. • Teaching our children to be their own cause • Two paths on sexuality : Monogamy or Not • The way we treat sexual intercourse structures society
Marriage Makes a Difference • Especially if children are to reach their potential • But also for the family’s income --- But income is endogenous to family structure • On every outcome measured the cohort of children from intact married families does best ..always, everywhere.
The nation thrives to the degree families are intact. The nation pays to the degree they are not. • Rejection weakens; belonging strengthens • Especially rejection or belonging between mother and father.
Congress saw the need to restore marriage in 1996 • But punted to the states.. Oklahoma took it up • Congress acted on teenage Out of Wedlock Births • Introduced and financed Abstinence Education Programs • Feds now have 2 sex education policies
5 Tasks --- 5 Institutions Family / Sex Affection Church / Worship School / Education Government/ Citizen Marketplace/ Income
WWW. FAMILYFACTS. ORG For Journal Research Findings
WWW. HERITAGE. ORG For Maps of Family And Religion
The End ----- Is To Belong