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Shakespeare. 1. William Shakespeare was born in April 23, 1564. He was the third of seven children of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden Shakespeare. John ’ s parents were tenants on land owned by Mary ’ s parents, so they grew up next to each other. They were married in 1556.

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1. William Shakespeare was born in April 23, 1564. He was the third of seven children of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden Shakespeare. John’s parents were tenants on land owned by Mary’s parents, so they grew up next to each other. They were married in 1556.
2. John Shakespeare was a glove maker in Stratford-On-Avon, a typical market town in England. Most of the inhabitants, numbering some 2,000 at that time, were engaged in agriculture, or small scale industry.
  • 3. Since Mary’s parents were property owners, and John was a successful businessman, their children received formal education until the age of sixteen. Their son, William, was enrolled in the local grammar school where he studied Latin, rhetoric, Greek and Roman mythology, history, and the Bible.
4. In 1565, John Shakespeare became Alderman of Stratford, and by 1571, he held the coveted office of Bailiff (sort of like a local justice of the peace). One of John’s many duties was to preview touring theater companies that wished to perform in Stratford before granting them a license to appear.
  • 5. By the time William was sixteen, he had grown into a handsome fellow, and met Anne Hathaway. They were married by special consideration from the Bishop of Worchester, on November 28, 1582. Shortly thereafter, their first child, Susana, was born. Two years later the couple had twins named Hamnet and Judeth.
6. William, who had always harbored a desire to be a poet and a writer, heard of the outbreak of new theatres in London. He packed his things, and left his family in Stratford to try his luck in the new theatres of London.
  • 7. He worked first as a “horseman” (sort of a valet / parking attendant for horses) at one of the local theatres, and then finally as an apprentice for one of the local acting companies called “The Queen’s Men.” It was so named because the company enjoyed the support and patronage of the Queen herself. William appeared on stage, as did all apprentices, in small roles, working his way up to playing the female parts.
8. Between 1587 and 1592, “The Queen’s Men” gave fourteen performances for the Queen’s Court. As part of the company, Shakespeare received quite an education in manners and diplomacy, all very necessary ingredients for a successful career as an artist in those days.
  • 9. Shakespeare began writing during this period, and by 1592 he had written the three parts of Henry VI and was gaining popularity as a dramatist.
10. In 1592, London was besieged by a great plague. Much like tuberculosis or our modern day AIDS, the plague wiped out a huge number of people and lasted until 1594. During this period, the theaters were closed, and Shakespeare returned to Stratford to be with his family. While in Stratford , he wrote many of his comedies, including The Comedy of Errors, The Taming of the Shrew, and Two Gentlemen of Verona.
  • 11. It was during this time that Shakespeare first began to write sonnets and long poems, which resulted in the patronage of many nobility, the most famous of which was Henry Writhesley, the Earl of Southhampton.
12. When the theatres re-opened in 1594, Shakespeare once again left for London. By then, all of the companies had disbanded, with the exception of “The Chamberlain’s Men” and “The Admiral’s Men.” Shakespeare joined “The Chamberlain’s Men” and his theatrical career blossomed.
  • 13. In 1596, the Shakespeare family was granted a “coat-of-arms” raising its status in the community; Shakespeare was now a “gentleman.” Later that same year, tragedy struck William’s life with the death of his son, Hamnet. It is thought that the death of his son inspired the writing of his tragic masterpiece Hamlet, and it is in the wake of his grief that Winter’s Tale was penned.
14. During the course of the next twelve years, Shakespeare wrote another dozen plays.
  • 15. His father died in 1601, followed by his mother in 1608, and Shakespeare retired to Stratford in 1610. There he wrote his final play The Tempest, and died on April 23, 1616.
  • 16. Shakespeare is credited with having written thirty-seven plays during his lifetime.
macbeth notes
  • Drama
  • Type of Work:
  • Author:
  • Type of Plot:
  • Time of Plot:
  • Locale:
  • First Presented:
  • William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616)
  • Romantic Tragedy
  • Eleventh Century
  • Scotland
  • 1606
  • This shortest of Shakespeare’s four major tragedies was written to be performed for King James I and was designed to appeal the king’s fascination with witchcraft and supernatural phenomena. The play explores the nature of ambition and the complexities of moral responsibility through the story of a nobleman driven to murder at the instigation of his power-hungry wife. Macbeth’s doom is fixed at the first evil act, after which he descends deeper and deeper into degradation in an attempt to conceal his crime and protect his new position of power.
