slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Ancient Indian Civilization PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Ancient Indian Civilization

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 57

Ancient Indian Civilization - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 161 Views
  • Uploaded on

Ancient Indian Civilization. Hindu Kush. Himalayas. Deccan Plateau. The Subcontinent of India. India’s Rivers. Notorious BIG B rahmaputra I ndus G anges. Hindu Kush. Himalayas. Brahmaputra River. Indus River. Ganges River. Deccan Plateau.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Ancient Indian Civilization' - winka


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide3

Hindu Kush

Himalayas

Deccan Plateau

The Subcontinent of India

india s rivers
India’s Rivers

Notorious BIG

Brahmaputra

Indus

Ganges

slide5

Hindu Kush

Himalayas

Brahmaputra River

Indus River

Ganges River

Deccan Plateau

Major rivers – all originating in the Himalayan Mountains.

slide9

Chronology

  • 3000 – 2600 BCE ~ Harappan Civilization
  • 1200 – 500 BCE ~ Vedic Era – Hinduism
  • 550 – 100 BCE ~ Hindu Rivals – Buddhism
  • 322 – 185 BCE ~ Mauryan Empire
  • 320 – 540 CE ~ Gupta Empire
slide11

Rainfall came in the form of seasonal monsoons (a wind with dependable, but intense, periods of rainfall) which were crucial to farmers.

slide13

The people began planting crops

The people grew cotton and knew how to weave it into cloth.

slide20

Began trading with Mesopotamia and Egypt on a larger scale.

  • Mohenjo-Daro& Harappa were the 2 largest cities – with populations of over 40,000 each.
  • Well-planned cities with modern plumbing.
  • The government was centralized and ruled by priest-kings.
slide25

The people of the Indus River Valley developed an arithmetic system & incorporated the use of decimals.

slide27

They also had heated bathing pools

Private bath with drain to sewer system, Mohenjo-Daro

slide30

A Harappan seal – used for trading purposes. A seal (kind of like a badge or a broach) represented a person’s village.

slide31

Burial pottery

Burial rituals and practices were used.

slide34

Chronology

  • 3000 – 2600 BCE ~ Harappan Civilization
  • 1200 – 500 BCE ~ Vedic Era – Hinduism
  • 550 – 100 BCE ~ Hindu Rivals – Buddhism
  • 322 – 185 BCE ~ Mauryan Empire
  • 320 – 540 CE ~ Gupta Empire
slide35
Around 1500 BCE ~ a group of people called Aryanscame through Khyber Pass to live on the Indus plains
    • They were warriors with chariots.
    • They were Indo-European – their language was related to most European languages
slide36

As the Aryan invaders settled, their culture and religion mixed with that of the indigenous people who were already living there. Out of this mixture came the religion of Hinduism.

slide39

-Brahma

  • “the Creator”
slide40

-Vishnu

  • “the Preserver”
slide41

-Shiva

  • “the Destroyer”
basic beliefs
Basic Beliefs
  • All living things have a soul
  • Brahman is the eternal soul
  • The illusion of reality, or maya, keeps the soul from rejoining with the eternal soul
  • Reincarnation purifies the soul
slide47

The Caste System

Untouchables

kashmir in n india hindus vs muslims
Kashmir (in N. India) = Hindus vs. Muslims

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/kashmir_disputed_2003.jpg

slide49

Buddhism

“Let a man overcome anger by love, let him overcome evil by good. Let him overcome the greedy by liberality, the liar by truth.”

–Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha

slide53

The Four Noble Truths

  • Reincarnation
  • Desire = Suffering
  • Desire = Suffering
  • Eight Fold Path
slide54

Eightfold Path

  • Right  View
  • Right  Intentions
  • Right  Speech
  • Right  Action
  • Right  Livelihood
  • Right  Effort
  • Right  Mindfulness
  • Right  Concentration
as buddhism spread
AS BUDDHISM SPREAD…

Monks and nuns help lead Buddhism today.

The Dalai Lama represents Buddhism to world leaders.