LEUKEMIA By: J.U.
Bladder Cancer Bone Cancer Bowel Cancer Breast Cancer Hodgkin’s Disease Larynx Cancer Leukemia Lung Cancer Mouth Cancer Pancreas Cancer Prostate Cancer Skin Cancer Stomach Cancer Testicular Cancer Thyroid Cancer Cancer of the Uterus and Cervix Types Of Cancer
Diagnosis • Most commonly leukemia is diagnosed by a blood test to count the number of red cells, white cells and platelets. A biopsy of the bone marrow may also be performed
What is Leukemia • Greek word which means “white blood” • Leukemia is when cells spread rapidly and destroy living tissue. • It grows/invades the bone marrow which is the factory of blood and replaces normal blood elements with cancer cells. • Cancer cells replace all bone marrow cells which causes infection and bleeding problems. • Leukemia is basically white blood cells that don’t work well and cause trouble.
Continued • Millions of immature and useless white blood cells are produced which makes it harder to kill cancer cells and preserve the good/healthy ones. • Leukemia causes change in cells, DNA, and gene. • If the blood matches with donator then you are curried. • Bone marrow is spongy tissue that fills in the center core of bone. • There are 4 different types of Leukemia.
Possible Causes • Birth rates • X-rays • Other forms of radiation • Viruses • Chemical irritants
Signs Of Leukemia Most of the symptoms of leukemia are similar to those of a common illness such as the flu. The symptoms will vary according to the type of leukemia. • Tired • Frequent infections • Easy bruising or bleeding • Bone tenderness • Headache • Enlarged lymph nodes • Low red blood count • Pale skin • Poor appetite
Types of Leukemia • Acute lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) • Acute myeloblastic Leukemia (AML) • Chronic lymphocyte Leukemia (CLL) • Chronic myeloid Leukemia (CML)
Chronic and Acute Chronic Leukemia: • Progress slowly (runs a slow course) • Not immediately fatal. Acute Leukemia: • Progress rapidly (runs a fast course) • Life expectancy short without treatment.
Lymphocyte and Myeloid Lymphocyte: • Increase in white blood cells produced in lymph nodes and bone marrow. • Strikes without any warning. Myeloid: • Increase in white blood cells produced exclusively in the bone marrow. • Strikes without any warning.
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML): • Mixed group of disease • It means “marrow like” and in this context it simply means arising from developing blood cells. • This type of leukemia runs a rapid course.
Acute Lymphoblast Leukemia (ALL): • Group of different diseases • A complexity of which is still trying to be unraveled • Reached a point where not all are being treated the same. • This type of Leukemia runs a rapid course.
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML): • Characterized by increased production of granulocytes in the bone marrow. • Usually associated with a specific chromosomal abnormality called the Philadelphia chromosome • Progresses slowly
Chronic Lymphocyte Leukemia (CLL): • This type of cancer is so rare it could be said not to arise at all in the first two decades of life. • Starts of in the Bone marrow • This type of cancer runs a slow course giving more time to live.
Treatment • Depending on the type of cancer treatments may vary. Treatments of leukemia may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or bone marrow transplant. They also treat leukemia patients with the infusion of healthy blood cells and platelets. During and after the treatment blood counts are done to see if the patient is being controlled or in remission.
Volunteering Your Time: In order to volunteer your time to the Canadian Cancer Society log on to: • http://www.cancer.ca, they will give you step by step instructions on how to go about it.