  • Duncan: King of Scotland. Gentle and trusting, he shows great kindness to Macbeth. His murder by Macbeth is therefore almost incredibly fiendish.
  • Malcolm– King Duncan’s eldest son. Far more cautious and shrewd than his father, he leaves for England to escape possible assassination. He is reluctant to give his trust to Macduff but finally, realizing his loyalty, accepts his aid in taking back the throne of Scotland.
  • Donalbain: King Duncan’s younger son. After consulting with Malcolm, he agrees to take a separate path going to Ireland so that the potential heirs to the throne would not be accessible to a common assassination.
  • Macbeth: He is thane of Glamis, later thane of Cawdor and the King of Scotland. A brave and successful military leader, potentially a good and great man, he wins general admiration as well as particular gratitude of King Duncan, whose kinsman (familial relation) he is. Meeting the three weirdsisters, he succumbs to their tempting prophecies; but he also needs the urging of his wife to become a traitor, murderer, and a usurper. He is gifted, or cursed, with a powerful imagination and with fiery, poetic language. Gaining power, he grows more ruthless, until finally he loses all vestiges of humanity. He dies desperately, cheated by the ambiguous prophecies, in full realization of the worthlessness of the fruits of his ambition.
  • Lady Macbeth: The strong-willed, persuasive and charming wife of Macbeth. Ambitious for her husband’s glory, she finds herself unable to kill King Duncan in his sleep, because he looks like her father. As Macbeth becomes more inhuman, she becomes more remorseful and breaks under the strain of her guilt. In her sleepwalking, she relives the events of the night of the king’s murder and tries to wash her hands clean of imaginary bloodstains.
  • Banquo: He is Macbeth’s fellow commander. A man of noble character, seemingly unmoved by the prophecy of the three weird sisters that he will be the father of kings, he is not completely innocent; he does not disclose his suspicions of Macbeth, and he accepts a place in Macbeth’s court. After being murdered by Macbeth’s assassins, Banquo’s ghost appears at a ceremonial banquet. His blood-spattered ghost, visible only to Macbeth, unnerves the king completely. In the final vision shown Mackbeth by the three weird sisters, Banquo and his line of king appears.
  • The Three Weird Sisters (a.k.a. Three Witches): They are sinister hags who seem more like tellers of Fates than conventional witches. To Macbeth they make prophetic statements which are true, yet deceptive. Their prophecy of his becoming the thane of Cawdor is immediately fulfilled, tempting him to take direct action to carry out the second prophecy, that he shall be king. They lull him into a false sense of security by telling him that he has nothing to fear until Birnan wood comes to Dunsinane, and that he cannot be killed by any man of a woman born.
noblemen of scotland
Noblemen of Scotland
  • Macduff: He is the thane of Fife. He and Lennox arrive at Macbeth’s castle just after the murder of King Duncan, and Macduff discovers the body. A brave but prudent man, he flees Scotland and offers help to Malcolm. Underestimating the villainy of Macbeth’s character, he is shocked at hearing of the vicious murder of his wife and children. He becomes a steel-hearted avenger. At the end, he deprives Macbeth of his last symbol of security.
noblemen of scotland18
Noblemen of Scotland
  • Lennox: Macduff’s companion
  • Menteith, Angus and Caithness: Noblemen who join Malcolm against Macbeth
  • Fleance: Son of Banquo. He escapes the murderers who killed his father and lives to haunt Macbeth with the three witches prophecy that kings will spring from Banquo’s line.
  • Siward– Earl of Northumberland, the general of the English forces supporting Malcolm. He is a noble father who accepts the death of his son stoically.
noblemen of scotland19
Noblemen of Scotland
  • Young Siward– The general’s son who dies in hand-to-hand combat with Macbeth
  • A Scottish Doctor- Called in to minister to Lady Macbeth, he is witness to her sleepwalking in which she relives the night of the murder.
  • Captain: A wounded survivor of the battle at the beginning of the play. He reports to King Duncan t he heroism of Macbeth and Banquo.
noblemen of scotland20
Noblemen of Scotland
  • A Porter: The comical drunkard. Roused by the knocking at the castle door, he pretends to the gatekeeper of hell and imagines various candidates clamoring for admission. The audience, knowing of Duncan’s murder, can realize how ironically near the truth is the idea of the castle as hell.
