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Kingdoms Of Life: Monerans. By: C Abry, Tudor Foote, and Billy Stone. Introduction. Welcome to the wonderful world of Monerans Monerans are Bacteria They make up more matter than all other living things on earth combined. Structure.

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Kingdoms Of Life: Monerans


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kingdoms of life monerans

Kingdoms Of Life: Monerans

By: C Abry, Tudor Foote, and Billy Stone

introduction
Introduction
  • Welcome to the wonderful world of Monerans
  • Monerans are Bacteria
  • They make up more matter than all other living things on earth combined
structure
Structure
  • Monerans have a flagellum, a cytoplasm membrane, cell wall, capsule, cytoplasm, genetic material, and a ribosome.
  • The blue green bacteria cell has all the same traits except for: sheath, starch granule, and photosynthetic membrane. This membrane allows it to gain energy through photosynthesis. However they don’t have Flagellum.
  • Monerans can come in single cells or grouped in colonies. Colonies are a group of cells that are attached. Colonies are different from multi-cellular organisms, because every cell in the colony live on there own, not depending on each other
shapes of bacterial cells
Shapes of Bacterial Cells
  • The Cocci come in circular shapes that are often in chains or blobs. The average size is .5 to one micrometer.
  • The Bacilli are shaped like rods and often come in strings. Their normal size is approximately .5 to 20 micrometers in length.
  • The Spirochete comes in a spiral shape and also often are found in a chain. The average length is about 1 to 500 micrometers.
feeding
Feeding
  • Monerans that require oxygen for respiration are called obligate aerobes.
  • Monerans that don’t require oxygen for respiration are called obligate anaerobes
  • Facultative anaerobes can produce ATP with or without oxygen.
reproduction
Reproduction
  • Binary Fission (Most reproduction done in this method)
    • DNA replicates
    • Membrane forms between them
    • Cell wall pinches into two cells
  • Conjugation (Somewhat like sexual reproduction)
    • DNA replicates
    • Chromosome opens
    • Tube forms between it and another cell
    • The open chromosomes goes to other cell
    • Tube splits
    • In the new cell, chromosomes exchange pieces.
    • New cell divides into two new cells
reproduction continued
Reproduction continued
  • Spores
    • Used by Bacteria to survive when conditions for growth are not present
    • First step is the DNA replicates
    • One set put in resistant but inactive cell
    • Once conditions improve becomes a active cell
major phyla species
Major Phyla & Species
  • Monerans are Bacteria
  • More Bacteria matter in the world than all other living organisms combined
  • Aerobic/Anaerobic
  • Most known are the disease causing ones, but very few of them are actually harmful
  • Types of structures as explained before
summary
Summary
  • Monerans are Bacteria
  • Single celled prokaryotes
  • Feed many ways
  • Binary Fission
  • Monerans have a one in five chance of being the coolest Kingdom
the end

THE END

ANY QUESTIONS?

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Teacher Notes

Additional feeding notes:

Heterotrophic monerans can be saprobes (cause decay) parasites (feed off a host). Autotrophic monerans carry out photosynthesis or chemosynthesis (obtain energy from inorganic compounds.

Additional structure notes:

A reminder that all monerans are prokaryotic and very small. The diameter or length of bacteria cells are < 5 mm