JOSEPH HAYDN Symphony 94 Movement 2
THEME AND VARIATIONS • The beginning theme is simple. • You are hearing Section A. • It is played twice. • The second time, it is softer. • The strings use “pizzicato” (No, it’s not something to eat!) It means to pluck, not bow.
The second part of the theme begins. • You are hearing Section B. • It is repeated, also. But the second time, it adds in the flute and oboe. A A B B
Variation One • Variation I begins with that loud chord (surprise!), then you hear Section A again. • Section A is different in Variation I. It has a high countermelody played by the violins.
Section A is repeated softly. • The countermelody is played by the violins.
Now, comes Section B again. • Like Section A, it has a countermelody played by the violins. • Like Section A, again, it is played twice. A A B B
Variation Two • WOW! This is different, but similar… • IT IS IN MINOR! • You are hearing Section A again (twice, of course) in a minor mode. It sounds gloomy, or maybe even scary. • It is loud, and then soft. • So a variation is something that is like something else, but different in some way.
This is Section B, but louder, and busier. • It has downward moving scales – fast and lots of notes. • It sounds like someone is mad at something!
BRIDGE • And, then the violins seem to slow down and become more relaxed. • This is a phrase that comes between two sections. • So, guess what comes next???
Variation 3 • Yes, this is Section A again, but slightly different. • It is back in the major mode. • It is soft like the beginning theme, but has more repeated notes. • The oboe seems to have a solo. • Section A is played – TWICE (there’s a pattern here…) but there is a counter-melody played by the flute and oboe.
Now, you hear Section B again. • It is played twice, as usual. • You can recognize the theme, even with the countermelody trying to throw you off! A A B B
Variation Four • Yes, you guessed it ---- Another variation. • This is Section A. • It is played very loudly. • When it is repeated, it is soft but with a different rhythm: long-short, long-short.
This is Section B. • The violins continue with the theme and with the dotted rhythm (long-short). • THEN the full orchestra jumps in. • It sounds very triumphant! Like you just won the Olympics or something…
The full orchestra builds up to this CHORD that is held. • And then very, very softly…
THE CLOSING SECTION • Haydn brings this movement to a close by giving the A Section theme to the oboe, gradually adding strange chords in the strings, then the flute… • Then softer and softer it seems to fade away…
GREAT JOB, MR. HAYDN! Patricia Oeste, 2005