  • Hectate: the goddess of witchcraft. It is generally accepted among Shakespearean scholars that Hectate is an addition to the play by another author, perhaps Thomas Middleton, author of “The Witch.”
act i
Act I
  • Literary Terms:
  • a. Foreshadowing– a hint given to the reader of what is to come
  • Example: “Fair is foul and foul is fair…” (Act I, Scene I)
  • b. Soliloquy– a dramatic convention that allows a character alone on stage to speak his or her thoughts aloud. Important tool to developing characters and plot.
  • Example: Lady Macbeth’s introductory speech (Act I, Scene V)
act 1 scene 1
Act 1 - scene 1
  • 1. What are the characters introduced in Scene I?
  • The 3 witches
  • 2. How would you interpret the line “Fair is foul, and foul is fair”?
  • (Foreshadowing) It indicates that all is not as it should be; things are in a confused state; It foreshadows events to come and sets the tone of the play
act 1 scene 123
Act 1 - scene 1
  • 3. What specific plan is mentioned?
  • The 3 witches plan to meet Macbeth upon the heath after the battle
act 1 scene 2
Act 1 - scene 2
  • 4. What two men are leading troops into battle against Duncan?
  • Madonwald, King of Norway, and the thane of Cawdor
  • 5. Who defeated and killed Macdonwald?
  • Macbeth
act 1 scene 225
Act 1 - scene 2
  • 6. What is the Thane of Cawdor’s punishment for his traitorous activities?
  • He is to be killed
  • 7. Who will receive his title?
  • Macbeth
act 1 scene 3
Act 1 - scene 3
  • 8. What revenge does the witch plan for the sailor whose wife wouldn’t share her chestnuts?
  • The witch plans to steal his sleep and to beset his voyage with bad weather
  • 9. What do lines 24 – 25 indicate about the witches’ power?
  • Their power is limited. They can influence events but they cannot completely control them
act 1 scene 327
Act 1 - scene 3
  • 10. What predictions do the witches make for Macbeth?
  • That he will be the thane of Cawdor and eventually king
  • 11. Why does Macbeth react the way he does to the witches’ predictions?
  • He is startled because the witches have voiced his secret ambition to be king.
act 1 scene 328
Act 1 - scene 3
  • 12.. What prediction do the witches make for Banquo?
  • Though he will not be king, he will beget kings
  • 13. In lines 132 – 141, what is the “horrid image” of which Macbeth speaks?
  • The temptation to murder the king and thus gain the crown
act 1 scene 4
Act 1 - scene 4
  • 14. What further reward does Macbeth hope to receive from Duncan?
  • He hopes to be named Duncan’s successor
  • 15. In lines 35 – 39, who is named to succeed Duncan to the throne?
  • Malcolm, his son
act 1 scene 430
Act 1 - scene 4
  • 16. In lines 48 – 53, how does Macbeth react to the announcement?
  • Macbeth is shocked, but covers it. He still does not abandon his plan to be king.
  • 17. Where is Duncan to spend the night?
  • Macbeth’s castle
act 1 scene 5
Act 1 - scene 5
  • 18. What does the nature of the letter reveal about Macbeth’s relationship with his wife?
  • The letter reveals that they are both ambitious, she even more than he.
  • 19. In lines 13 – 22, how does Lady Macbeth characterize her husband?
  • She describes him as ambitious, but without the determination and unscrupulousness to support it.
act 1 scene 532
Act 1 - scene 5
  • 20. In lines 36 – 40, why does Lady Macbeth call upon the spirits to “unsex” her?
  • She wants to rid herself of womanly emotions so as to be able to commit the murder of Duncan
  • 21. In lines 59 – 63, what warning does she give Macbeth?
  • She warns him to be careful of his expressions; to look innocent and welcoming to hide his real feelings.
act 1 scene 6
Act 1 - scene 6
  • 22. What action takes place in Scene 6?
  • Duncan, with his sons and attendants, arrives at Macbeth’s castle
  • 23. How does Lady Macbeth greet Duncan?
