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Child Development: Unit 5 Toddler and Preschool. Preschool Cognitive Development. List major cognitive milestones for a preschooler. 3 Year Old Short sentences 896 Words Great growth in communication Tells simple stories Uses words as tool of thought Answers questions Imaginative

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child development unit 5 toddler and preschool

Child Development:Unit 5Toddler and Preschool

Preschool Cognitive Development

list major cognitive milestones for a preschooler
List major cognitive milestones for a preschooler
  • 3 Year Old
    • Short sentences
    • 896 Words
    • Great growth in communication
    • Tells simple stories
    • Uses words as tool of thought
    • Answers questions
    • Imaginative
    • May recite few nursery rhymes
  • 4 Year Old
    • Uses complete sentences
    • 1540 words
    • Asks endless questions
    • Learning to generalize
    • Highly imaginative
    • Dramatic
    • Can draw recognizable objects
preschoolers all over the united states were shown this picture and asked the same question
Preschoolers all over the  United States  were shown this picture and asked the same question.
  • Which way is the bus below traveling?To the left or to the right?

Can't make up your mind?Look carefully at the picture again.


90% of the pre-schoolers said: 'The bus is traveling to the left.' When asked, “Why do you think the bus is traveling to the left?”They answered: 

  • “Because you can't see the door to get on the bus.”

How does it make you feel?

  • Step by step pattern of event put into correct order.
  • Example
    • Directions in cooking, a story,
    • a snowman being built and then melting into water,
    • following correct order to performing a task
    • Your class schedule or job responsibilities
  • Common household objects being put into categories according to similarities.
  • Examples
    • Blocks, buttons, silverware, colored items, laundry
  • Grouping nature objects into categories according to their similarities.
  • Examples:
    • Rocks, boys/girls, bathrooms, people characteristics, animals, things in nature
  • Organizing objects according to increasing or decreasing qualities.
  • Example
    • Age, height, weight, length, lining up, building a snowmen, your lockers
  • Understanding that an objects physical dimensions and amounts remain the same even though its appearance changes
  • Example
    • Pouring liquid from one cup into another shaped cup. Smashing a cookie dough ball or play dough, 2 different shaped cookies or containers of food.
  • Changing an object’s state.
  • Example
    • Popcorn
    • Water into ice or ice into water,
    • powder jello mix into jigglyjello and then adding hot water to the jello to turn it back into a liquid,
    • growing older with age,
    • a seed into a plant,
    • dough into bread
  • Building or doing and then undoing it
  • Example
    • Zip and unzip,
    • build a sand castle and wreck it,
    • block tower and wreck it,
    • tie and untie
cognitive break

1. Unfinished Picture

2. Matching terms

- How many do you know?

Pop popcorn



Picture questions

3 little pigs

Tea party

Popcorn maker

Bunny math



Check list



Words learned

Child asking

Concepts learning

Caregiver asking
















answers cognitive terms
Answers Cognitive Terms
  • 1. Language ability
  • Q. This reveals a child’s intellectual development: how they think, their interests, and their personalities.
  • 2. Preoperational Stage
  • A. Jean Piaget said that preschoolers are in this cognitive stage
  • 3. Experiment
  • L. Allow children to explore and _________. This is how they learn about their world.
  • 4. Parental Attitude
  • O. This largely influences a preschoolers enjoyment in reading, learning, school, art, music…
  • 5. Everyday Experiences
  • F. Preschoolers learn best by participation and involvement in these.
  • 6. Chores
  • K. Preschoolers need to be included in ______and daily clean up tasks around the house.
cognitive terms
Cognitive Terms
  • 7. Symbols
  • B. In the preoperational stage, a preschooler learns that these represent objects and words.
  • 8. Limited Focus
  • E. A preoperational form where kids find it hard to concentrate on more than one feature of an object at a time.
  • 9. Problem Solving
  • P. Preschoolers begin to develop this skill as their cognitive abilities improve.
  • 10. Reading Stories
  • N. Spending time doing this with kids is an effective way to introduce them to reading. It makes learning easier and more fun.
  • 11. Talk
  • G. Look for opportunities to ___________ with a child about what they are seeing, doing, and experiencing. This will increase learning.
  • 12. Egocentric
  • D. Viewing the world in terms of their own ideas and wants shows this preoperational stage.
  • 13. Opinions
  • I. Ask a child’s views or ________ on subjects to increase their learning.
cognitive terms1
Cognitive Terms
  • 14. Conservation
  • R. A cognitive skill where a child understands that even though one property of an object changes, the other property still remains the same.
  • 15. Inquisitive
  • H. Children are naturally this way. They ask a lot of questions because they are curious and want to understand the world around them.
  • 16. Test
  • M. Success of a child depends upon qualities like motivation, determination, creativity, and self-confidence, not on _________ scores.
  • 17. YES and NO
  • J. Ask questions to a preschooler that requires more than these type of answers to increase learning
  • 18. Make-Believe play
  • C. This preoperational characteristic is imitating real-life situations in fantasy play