the changing family n.
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The Changing Family  . The mid. 1800s. premarital sex and marriage. By 1850, old traditions of marriage no longer mattered among the working class -became romantic Economic consideration were most important in the middle class Mothers payed special attention to their daughters

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premarital sex and marriage
premarital sex and marriage
  • By 1850, old traditions of marriage no longer mattered among the working class

-became romantic

  • Economic consideration were most important in the middle class
  • Mothers payed special attention to their daughters

-men were also watched but by the time they reached their adolescence they had sexual experience

  • From 1750 to 1850 there was an illegitimacy explosion
slide3
Cont.
  • Regions not experiencing urbanization and industrialization ,religious communities and certain churches as well, did not go through the illegitimacy explosion
  • More babies were beginning to be born to married women

-however, many women were still getting married pregnant

  • in 19 c. many single pregnant women got married

- not getting married was unacceptable and this helped economically and helped create stable relationships in working class

prostitution
prostitution
  • Paris Alone, 155,000 women were registered as a prostitute in 1871-1903
    • 750,000 women suspected as prostitutes
  • Men of all classes visited prostitutes
  • “My Secret Life”, a volume autobiography of an sexual adventurer
    • Reveals the dark side of sex and class in urban society
  • Men purchased prostitutes before and after marriage
  • For young women, it was like a domestic service, not permanent employment
kinship ties
kinship  Ties
  • newlyweds wanted to live near their parents often in the same neighbourhood
  • extended family could help in times of need
  • relatives could watch children so that both parents could work to earn needed money
gender roles and family life
Gender Roles and Family Life:
  • Industrialization and the growth of cities greatly affected  married women
  • -most women at the time were married -many women were the "stay at home moms "during the 1850s, the preindustrial pattern of both a man and wife  working together began to decline
  • -less women began to work in factories after factory owners stopped employing whole families
gender roles and family life cont
Gender Roles and Family Life (cont.)
  • society developed a strict division of  labour

-man was normally the wage earner while the women worked at home -husbands were unsympathetic and hostile towards their wives  

-women suffered severe prejudice when they wanted to enter "a mans employment"-women were paid less and lacked legal identity could not own property

cont again
cont....again)
  • middle class feminists began the campaign for equal rights for women

-they tried to give women more opportunities for work

- in 1882,married women were given right over property

- more women could find white caller jobs after 1880

- turned their attention to suffrage

and yet again another cont
and yet again, another cont...
  • some women had important roles in their finance

-Englishmen gave their wages to their wives to manage - managing a home was complicated

        had to economize, raise their kids, and shopping for the family

some work women did
some work women did
  • Taking care of their family and making bread
child rearing
child rearing
  • new medical theories increased concern for children

-parents believed that any abnormality they had would be given to their child

couples were worried about their child obtaining unhappiness and many other things including bad sexual behaviour

slide12
Cont.
  • parents were extraordinarily concerned about their child’s sexual behaviour and success

-masturbation was not allowed and many thing (clothes, change in diet, etc.) were made to avoid this behaviour

-gender roles made relationships in a household and a great amount of pressure was committed to make offspring successful

the end!