  • Graciously, thanking him for the honors he has heaped on their house; however, there seems to be a double meaning to what she says
act 1 scene 7
Act 1 - scene 7
  • 24. In his soliloquy in lines 1 – 28, what reasons does Macbeth give for not wanting to kill Duncan?
  • He fears the consequences; Duncan is his kinsman, he is Duncan’s host, and should protect him. In addition, Duncan has been a mild and virtuous king.
  • 25. What reason against the murder does he give Lady Macbeth?
  • He tells her that he is unwilling to risk tainting his newly won honors
act 1 scene 735
Act 1 - scene 7
  • 26. In lines 36 – 39, what does Lady Macbeth imply about Macbeth’s love for her?
  • She implies that if he can change his mind so easily without reason, so maybe his love for her also is changeable
  • 27. What finally causes Macbeth to commit the murder?
  • He becomes convinced that he can cast blame on Duncan’s men
act 1 scene 736
Act 1 - scene 7
  • 28. What seems to be Macbeth’s weakest character trait?
  • His weakest trait is moral ambivalence. It prevents him from being a man of action and allows his wife to manipulate him.
act 1 scene 737
Act 1 - scene 7
  • 29. An aside is a speech spoken by a character apart from other characters. (It produces a type of dramatic irony). It cannot be heard by the other characters on the stage. What do such speeches reveal?
  • They reveal the character’s inner thoughts to the audience, but not to the other characters.
act ii scene 1
Act II - scene 1
  • Literary Terms:
      • Comic Relief– an amusing episode in a serious or tragic work, especially a drama, that is introduced by the writer to relieve the tension of the audience.
  • Example: The drunken porter at the gate (Act II, Scene III)
act ii scene 139
Act II - scene 1
  • 1. What “cursed thoughts” does Banquo have?
  • Banquo is haunted with thoughts about the three witches’ predictions, and he harbors suspicions of Macbeth
  • 2. What lie does Macbeth tell Banquo?
  • He says he does not think of the witches
act ii scene 140
Act II - scene 1
  • 3. What is the meaning of Banquo’s answer to Macbeth in lines 26 – 28?
  • Banquo repeats that he is loyal to Duncan
  • 4. What causes Macbeth to see a dagger?
  • His guilt and turmoil over the planned murder causes him to see the vision
act ii scene 141
Act II - scene 1
  • 5.At the end of Scene 1, a bell rings. What do you think is the significance of this?
  • The bell is a signal from Lady Macbeth that the time is right for the murder to be committed.
act ii scene 2
Act II - scene 2
  • 6. What omen of death does Lady Macbeth hear?
  • The screech of an owl
  • 7. Why does Lady Macbeth say she didn’t commit the murder herself?
  • Because the sleeping Duncan looked like her father
act ii scene 243
Act II - scene 2
  • 8. What words about himself does Macbeth believe he hears? (lines 35 – 36 and 42-43)
  • That Macbeth will sleep no more, that he has “murdered sleep’
  • 9. How did Macbeth mismanage the murder?
  • He brought the daggers away with him
act ii scene 244
Act II - scene 2
  • 10. Both Macbeth and his lady comment upon the effectiveness of water in cleansing away their involvement in the deed. How do they differ?
  • Macbeth says all the water in the ocean will redden from his hands rather than wash away the blood; Lady Macbeth says, ,”A little water clears us from the deed.”
act ii scene 3
Act II - scene 3
  • 11. Why has Macduff come to Macbeth’s castle?
  • He comes at the king’s command
  • 12. What unusual things happened to Macduff and Lennox during the night?
  • It was a windy night. “Strange screams of death” were in the air. The owl, the omen of death, screeched all night.
act ii scene 346
Act II - scene 3
  • 13. Who discovers the murder?
  • Macduff
  • 14. Why does Macbeth kill the king’s men?
  • So they could not protest or prove their innocence
act ii scene 347
Act II - scene 3
  • 15. Why might Lady Macbeth pretend to faint?
  • To distract attention from Macbeth
  • 16. In lines 128 – 139, what actions do Malcolm and Donalbain take?
  • They flee to separate countries to protect themselves
act ii scene 4
Act II - scene 4
  • 17. In lines 5 – 20, Ross and the Old Man discuss the strange events occurring. How are these strange events similar?
  • All are unnatural acts and show the disorder in nature (darkness during the day)
  • 18. How does popular opinion account for the murder?
