3 1 pgs 110 113 civilization in ancient sumer n.
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3.1 pgs 110-113 Civilization in Ancient Sumer

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3.1 pgs 110-113 Civilization in Ancient Sumer. The Fertile Crescent. The Fertile Crescent In the Middle East Crescent (think quarter moon) Includes Mesopotamia Greek for land between the Rivers (Tigris & Euphrates) From the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea

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the fertile crescent
The Fertile Crescent
  • The Fertile Crescent
    • In the Middle East
    • Crescent (think quarter moon)
    • Includes Mesopotamia
      • Greek for land between the Rivers (Tigris & Euphrates)
    • From the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea
    • This is where the 1st civilization began - Sumer
the fertile crescent1
The Fertile Crescent
  • Agriculture in Mesopotamia
    • The land is very fertile
    • The most fertile in the Fertile Crescent is Mesopotamia
    • Grew many grains and vegetable
    • Raised sheep goats and cattle
the fertile crescent2
The Fertile Crescent
  • Geography of Mesopotamia
    • To the north (Taurus)and east (Zagros) are mountains
    • To the south the foothills of the mountains become flat plains
    • Much of the south is desert
    • The soil is rich because the Tigris and Euphrates flood and fill the land with silt
    • The floods also bring dangers and can wash away homes and farms
the fertile crescent3
The Fertile Crescent
  • Farming the land
    • Despite the challenges technology and hard work made the land productive
      • Irrigation – watered the crops after the floods were gone during the hot dry summer
      • Planting technology that planted seeds as they plowed
city states of sumer
City-States of Sumer
  • Better farming produced

SURPLUS

  • Villages turned into cities
  • Cities Emerge
  • Cities like Uruk, Lagash, Nippur and Ur
    • Who do know that was from Ur?
  • These are the 1st city-states
    • Each had its own government, laws and main god/goddess
city states of sumer1
City-States of Sumer
  • Trade
    • Each city was a center for trade
    • Some things they needed, like wood and metals had to be traded for
    • People used the barter system meaning they exchanged goods for goods – NO MONEY
    • Used rivers as their highways and pulled barges along the rivers
    • Trade also used new technology to make trade easier
      • Wheels on carts
      • Sails on boats
city states of sumer2
City-States of Sumer
  • Social Classes
    • 3 distinct classes
    • Each had roles in society
      • Upper class – rulers and his top officials, priests, the richest merchants, and the largest land owners
      • Farmers and skilled workers in the middle
      • The lowest was mostly slaves
    • Religious beliefs and laws confirmed the social order
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