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Leukemia Raven B. Pace
Leukemia • Leukemia or is a cancer that starts in the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the bloodstream. There are many types of leukemia. There are 4 main types; Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).
Acute lymphocytic leukemia • This is the most common type of leukemia in young children usually between the ages of 2-5. ALL can also occur in adults. This type of leukemia causes damage and death by crowding out normal cells in the bone marrow, and spreads to organs. "Acute" refers to the relatively short time course of the disease. ALL can be fatal in as little as a few months if left untreated.
Acute myelogenous leukemia • Acute myeloid leukemia is more common in adults and mostly affects the male population. The only treatment for acute myeloid leukemia is Chemotherapy. There is a five year survival rate of 40%. Some causes and risk factors of acute myeloid leukemia include smoking, exposure to chemicals or radiation, genetic syndromes and family history.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia • Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a slowly progressing disease that usually occurs during or after middle age, and rarely occurs in children. In CML, too many blood stem cells become a type of white blood cell called granulocytes. The leukemic cells crowd out the normal cells and this can lead up to infection, anemia, and easy bleeding may occur. Symptoms include Feeling very tired, Weight loss , Night sweats, Fever, and pain.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is more common in older people. With this disease people do not experience any symptoms until a few years in. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia can also invade other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. Symptoms include weakness, extreme fatigue, weight loss, fever or night sweats, lumps under the skin, such as in the neck, groin, or arm pit.
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia • Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia is a rare childhood cancer that occurs more often in children younger than 2 years. Males and Children who have neurofibromatosis type 1 are more likely to get the disease. Signs and symptoms include fever, infections, fatigue, skin rash, pain or swelling, and the feeling of fullness. The prognosis for JMML depend on the following: The age of the child at diagnosis, The number of platelets in the blood, and The amount of hemoglobin In red blood cells.
Treatment options • chemotherapy to kill leukemia cells using strong anti-cancer drugs • interferon therapy to slow the reproduction of leukemia cells and promote the immune system's anti-leukemia activity • radiation therapy to kill cancer cells by exposure to high-energy radiation • stem cell transplantation to enable treatment with high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy • surgery to remove an enlarged spleen or to install a large plastic tube to give medications and withdraw blood samples.