  • It is believed that Malcolm and Donalbain hired the king’s men to do it
act ii scene 449
Act II - scene 4
  • 19. Who has been named king?
  • Macbeth
  • 20. Why does Macduff not plan to attend Macbeth’s coronation?
  • He is suspicious of Macbeth’s rapid succession to the throne
act ii scene 450
Act II - scene 4
  • 21. Name three characters who have shown they are suspicious of Macbeth’s rapid ascent to the throne?
  • Banquo, Macduff, Ross, and possibly Malcolm and Donalbain
act iii scene 1
Act III - scene 1
  • Literary Terms:
      • Plot– In the simplest sense, a series of happenings in a literary work; but it is often used to refer to the story’s action as it is organized around a conflict and builds through complication to a climax, followed by a denouement (dey-noo-mahn)(i.e. resolution)
act iii scene 152
Act III - scene 1
  • 1. Conflict– struggle between opposing forces (Example: Macbeth and Duncan; more likely the struggle between Macbeth’s two natures – his ambivalence between ambition and his desire to act correctly).
  • 2. Climax– point in the story when the play’s action changes course and begins to resolve itself (Example: Act III, where Macbeth’s evil nature wins out because he now sees murder as a cure-all or solution to all his problems, and everyone is starting to suspect Macbeth is the murderer).
act iii scene 153
Act III - scene 1
  • 3. Denouement– French for resolution; point in the story where the conflict is finally decided one way or another, and all questions are usually answered. (Example: Act V where the witches’ prophecies are fulfilled, yet not as Macbeth had anticipated).
act iii scene 154
Act III - scene 1
  • Phil. 2:3 Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit, but in humility consider others better than yourselves.
act iii scene 155
Act III - scene 1
  • 1. What suspicions does Banquo voice? What does he say that lets us know what he suspects?
  • He is suspicious of Macbeth as Duncan’s murderer
  • 2. Who besides Banquo knows of the witches’ prophecies?
  • Only Macbeth and Lady Macbeth
act iii scene 156
Act III - scene 1
  • 3. Why does Macbeth question Banquo about his plans?
  • Macbeth is plotting Banquo’s murder and needs to know where Banquo will be / Lines 2- 3 “I fear / Thou play’dst most foully for it.”
  • 4. In lines 49 – 72, what suspicions does Macbeth harbor?
  • Macbeth fears that Banquo may plot his (Macbeth’s) death; his ambition is such that he believes others to be ambitious for themselves
act iii scene 157
Act III - scene 1
  • 5. What does Macbeth tell the murderers about Banquo?
  • That Banquo has wronged them and that he is their enemy as well as Macbeth’s enemy
  • 6. According to Macbeth, why does he himself not kill Banquo? (lines 116-126)
  • Because mutual friends would denounce him
act iii scene 158
Act III - scene 1
  • 7. Who else are the murderers supposed to kill?
  • Fleance, Banquo’s son
act iii scene 2
Act III - scene 2
  • 8. What is the meaning of Lady Macbeth’s saying, “Naught’s had, all’s spent, / Where our desire is got without content”?
  • She and Macbeth are not any happier now that they have gotten their wish to become king and queen
  • 9. In lines 13 – 22, from what affliction does Macbeth suffer?
  • Terrible dreams
act iii scene 260
Act III - scene 2
  • 10. In line 35, Lady Macbeth says, “You must leave this.” What does she mean?
  • She is telling Macbeth that he must stop brooding over Duncan’s murder
  • 11. Is Lady Macbeth aware that Macbeth has planned the death of Banquo and Fleance?
  • No.
act iii scene 261
Act III - scene 2
  • 12. How is the planning of Banquo’s murder different from that of Duncan’s?
  • Macbeth has taken a firm lead in planning Banquo’s death whereas Lady Macbeth had to urge him to kill / murder Duncan.
act iii scene 3
Act III - scene 3
  • 13. Who is murdered in this scene?
  • Banquo
  • 14. Who escapes?
  • Fleance
act iii scene 363
Act III - scene 3
  • 15. What is Banquo’s dying request to Fleance?
  • To avenge his death
act iii scene 4
Act III - scene 4
  • 16. What activity opens the scene?
  • The banquet at Macbeth’s castle
  • 17. Who joins the assembled group, sitting in Macbeth’s place?
