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The World Bank. Managing the Politics of Reform: A Case Study on Public Procurement Reform in the Philippines. Presented by: Ed Campos Coordinator, Governance & Anticorruption Thematic Group Public Sector Governance (PREM). Presented to:. Governance and Anticorruption Course

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The World Bank

Managing the Politics of Reform: A Case Study on Public Procurement Reform in the Philippines

Presented by:

Ed Campos

Coordinator, Governance & Anticorruption Thematic Group

Public Sector Governance (PREM)

Presented to:

Governance and Anticorruption Course

PREM and Asia Learning Special Pilot for SAR

Washington, D.C.

Feb. 14 -16, 2006

slide2

The initial ascent … getting to ‘base camp’…

State in a Changing World (97)

O.P. Mainstreaming AC in CAS (99)

Governance Strategy (00)

Governance Pillar - CDF (98)

Strategic Compact (97)

  • Public Expenditure, Financial Mgt. & Procurement Reforms
  • Diagnostic/Data/ Monitoring Tools
  • Administrative & Civil Service Reform
  • Civil Society Voice, Accountability, Media & Transparency Mechanisms
  • State Capture/Corporate Governance
  • Legal/Judicial Reform

JDW “Cancer of Corruption” Speech (10/96)

WDR on Institutions 1982

Gov/A-C Diagnostics start (98)

Anti-corruption Strategy (97)

TI CPI (5/95)

Broadening & Mainstreaming

The ‘Prohibition’ Era

Internal AC unit created in WB (98)

1st set of firms Debarred from WB (99)

Formalization of INT (01)

1970

1980

1990

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

cutting edge diagnostics
Cutting Edge Diagnostics

PER

HIPC E.T.

ROSC

CPAR

EC Audits

Public Official Surveys

IGR & GAC & Governance Cross-Country Ind.

CFAA

QSDS

SCORE CARDS

PETs

BEEPS & INVEST.

CLIMATE

promoting reforms changing the landscape
Promoting Reforms: Changing the Landscape

Desired

State

(Good Equilibrium)

Status Quo

(Bad Equilibrium)

promoting reforms changing the landscape1
Promoting Reforms: Changing the Landscape

Desired

State

(Good Equilibrium)

Status Quo

(Bad Equilibrium)

Conditionality

promoting reforms changing the landscape2
Promoting Reforms: Changing the Landscape

Desired

State

(Good Equilibrium)

Status Quo

(Bad Equilibrium)

“Well Oiled Machine”

slide8

From ‘Shot Gun’…

The Great Wall of Corruption

slide9

… to ‘Laser Beam’…

The Great Wall

of Corruption

background why procurement reforms
Background: Why Procurement Reforms?

Survey Findings

Legal Foundations

a Mess

Government procurement

and tax collection are

perceived to be the major

sources of corruption:

  • 4 of the top 5 most corrupt

agencies featured prominently in

government contracting

  • Approximately 20% of govt.

contracts go to kickbacks/

commissions

  • Equivalent to P21 B in 2001 just

for the national government; much

larger if BOT transactions and local

government are included

Over 100 laws,

regulations,

executive orders etc.

governing

public procurement

slide11

Pre-qualification

(5-7 months)

7.5 to 12 months

Pre-bidConference

(2 weeks)

Bid Analysis

(1-3 months)

Award of contract

(1 - 1.5 months)

slide12

Eligibility Check

(1 day)

Pre-bidConference

(2 weeks)

Bid Analysis

(1 - 4 weeks)

2 to 3 months

Post-qualification

(1 - 2 weeks)

Award of contract

(1 month)

getting from bad to good creating a well oiled machine
Getting from “bad” to good”?:Creating a Well Oiled Machine
  • How tounify the Executive branch?
  • How tomobilize civil society groups?
  • How tolink CSOs and reformers in government?
  • How torecruit “champions” in the Legislature?
getting from bad to good creating a well oiled machine1
Getting from “bad” to good”?:Creating a Well Oiled Machine
  • How tounify the Executive branch?
  • How tomobilize civil society groups?
  • How tolink CSOs and reformers in government?
  • How torecruit “champions” in the Legislature?
  • Ownership is critical
  • “Shoot down” workshop
  • Formation of TWG
  • Revival of dormant GPPB
  • Technical analysis matters
getting from bad to good creating a well oiled machine2
Getting from “bad” to good”?:Creating a Well Oiled Machine
  • How tounify the Executive branch?
  • How tomobilize civil society groups?
  • How tolink CSOs and reformers in government?
  • How torecruit “champions” in the Legislature?
  • Disparate, diffused CSOs
  • Formation of PWI
  • Strategic Bank support
getting from bad to good creating a well oiled machine3
Getting from “bad” to good”?:Creating a Well Oiled Machine
  • How tounify the Executive branch?
  • How tomobilize civil society groups?
  • How tolink CSOs and reformers in government?
  • How torecruit “champions” in the Legislature?

PWI became the cog that tied all parties

mobilizing public support
Mobilizing Public Support

Transparency and Accountability Network (20+ member groups)

Walang Ku-Corrupt Movement

(Youth)

Drew other civil society groups

into the advocacy efforts and

coordinated the activities

PAGBA &

AGAP

(w/in Gov’t)

CBCP

(Church)

Philippine Contractors Association

(private sector – main stakeholder)

Local chambers of Commerce

(Private sector)

getting from bad to good creating a well oiled machine4
Getting from “bad” to good”?:Creating a Well Oiled Machine
  • How tounify the Executive branch?
  • How tomobilize civil society groups?
  • How tolink CSOs and reformers in government?
  • How torecruit “champions” in the Legislature?

champions:“investing for the future”

strategic positions

making it all come together the media campaign
Became the ’Glue’that linked reformers in government, civil society, legislators, and the general public

“Public relations drive + advertising blitz + political campaign”

Needed local company with special skills to carry this out …

Making it All Come Together:The Media Campaign
slide20

Radio: The swath & the dagger

TV: Raising the ante

Reaching Out

Print Media: Amplifying the problem

Advertising: Creating a ‘brand name’

The Media Campaign:The Communications Strategy

conclusion managing politics
Go Beyond Old Adage of Forming a Coalition

Need to Create a Well Oiled Machine

A Few Key Elements…

Core group of reformers in Government (a “champion” is not enough …)

Technical work absolutely critical

Secure allies outside government – CSOs, private sector, churches, youth …

Media campaign is the glue that holds the pieces together

Conclusion: Managing Politics
implications for the bank
May need to change the way we provide technical assistance and advice

Need to focus more on implementation, steps to make reforms happen in complex political environments -- in addition to technical work

Donors have to find additional ways to help finance this process

Implications for the Bank