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The Age of Shakespeare

The Age of Shakespeare

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The Age of Shakespeare

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  1. The Age of Shakespeare

  2. The life of William Shakespeare William Shakespeare was born on April 23rd,1564. He grew up in Stratford. Shakespeare moved to London. In 1582,he married Anne Hatheway.He created a theatre known as The Globe theatre. Shakespeare died in April 23rd , 1616

  3. Elizabethan Era • The age of Shakespeare was a great time in English history. The reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) saw England emerge as the leading naval and commercial power of the Western world. England consolidated its position with the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, and Elizabeth firmly established the Church of England begun by her father, King Henry VIII The destruction of the Spanish Armada, 1588.

  4. Elizabeth I believed completely in the devotion and loyalty of her people. • Map of Elizabethan Europe

  5. Explorers • The Elizabethan Age of Exploration! • Many motives prompted the Age of exploration including Scientific curiosity, bred of the Renaissance spirit of free inquiry, the crusading spirit in which Europeans thrilled at the thought of spreading Christianity. And the opportunities to acquire wealth, fame and power. • The scientific improvements in Navigation during the Age of Exploration.

  6. Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the world and became the most celebrated English sea captain of his generation. Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh sent colonists eastward in search of profit. European wars brought an influx of continental refugees into England, exposing the Englishman to new cultures. In trade, might, and art, England established an envious preeminence.

  7. Town and Country • Changes in agriculture during the Elizabethan period led to people leaving the countryside and their village life to search for employment in the towns. • The wool trade became increasingly popular during the Elizabethan age, which meant that land which had been farmed by peasants was now dedicated to rearing sheep . • Village life was changing and the movement towards town life started during the Elizabethan era.

  8. Towns • The towns were small. The biggest towns were Norwich, York and Bristol. There were small shops and orchards and gardens. • Although the commerce was developing quickly and new agricultural methods were being introduced, daily life was basically mediaeval. • Superstition was great and witches and criminals were severely punished. BRISTOL

  9. London • At this time, London was the heart of England, reflecting all the vibrant qualities of the Elizabethan Age. This atmosphere made London a leading center of culture as well as commerce. Its dramatists and poets were among the leading literary artists of the day. In this heady environment, Shakespeare lived and wrote.

  10. Food • The time period that is encompassed by the reigns of the Tudors - 1485 to 1603 - was a time of change in just about every aspect of culture and life, with food being no exception. The food of the people of Tudor times began to change from that of their medieval ancestors with the introduction of foods from the New World. 

  11. Entertainment • Music was of great importance in both secular and sacred life in Tudor times. Musicians were supported by the Church, city and state, and particularly in royal and aristocratic courts. As interest in music widened, there were many more job opportunities and possibilities for apprenticeship. For example, there were now jobs for choirmasters, singers, teachers, composers, and instrument builders. The rising merchant class of the later Tudor period also gave rise to more musical patrons. With the invention of music printing, music books became more affordable and therefore more available.

  12. Houses The Tudor era was a period of phenomenal building in England with elaborate palaces. Some buildings, such as the Tower of London were constructed. When someone mentions Tudor architecture, the image that most often comes to mind is the black and white timber/ plaster constructions.

  13. Clothing woman man

  14. DAILY LIFE • Daily life in Elizabethan England varied according to status and location. It was the time of the Renaissance - new ideas in science and literature and all aspects of Elizabethan Daily life. Information and facts regarding, education, religion, the monarchy, Career Opportunities, Leisure, the Movement from Country life to Town life and the New World all of which effected Elizabethan Daily life.

  15. The Globe Theatre • The Globe Theatre was an early English theatre in London where most of William Shakespeare's plays were first presented. It was built in 1599 by two brothers, Richard and Cuthbert Burbage, who owned its predecessor, The Theatre. • The Globe Theatre was a huge success

  16. Medicine • Medical practice in Elizabethan times, did not imporove as much as other aspects of Elizabethan life. Advancements were made, but overall the impact was not great. • Beliefs. All in all, medicine remained mostly medieval in Elizabethan times. Many physicians based their philosophies on the teachings of Aristotle and Hippocrates.

  17. Sports Elizabethan England embraced many different customs and cultures • Hunting was a favorite pastime for people, especially rich people • Jousting was a popular sport that involved running at an opponent with a lance and trying to knock him off his horse. • Another tournament sport was archery. Outside of being a tournament sport, archery involved a skill that was used in battle

  18. Entertainment Bear-baiting Dancing was also a popular activity.

  19. Education • Elizabethan Education was generally for boys of the Upper and Middle Classes. • The basic principles of childhood and education would be started in the home • Elizabethan Girls would be taught obedience to the male members of the family and rarely went to school. • The Children of Noble birth were invariably taught by tutors at home but, from the age of 7 to 14, children of a lower standing went to Grammar Schools

  20. Elizabethan Life at school was quite strict. At the age of 14-15, the most intelligent boys could be sent to one of the 2 Universities – Cambridge or Oxford where they were prepared for: Medicine, Law or Theology. People were greedy for knowledge and several schools and colleges were founded. Libraries were also created. Education BEOWULF

  21. In Conclusion • The Elizabethan era was associated with Queen Elizabeth I's reign (1558–1603) and is often considered to be the golden age in English history. • It was the height of the English Renaissance and saw the flowering of English poetry, music and literature. • This was also the time during which Elizabethan theatre flourished, and William Shakespeare and many others composed plays that broke free of England's past style of plays and theatre.

  22. It was an age of exploration and expansion abroad, while back at home, the Protestant Reformation became the national mindset of all the people. It was also the end of the period when England was a separate realm before its royal union with Scotland. • England during this period had a centralised, well-organised, and effective government, largely a result of the reforms of Henry VII and Henry VIII. Economically, the country began to benefit greatly from the new era of trans-Atlantic trade.