  • Banquo’s ghost
act iii scene 465
Act III - scene 4
  • 18. How does Lady Macbeth explain Macbeth’s reaction?
  • She tells the group that he has been prone to such fits since he was a child
  • 19. What is Lady Macbeth’s reaction to Macbeth’s claim of seeing Banquo’s ghost?
  • She disregards it, saying, “When all’s done / you look but on a stool.”
act iii scene 466
Act III - scene 4
  • 20. To what other event in the play is this ghostly appearance similar?
  • To the appearance of the dagger earlier in the play
  • 21. Why does Lady Macbeth ask everyone to leave?
  • Because Macbeth is speaking aloud to the ghost within the hearing of those present
act iii scene 467
Act III - scene 4
  • 22. Who refused the banquet invitation?
  • Macduff
  • 23. What is Macbeth’s plan for the next day?
  • To send for Macduff and to go to see the witches
act iii scene 468
Act III - scene 4
  • 24. To what does Macbeth attribute his condition? (lines 142 – 143)
  • He attributes it to the fact that he is new to murder
act iii scene 5
Act III - scene 5
  • 25. What does Hecate plan to do?
  • To further plot Macbeth’s downfall
act iii scene 6
Act III - scene 6
  • 26. What is implied in Lennox’s speech at the opening of the scene?
  • He is suspicious of the circumstances of the murders and suspects Macbeth
  • 27. Where has Macduff gone?
  • To join Malcolm in England
act iii scene 671
Act III - scene 6
  • 28. What does he hope to do?
  • He hopes to raise forces against Macbeth
  • 29. What purpose does this scene serve?
  • It summarizes events that have taken place
act iii scene 672
Act III - scene 6
  • 30. Macbeth thinks that his agitation and sleeplessness will lessen in time. Do you believe this will happen?
  • It is doubtful, that this will be the case, since he plots even more murders
act iv scene 1
Act IV - scene 1
  • 1. What does each of the three apparitions say to Macbeth?
  • 1st– says Macbeth should beware of Macduff
  • 2nd – says that “none of woman born shall harm Macbeth”
  • 3rd – says Macbeth will not be conquered until Birnam wood moves to Dunsinane
act iv scene 174
Act IV - scene 1
  • 2. Why do the witches show Macbeth the eight kings?
  • Because all the kings are descended from Banquo
  • 3. What does Macbeth order to be done when he hears that Macduff has fled to England?
  • He orders the death of Macduff’s wife and children
act iv scene 175
Act IV - scene 1
  • 4. How would you describe Macbeth now, as compared to his earlier ambivalence?
  • He is no longer ambivalent; he is “bloody, bold and resolute.”
act iv scene 2
Act IV - scene 2
  • 5. What has Ross just told Lady Macduff?
  • That Macduff has fled to England
  • 6. How does Lady Macduff react to this news?
  • She says his flight to England is madness, not wisdom, since it left his wife and children behind
act iv scene 277
Act IV - scene 2
  • 7. In line 61, a messenger enters. What does the messenger tell Lady Macduff to do?
  • He tells her to escape with her kids
  • 8. Who is killed in the scene?
  • Macduff’s son is killed, one can assume that Macduff’s wife and the rest of his children are also slain
act iv scene 278
Act IV - scene 2
  • 9. Why are the murders even more terrible than those previously committed?
  • These murders are more terrible because Macduff’s wife and kids are no threat to Macbeth. It is a senseless crime.
act iv scene 3 4
Act IV - scene 3 & 4
  • 10. Why is Macduff’s speech in lines 4 – 6 ironic?
  • Because Macduff is talking about widows and orphans, and he doesn’t know that his family has been killed
  • 11. Why doesn’t Malcolm trust Macduff?
  • He thinks it’s possible that Macduff is still loyal to Macbeth. He says, “He hath not touched you yet.”
act iv scene 3 480
Act IV - scene 3 & 4
  • 12. In lines 25 – 28, what does Malcolm ask Macduff?
  • He asks why Macduff left his family without even telling them good bye or where he was going
  • 13. What forces has Malcolm promised?
  • He has been promised “goodly thousands” by the King of England
act iv scene 3 481
Act IV - scene 3 & 4
  • 14. Summarize Malcolm’s confession to Macduff in lines 57 - 100.
