The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia
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The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

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  1. The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China The Economic Development of Tang and Song China Cultural Change in Tang and Song China Chinese Influence in East Asia

  2. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China • The Sui Dynasty • High taxes • Demand of compulsory labor services • Massive Building projects ~ The Great Canal • Linked network of earlier canals • 2000km (1240 miles) • Roads on either bank

  3. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China • The Tang Dynasty • Low taxes • Good communication network • Equal field system • Bureaucracy of merit • Military expansion • Tang Dynasty foreign relations Tang Dynasty founder

  4. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China • The Song Dynasty • Never a powerful state • All generals retired to life of pleasure • Generous payments • Capital moved to Hangzhou

  5. The Economic Development of Tang and Song China • Agricultural Development • Fast ripening rise • New agricultural technologies • Population growth • Urbanization • Food supply, growth of cities • Introduction of new commodities

  6. The Economic Development of Tang and Song China • Technological and Industrial Development • Porcelain • Metallurgy • Gunpowder • Printing • Naval technologies

  7. The Economic Development of Tang and Song China • The Emergence of a Market Economy • Financial instruments • Introduction of paper money • Chinese silk opens up trade routes and increases local demands for imported luxury goods

  8. Cultural Change in Tang and Song China • The Establishment of Buddhism • Declining confidence in Confucianism after collapse of Han dynasty • Increasing popularity of Buddhism • Christianity, Manichaeism, Zoroastrianism, Islam also appear • Primarily foreign merchant class

  9. Cultural Change in Tang and Song China • Neo-Confucianism • Confucians & Buddhism • Neo-Confucian Influence • Adapted Buddhist themes • Officially recognized creed until 20th c • Shaped Korea, Vietnam, Japan

  10. Chinese Influence in East Asia • Korea and Vietnam • The Silla Dynasty: Tang armies withdraw, Korea recognizes Tang as emperor • Technically a vassal statue, but highly independent • Chinese influence on Korean culture pervasive • China and Vietnam • Vietnamese adaptation to Chinese culture, technology

  11. Chinese Influence in East Asia • Early Japan • Chinese armies never invade Japan • Chinese culture pervasive • Imitation of Tang administration • Establishment of new capital at Nara, hence “Nara Japan” (710-794 CE) • Adoption of Confucian, Buddhist teachings - retention of Shinto religion • Institution of the Shogun

  12. Chinese Influence in East Asia • Medieval Japan • Kamakura (1185-1333 CE) & Muromachi (1336-1573 CE) periods • Decentralized power in hands of warlords • Military authority in hands of samurai • Professional warriors

  13. For more information: • Chinese Civilization for Five Thousand Years 7-1 Sui and Tang http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UjIrSfH7ZGw • Chinese Civilization for Five Thousand Years 6-5 Buddhism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TK5_LU4uByk