Chapter 13 Genetic Engineering. Section 13-4 Applications of Genetic Engineering. Transgenic Organisms. The Genetic Principles Are Universal For All Life Forms: Based On DNA All DNA Uses The Same Base Sequences Adenine Thymine Guanine Cyctosine Genes Can Be Transferred Between Species
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Applications of Genetic Engineering
With The Newly Developed Technologies, Genes Can Be Transferred Between Species.
An Organism Which Has Received The Gene of Another species is called a:
Genetic Engineering Has Spurred The Growth Of Biotechnology, A New Industry That Is Changing The Way We Interact With The Living World
Cloning Is The Process Of Using A Donor Cell From An Adult Organism To Grow A New Individual Genetically Identical To The Organism From Which The Donor Cell Was Taken
Ian Wilmut, Scotland, 1997
Cloned A Sheep – Dolly
Donor Cell Taken From Animal To Be Cloned
Can Be Any Diploid Cell With A Nucleus
Donor Egg Taken From Another Animal Of The SameSpecies – This Nucleus Will Be Removed and Discarded
Donor EGG Cell
Donor Egg Cell With The Nucleus Removed Is Fused With The Donor Cell Containing The Nucleus From The Animal To Be Cloned
Slight Electric Current
Donor Egg with Nucleus Removed
In Vitro Development
Create Blastocyst From Cloned Donor Nucleus
If Fused Cell Begins Replicating It Will Be Placed In Tissue Culture Until It Becomes A Blastocyst.
In Vivo Development
Blastocyst Implanted In Uterus of Surrogate Mother
Birth - Hopefully