  • He tells Macduff that he is lustful and greedy and that he has no kingly virtues
  • (Reverse Psychology)
  • 15. Why does Malcolm say these things to Macduff?
  • To test Macduff’s loyalty to Malcolm, and to Scotland
act iv scene 3 482
Act IV - scene 3 & 4
  • 16. In lines 114 – 137, what does Malcolm tell Macduff?
  • That he is not as he described himself to be in the previous speeches
  • 17. In lines 164 – 173, what news about the condition of Scotland does Ross bring?
  • He says that all in Scotland is “Violent Scotland” and death
act iv scene 3 483
Act IV - scene 3 & 4
  • 18. What personal information does Ross bring to Macduff?
  • He bears the news that Macduff’s wife and kids have been slaughtered
  • 19. In lines 228 – 229, what does Malcolm tell Macduff to do?
  • He urges Macduff to change grief to anger, the better to get revenge
act iv scene 3 484
Act IV - scene 3 & 4
  • 20. Is the dialogue between Lady Macduff and her son in Scene 2 essential to the plot? What purpose does it serve?
  • Perhaps it is not essential, but it makes the murders a more hideous crime by showing Macduff’s familiy to be a happy, loving family.
act v scene 1
Act V - scene 1
  • 1. What does her sleepwalking reveal about Lady Macbeth’s conscience?
  • Lady Macbeth is overcome with guilt
  • 2. How is her hand-washing symbolic?
  • In repeatedly washing away imaginary blood, she is trying to wash away guilt
act v scene 2
Act V - scene 2
  • 3. Where are the noblemen to meet Malcolm?
  • Near Birnam wood
  • 4. What is reported about Macbeth?
  • It is reported that events are out of Macbeth’s control, and that some say he is mad (crazy)
act v scene 3
Act V - scene 3
  • 5. Why does Macbeth claim to feel no fear?
  • Because of the witches’ prophecies. He thinks he is safe because every man is born of a woman
  • 6. In lines 19 – 29, how does Macbeth indicate what he really feels?
  • Sick at heart
act v scene 4
Act V - scene 4
  • 7. Where does this scene take place?
  • In the country near Birnam wood
  • 8. What are Malcolm’s instructions to his soldiers? Why does he have them do this?
  • For each to chop off a tree branch and carry it in front of him. This will prevent the enemy from knowing how large a force Malcolm has.
act v scene 489
Act V - scene 4
  • 9. According to Malcolm in lines 10 – 14, what is the quality of Macbeth’s troops?
  • Both the nobles and the common people are in revolt; his troops do not serve him from loyalty but from fear
act v scene 5
Act V - scene 5
  • 10. What news does Seyton give Macbeth?
  • That the queen is dead
  • 11. What do lines 24 – 28 mean?
  • Macbeth says life is brief and meaningless
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Act V - scene 5
  • 12. Of what does the messenger inform Macbeth?
  • He tells of a moving wood approaching Dunsinane from the direction of Birnam
act v scene 6
Act V - scene 6
  • 13. What is accomplished in this scene?
  • Malcolm, Siward, and Macduff divide the troups and make plans for the battle
act v scene 7
Act V - scene 7
  • 14. How does Macbeth feel in lines 1 – 4?
  • He feels trapped and cornered
  • 15. Who is slain by Macbeth?
  • Young Siward
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Act V - scene 7
  • 16. What has happened to some of Macbeth’s men?
  • They have joined Malcolm’s forces
act v scene 8
Act V - scene 8
  • 17. What does Macduff tell Macbeth about his birth?
  • He was torn from his mother’s womb and therefore is not technically considered “of woman born”
  • 18. Who kills Macbeth?
  • Macduff
act v scene 9
Act V - scene 9
  • 19. Who will be King of Scotland?
  • Malcolm
  • 20. What was the character flaw that resulted in Macbeth’s downfall?
  • Ambition (moral ambivalence / arrogance)
act v scene 997
Act V - scene 9
  • 21. As Macbeth becomes increasingly obsessed with protecting his position, he also becomes more and more isolated and alienated. How is that demonstrated in his relationship with his wife?
  • By Act 4, Lady Macbeth is no longer involved with Macbeth’s affairs. In act 5, her death gets little comment from him. He seems unconcerned.