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Ancient Greece: Sparta vs. Athens Sparta: Sparta conquered the Laconians and Messina. PowerPoint Presentation
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Ancient Greece: Sparta vs. Athens Sparta: Sparta conquered the Laconians and Messina. Captured people were known as helots. Sparta was based on military discipline: Children were taught how to fight, all men must serve in the army. Sparta cont.

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Ancient Greece: Sparta vs. Athens

  • Sparta:
  • Sparta conquered the Laconians and Messina.
  • Captured people were known as helots.
  • Sparta was based on military discipline: Children were taught how to fight, all men must serve in the army.
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Sparta cont.

  • What was the famous Spartan broth? Pg 119.
  • Spartan women were expected to exercise and be fit to bear and raise children.
  • Women in Sparta had more freedom because their husbands were serving in the military.
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Spartan Gov’t:

  • Was an oligarchy headed by two kings.
  • Ephors were a group of 5 men elected every year – responsible for education of youth and conduct of citizens.
  • Council of Elders: the 2 kings and 28 citizens over the age of 60.
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Sparta cont.

  • Did not want outside influences.
  • Citizens were not allowed to travel outside of Sparta.
  • Citizens were discouraged from education.
  • War was the only thing the Spartans focused on.
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Additional facts about Sparta:

  • The 300 – those were Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae. One survived.
  • Weak or deformed children were killed right after birth.
  • Children were taken from their mothers at the age of 7 for military training.
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Athens:

  • 700 BC aristocrats owned the best land and controlled politics.
  • Farmers were mistreated and sold into slavery when they could not pay their debts.
  • Athens was on the verge of a civil war.
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Athens cont.

  • 594 BC Solon took power – canceled all debts and freed debtors.
  • 560 BC Pisistratus took power – improved trade, gave land to the poor.
  • 510 BC Cleisthenes took power – Council of 500, laws only passed by the assembly, laid the foundation for Athenian democracy.
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Athens cont.

  • Athens gov’t was a democracy – Male citizens had the right to vote.
  • Citizens were encouraged to think and try and understand the world around them.