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ABBASID DECENTRALIZATION AND MEDIEVAL PERSIAN CULTURE I. 3 BUYID (Buwayhid) brothers from Daylam in N. Iran expand into Iraq, take Baghdad 945 C.E. A. Shi c ite (Zaydi/Twelver) B. Recognize Abbasid caliph, take title shahanshah (“king

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slide1

ABBASID DECENTRALIZATION AND

MEDIEVAL PERSIAN CULTURE

I. 3 BUYID (Buwayhid) brothers from Daylam in N. Iran expand

into Iraq, take Baghdad 945 C.E.

A. Shicite (Zaydi/Twelver)

B. Recognize Abbasid caliph, take title shahanshah (“king

of kings”

DAYLAM

slide4

Buyid dinars: Rukn al-Dawla Abu Ali, vassal of brother

Imad al-Dawla Abu’l-Hasan (946-50)

slide5

II. SAMANIDs, autonomous govs. of Transoxiana, c. 850

A. Defeat rebellious SAFFARIDs in Khurasan and take over,

c. 873

B. Samanid court in BUKHARA – Persian in Arabic script

Jaxartes

Bukhara

Oxus R.

slide6

tomb of Ismail the Samanid in Bukhara as national symbol of Tajikistan

(even though Bukhara is in Uzbekistan)

slide7

C. SAMANIDs commission poet Ferdowsi to compile Shahname,

stories of pre-Islamic Iranian kings.

D. SAMANIDs employ Turkic slave-soldiers to govern Khurasan

E. GHAZNAVIDs, Turkic slave-soldier dynasty, overthrow

SAMANIDs in Khurasan, c. 1030.

Ghazni

slide8

minaret of Sultan Masud,

Ghazni, Afghanistan

slide10

Caravan sights Zal in the

simurgh’s nest.

slide11

Rustam shooting double-pointed arrow into Isfendiyar’s eyes

14th c. Mongol Shahname

16th c. Safavid Shahname

slide12

Sasanian shah Khusrau I Anushirvan

(r. 531-79) receives ambassador

from India

slide13

III. Oghuz Turks migrate west of Oxus River, 11th c.

  • SELJUKs defeat GHAZNAVIDs in Khurasan, take Baghdad
  • 1055.
  • Recognize Abbasid caliph, take title sultan
slide14

Tughril Beg, Seljuk conqueror Seljuk bowl from 12th-century Iran

of Baghdad, 1055

slide15

Omar Khayyam (1048-1131), mathematician, astronomer, minor

poet at Seljuk court in Isfahan, Iran

Nishapur

Isfahan

Cornell Wilde as

Omar Khayyam